Current Browsing: Precipitation


Precipitation during the growing season in Pailougou watershed (2011-2013)

Precipitation is one of the elements of meteorological monitoring and a measurement basis of regional precipitation. Precipitation is the only source of water for plants’ survival in mountain areas. Therefore, precipitation is the main link of the forest hydrological cycle. This data only provides precipitation of the Pailugou watershed during the growing season.

2020-07-30

Monthly mean vegetation index and precipitation data set of Heihe River Basin (1961-2010)

The monthly average vegetation index data of Heihe River Basin is based on MODIS 1 km and 250 m NDVI products. From 250 m products, the grid value of Heihe River Basin is proposed as precision control, and the 1 km product is modified by HASM method. The monthly average vegetation index of Heihe River Basin from 2001 to 2011 was obtained by fusing multi-source NDVI data using HASM method. Resolution: 1km * 1km The average precipitation data set of Heihe River Basin adopts the data information of 21 meteorological conventional observation stations in Heihe River Basin and its surrounding areas and 13 national reference stations around Heihe River basin provided by Heihe planning data management center. The daily precipitation data of each station from 1961 to 2010 is calculated. If the coefficient of variation is greater than 100%, the daily precipitation distribution trend can be obtained by using the geographic weighted regression to calculate the relationship between the station and the geographical terrain factors; if the coefficient of variation is less than or equal to 100%, the relationship between the station precipitation value and the geographical terrain factors (longitude, latitude, elevation) is calculated by ordinary least square regression, and the daily precipitation score is obtained HASM (high accuracy surface modeling method) was used to fit and modify the residual error after removing the trend. Finally, the trend surface results and residual correction results are added to get the annual average precipitation distribution of Heihe River Basin from 1961 to 2010. Time resolution: annual average precipitation from 1961 to 2010. Spatial resolution: 500M.

2020-07-30

Downscaling simulations of future precipitation based on CMIP5 outputs over the Heihe River Basin (2011-2100)

Based on the data of downscaling results in the precipitation historical period of CMIP5 (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5), the combined Method of geographical weighted regression and HASM (High Accuracy Surface Modeling Method) was used to analyze the annual mean precipitation in the future three periods of 2011-2040, 2041-2070 and 2071-2100 in the scenario of rcp2.6, rcp4.5 and rcp8.5. Through downscaling simulation and prediction, the 1km downscaling results of the multi-year average precipitation in the three periods of 2011-2040, 2041-2070 and 2071-2100 are obtained.

2020-07-29

Daily rainfall data 1990-2004 of the Heihe River Basin

Data source: China l Meteorological Administration Network; Data Content: Daily Rainfall Data Series of Heihe River Basin from 1990 to 2004; Evaporation Data of Heihe River Basin from 2000 to 2012. Data Spatial Range: Rainfall Data (Yingluoxia, Shandan, Gaoya, Pingchuan, Ganzhou Pingshan Lake, Zhengyixia Gorge, Liyuan River); Evaporation Data (Zhangye, Gaotai, Dingxin, Jiuquan, Jinta, Shandan, Ejina, Hequ)

2020-07-28

Temperature and precipitation dataset in Xinjiang (1961-1990)

The time coverage of this data is (1961-1990). The station data set includes 222 stations of precipitation data and 202 stations of temperature data. In order to fill the meteorological data in the surrounding area of ​​Xinjiang in the study area, this data set uses the Central Asia Temperature and Precipitation Data (1879-2003), and some site data of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Mongolia (Global Historical Climate Network) and CRU dataset, in addition to the Xinjiang Meteorological Data Set, Qinghai, and Gansu Daily Data. There is a large amount of missing data in the used dataset, which will affect the accuracy of the grid data generated by the extrapolation method. Therefore, this article deletes sites with consecutive missing years, and uses sites adjacent to the site to replace missing sites with fewer years (less than 3 years). For sites where the spatial distribution of sites is too sparse, BP neural network is used to fit and reconstruct sites with severely missing data, such as Tazhong (51747), Andi Township (51848), and Hangya (51915). Based on the pre-processed data, the interpolation method of this data set is the Cressman objective analysis method. The monthly average temperature and monthly precipitation are extrapolated to the study area, and the grid period observation data with a horizontal resolution of 0.5 ° is obtained. This data contains two files: temperature data of xinjiangtemp.nc and precipitation data of xinjiangpre2.nc.

