Multi-scale surface flux and meteorological elements observation dataset in the Hai River Basin (Huailai station-automatic weather station-40m tower, 2016)

The data set contains the observation data of 40 m tower automatic weather station from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016. The site is located in donghuayuan Town, Huailai County, Hebei Province. The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 115.7923e, 40.3574n and 480m above sea level.

The automatic weather station is installed on a 40m tower with the acquisition frequency of 30s and output once every 10min. The observation elements include air temperature and relative humidity (3m, 5m, 10m, 15m, 20m, 30m, 40m) in the 7th floor, wind speed (3m, 5m, 10m, 15m, 20m, 30m, 40m) of the 7th floor, wind direction (10m), facing due north; air pressure (installed in waterproof box); rainfall (3m); four component radiation and photosynthetically active radiation (4m), facing due south; infrared surface temperature (8m) The soil temperature and humidity probe is buried 1.5m to the south of the meteorological tower, the soil temperature and humidity probe is buried at 2cm, 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm, and the soil moisture sensor is 2cm, 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm; the average soil temperature is buried in the underground 2, 4cm; soil heat flow The slabs (3 pieces) are buried 6 cm underground.

Processing and quality control of observation data: (1) ensure 144 data per day (every 10 min), if there is data missing, it will be marked by - 6999; (2) eliminate the time with repeated records; (3) delete the data obviously beyond the physical meaning or instrument range; (4) the format of date and time is unified, and the date and time are in the same column. For example, the time is: 2016-6-10 10:30.

The data released by automatic weather station include: date / time, date / time, air temperature (TA)_ 3m, Ta_ 5m, Ta_ 10m, Ta_ 15m, Ta_ 20m, Ta_ 30m, Ta_ 40m) (℃), relative humidity (RH)_ 3m, RH_ 5m, RH_ 10m, RH_ 15m, RH_ 20m, RH_ 30m, RH_ 40m) (%), wind speed (WS_ 3m, Ws_ 5m, Ws_ 10m, Ws_ 15m, Ws_ 20m, Ws_ 30m, Ws_ 40 m (M / s), wind direction (WD) (°), air pressure (HPA), precipitation (mm), four component radiation (DR, ur, DLR, ULR, RN) (w / m2), par (umol / S / m2), surface radiation temperature (IRT)_ 1、IRT_ 2) (℃), soil heat flux (GS)_ 1、Gs_ 2、Gs_ 3) (w / m2), multi-layer soil moisture (MS_ 2cm、Ms_ 4cm、Ms_ 10cm、Ms_ 20cm、Ms_ 40cm、Ms_ 80cm、Ms_ 120cm、Ms_ 160 cm) (%), multilayer soil temperature (TS_ 2cm、Ts_ 4cm、Ts_ 10cm、Ts_ 20cm、Ts_ 40cm、Ts_ 80cm、Ts_ 120cm、Ts_ 160 cm (℃), average soil temperature tcav (℃).

Guo et al, 2020 is used for site introduction and Liu et al, 2013 for data processing

File naming and required software

File name: * * * * station - # # # # station, including * * * * on behalf of the site name, # # # # on behalf of the site types
Data usage: this data is tabular data, which can be opened and viewed by WPS, Ecxel and other software

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Cite as:

LIU Shaomin, XU Ziwei, XIAO Qing. Multi-scale surface flux and meteorological elements observation dataset in the Hai River Basin (Huailai station-automatic weather station-40m tower, 2016). National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, 2019. DOI: 10.3972/haihe.006.2019.db. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Related Literatures:

1. Liu, S.M., Xu, Z.W., Zhu, Z.L., Jia, Z.Z., & Zhu, M.J. (2013). Measurements of evapotranspiration from eddy-covariance systems and large aperture scintillometers in the Hai River Basin, China. Journal of Hydrology, 487, 24-38.( View Details | Download | Bibtex)

2. Guo, A.L., Liu, S.M., Zhu, Z.L., Xu, Z.W., Xiao, Q., Ju, Q., Zhang, Y., & Yang, X.F. (2020). Impact of Lake/Reservoir Expansion and Shrinkage on Energy and Water Vapor Fluxes in the Surrounding Area. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2020JD032833. View Details | Bibtex)

Using this data, the data citation is required to be referenced and the related literatures are suggested to be cited.

References literature

1.Liu, S.M., Xu, Z.W., Song, L.S., Zhao, Q.Y., Ge, Y., Xu, T.R., Ma, Y.F., Zhu, Z.L., Jia, Z.Z., Zhang, F. (2016). Upscaling evapotranspiration measurements from multi-site to the satellite pixel scale over heterogeneous land surfaces. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 230-231, 97-113. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.04.008. (View Details | Download )

2.Liu, S.M., Lu, L., Mao, D., & Jia, L. (2007). Evaluating parameterizations of aerodynamic resistance to heat transfer using field measurements. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 11(2), 769-283. (View Details | Download )

3.Jia, Z.Z., Liu, S.M., Xu, Z.W,, Chen, Y.J., & Zhu, M.J. (2012). Validation of remotely sensed evapotranspiration over the Hai River Basin, China. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D13). (View Details | Download )

4.Liu, S.M., Xu, Z.W., Wang, W.Z., Bai, J., Jia, Z., Zhu, M., & Wang, J.M. (2011). A comparison of eddy-covariance and large aperture scintillometer measurements with respect to the energy balance closure problem. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(4), 1291-1306. doi:10.5194/hess-15-1291-2011. (View Details | Download )

5.Lu, L., Liu, S.M., Xu, Z.W., Yang, K., Cai, X.H., Jia, L., & Wang, J.M. (2009). The characteristics and parameterization of aerodynamic roughness length over heterogeneous surfaces. Advances in atmospheric sciences, 26(1), 180-190. (View Details | Download )

6.Xu, Z.W., Liu, S.M., Li, X., Shi, S.J., Wang, J.M., Zhu, Z.L., Xu, T.R., Wang, W.Z., & Ma, M.G. (2013). Intercomparison of surface energy flux measurement systems used during the HiWATER-MUSOEXE. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 13140-13157. (View Details | Download )

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Example of acknowledgement statement is included below: The data set is provided by National Tibetan Plateau Data Center (

License: This work is licensed under an Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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Geographic coverage
East: 115.79 West: 115.79
South: 40.36 North: 40.36
  • Temporal resolution: Hourly
  • File size: 12 MB
  • Views: 2,581
  • Downloads: 41
  • Access: Requestable
  • Temporal coverage: 2016-01-13 To 2017-01-12
  • Updated time: 2021-04-19
: LIU Shaomin   XU Ziwei   XIAO Qing  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center


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