Observation items included:
(1) Snow density, snow complex permittivity, snow volumetric moisture and snow gravimetric moisture by the snowfork in BG-A;
(2) Snow parameters including snow depth, the snow surface temperature synchronizing with the airborne microwave radiometers (K&Ka bands), the snow layer temperature, the snow grain size and snow density in BG-A (10 points), BG-B (6 points), BG-F (12 points), BG-H (21 points) and BG-I (20 points); For each snow pit, the snowpack was divided into several layers with 10-cm intervals of snow depth. The layer depth (by the ruler), the snow grain size (by the handheld microscope), snow density (by the cutting ring) and the snow temperature (by the probe thermometer) were obtained at each snow pit.
Two files including raw data and the preprocessed data were archived.
Data Citation Wang Jian, Ma Mingguo, Bai Yanfen, Bai Yunjie, Chang Cun, Ge Chunmei, Gu Juan, Hao Xiaohua, Jiang Tenglong, Li Hongyi, Li Zhe, Liang Ji, Li Hua, Liu Yan, Ma Zhongguo, Shu Lele, Wang Jianhua, Wang Xufeng, Wu Yueru, Xu Zhen, Xiao Pengfeng, Zhu Shijie, Zhang Pu. WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurements for snow synchronizing with the airborne microwave radiometers (K&Ka bands) mission in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area on Mar. 30, 2008. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Nanjing University; Institute of Desert Meteorology, CMA, Urumqi. 2008. doi:10.3972/water973.0092.db
The dataset is generated from the "Watershed Airborne Telemetry Experimental Research (WATER) “, the user must have a clear statement in the article of the original data source and adopt the reference style providing by the metadata in the References section.