Observation items included:
(1) the land surface radiative temperature by the hand-held infrared thermometer, which was calibrated;
(2) GPS by GARMIN GPS 76;
(3) atmospheric parameters at Daman Water Management office measured by CE318 (produced by CIMEL in France). The total optical depth, aerosol optical depth, Rayleigh scattering coefficient, column water vapor in 936 nm, particle size spectrum and phase function were then retrieved from these observations. The optical depth in 1020nm, 936nm, 870nm, 670nm and 440nm were all acquired by CE318. These data include the raw data in .k7 format and can be opened by ASTPWin software. ReadMe.txt is attached for detail. Processed data (after retrieval of the raw data) in Excel contain optical depth, rayleigh scattering, aerosol optical depth, the horizontal visibility, the near surface air temperature, the solar azimuth, zenith, solar distance correlation factors, and air column mass number.
(4) ground-based land surface temperature measurements by the thermal imager in the Heihe gobi, west of Zhangye city.
Data Citation he Tao, Liu Qiang, Li Xin, Su Peixi, Bai Yunjie, Ding Songshuang, Gao Song, Han Xujun, Hao Xiaohua, Jin Rui, Li Hongyi, Li Zhe, Liang Ji, Pan Xiaoduo, Qin Chun, Ran Youhua, Wang Xufeng, Wu Yueru, Yan Qiaodi, Zhang Lingmei, Fang Li, Li Hua, Wen Jianguang, Ma Hongwei, Yan Yeqing, Yuan Xiaolong. WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurements synchronizing with Landsat TM in the Linze grassland and Linze station foci experimental area on Sep. 23, 2007 during the pre-observation periods. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Lanzhou University. 2008. doi:10.3972/water973.0193.db
The dataset is generated from the "Watershed Airborne Telemetry Experimental Research (WATER) “, the user must have a clear statement in the article of the original data source and adopt the reference style providing by the metadata in the References section.