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HiWATER: Dataset of surface temperature of orchard in the middle reaches of the Heihe River Basin Chinese Version

A land surface temperature observation system was set up in apple orchard near by the No.17 eddy covariance system of the MUlti-Scale Observation experiment on Evapotranspiration over heterogeneous land surfaces 2012 (MUSOEXE-12). This observation site can offer in situ calibration data of apple trees for TASI, WiDAS and L band sensor used in aerospace experiment.

Observation Site:

This point is located in a large and homogeneous apple orchard in Zhangye Experiment Field, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences. It’s 4 meters away from southwest of No.17 eddy covariance system, and observation height is 4.55 m. Crown size of observed apple tree is 4 m × 4 m. Underlying surface of observation site is mainly apple trees. The coordinates of this site: 38°50′41.70" N,100°22′11.40" E.

Observation Instrument:

The observation system consists of one SI-111 infrared radiometers (Campbell, USA) installed vertically downward to apple tree.

Observation Time:

This site operates from 3 August, 2012 to 27 September, 2012. Observation data laagered by every 1 minute uninterrupted. Output data contained sample data of every 1 minute.

Accessory data:

Land surface (apple tree) infrared temperature (by SI-111) can be obtained. Dataset is stored in *.dat file, which can be read by Microsoft excel or other text processing software (UltraEdit, et. al). Table heads meaning: Target_C_Avg, apple tree temperature @ 4.55 m (℃); SBT_C_Avg, body temperature of SI-111 sensor (℃).

Dataset is stored day by day, named as: data format + site name + interval time + date + time. The detailed information about data item showed in data header introduction in dataset.


Paper Cite Li X, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Wang WZ, Hu XL, Xu ZW, Wen JG, Wang LX. A multiscale dataset for understanding complex eco-hydrological processes in a heterogeneous oasis system. Scientific Data, 2017, 4: 170083. doi:10.1038/sdata.2017.83.

Dataset Cite Tan Junlei,Ma Mingguo. HiWATER: Dataset of surface temperature of orchard in the middle reaches of the Heihe River Basin. Heihe Plan Science Data Center, 2013. doi:10.3972/hiwater.030.2013.db (Download: RIS | Bibtex)

General introduction of HiWATER

  1. Li X, Cheng GD, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Liu QH, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Wen JG, Li HY, Zhu GF, Guo JW, Ran YH, Wang SG, Zhu ZL, Zhou J, Hu XL, Xu ZW. Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER): Scientific objectives and experimental design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2013, 94(8): 1145-1160, 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00154.1.Detail | Download


The dataset is generated from the "Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER)". User must have a clear statement in the article of the original data source and cite the dataset and papers in the Citation section.


  • National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 91125004)

Online Resources

InformationFile list

  • File Format: *.dat
  • Size: 17.74 MB
  • Viewed: 4328
  • Temporal Range: 2012-08-23 to 2012-09-27

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  • Last update: 2017-08-14
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  • Versions: 10