2020-07-15

Meteorological data of the integrated observation and research station of Ngari for desert environment (2009-2017)

The data set includes meteorological data from the Ngari Desert Observation and Research Station from 2009 to 2017. It includes the following basic meteorological parameters: temperature (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: Celsius), relative humidity (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: %), wind speed (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: m/s), wind direction (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: degrees), atmospheric pressure (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: hPa), precipitation (once every 24 hours, unit: mm), water vapour pressure (unit: kPa), evaporation (unit: mm), downward shortwave radiation (unit: W/m2), upward shortwave radiation (unit: W/m2), downward longwave radiation (unit: W/m2), upward longwave radiation (unit: W/m2), net radiation (unit: W/m2), surface albedo (unit: %). The temporal resolution of the data is one day. The data were directly downloaded from the Ngari automatic weather station. The precipitation data represent daily precipitation measured by the automatic rain and snow gauge and corrected based on manual observations. The other observation data are the daily mean value of the measurements taken every half hour. Instrument models of different observations: temperature and humidity: HMP45C air temperature and humidity probe; precipitation: T200-B rain and snow gauge sensor; wind speed and direction: Vaisala 05013 wind speed and direction sensor; net radiation: Kipp Zonen NR01 net radiation sensor; atmospheric pressure: Vaisala PTB210 atmospheric pressure sensor; collector model: CR 1000; acquisition interval: 30 minutes. The data table is processed and quality controlled by a particular person based on observation records. Observations and data acquisition are carried out in strict accordance with the instrument operating specifications, and some data with obvious errors are removed when processing the data table.

2020-06-24

Monthly standard weather station dataset in Sanjiangyuan (1957-2015)

Monthly meteorological data of Sanjiangyuan includes 32 national standard meteorological stations. There are 26 variables: average local pressure, extreme maximum local pressure, date of extreme maximum local pressure, extreme minimum local pressure, date of extreme minimum local pressure, average temperature, extreme maximum temperature, date of extreme maximum temperature, extreme minimum temperature and date of extreme minimum temperature, average temperature anomaly, average maximum temperature, average minimum temperature, sunshine hours, percentage of sunshine, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, date of occurrence of minimum relative humidity, precipitation, days of daily precipitation >=0.1mm, maximum daily precipitation, date of maximum daily precipitation, percentage of precipitation anomaly, average wind speed, maximum wind speed, date of maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed and occurrence date of maximum wind speed. The data format is txt, named by the site ID, and each file has 26 columns. The names and units of each column are explained in the SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_MON_readme.txt file. site_id lat lon elv name_cn 52754 37.33 100.13 8301.50 Gangcha 52833 36.92 98.48 7950.00 Wulan 52836 36.30 98.10 3191.10 Dulan 52856 36.27 100.62 2835.00 Qiapuqia 52866 36.72 101.75 2295.20 Xining 52868 36.03 101.43 2237.10 Guizhou 52908 35.22 93.08 4612.20 Wudaoliang 52943 35.58 99.98 3323.20 Xinghai 52955 35.58 100.75 8120.00 Guinan 52974 35.52 102.02 2491.40 Tongren 56004 34.22 92.43 4533.10 Togton He 56018 32.90 95.30 4066.40 Zaduo 56021 34.13 95.78 4175.00 Qumalai 56029 33.02 97.02 3681.20 Yushu 56033 34.92 98.22 4272.30 Maduo 56034 33.80 97.13 4415.40 Qingshui River 56038 32.98 98.10 9200.00 Shiqu 56043 34.47 100.25 3719.00 Guoluo 56046 33.75 99.65 3967.50 Dari 56065 34.73 101.60 8500.00 Henan 56067 33.43 101.48 3628.50 Jiuzhi 56074 34.00 102.08 3471.40 Maqu 56080 35.00 102.90 2910.00 Hezuo 56106 31.88 93.78 4022.80 Suo County 56116 31.42 95.60 3873.10 Dingqing 56125 32.20 96.48 3643.70 Nangqian 56128 31.22 96.60 3810.00 Leiwuqi 56137 31.15 97.17 3306.00 Changdu 56151 32.93 100.75 8530.00 Banma 56152 32.28 100.33 8893.90 Seda

2020-06-24

Daily standard weather station dataset in Sanjiangyuan region (1981-2015)

The files in this data set are named as: 1. Pressure of the station: SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_DAY-PRS-10004-SITEID.TXT 2. Temperature: SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_DAY-TEM-12001-SITEID.TXT 3. Relative humidity: SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_DAY-RHU-13003-SITEID.TXT 4. Precipitation: SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_DAY-PRE-13011-SITEID.TXT 5. Evaporation: SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_DAY-EVP-13240-SITEID.TXT 6. Wind direction and wind speed: SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_DAY-WIN-11002-SITEID.TXT 7. Sunshine: SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_DAY-SSD-14032-SITEID.TXT 8.0cm Ground Temperature: SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_DAY-GST-12030-0cm-SITEID.TXT Detailed format descriptions for each data file are given in the SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_DAY_FORMAT.doc file. The meteorological site information contained in this data set is as follows: Site_id lat lon ELV name_En 52754 37.33 100.13 8301.50 Gangcha 52833 36.92 98.48 7950.00 Uran 52836 36.30 98.10 3191.10 Dulan 52856 36.27 100.62 2835.00 Chabcha 52866 36.72 101.75 2295.20 Xining 52868 36.03 101.43 2237.10 Guizhou 52908 35.22 93.08 4612.20 Wu Daoliang 52943 35.58 99.98 3323.20 Xinghai 52955 35.58 100.75 8120.00 Guinan 52974 35.52 102.02 2491.40 Tongren 56004 34.22 92.43 4533.10 Toto River 56018 32.90 95.30 4066.40 Zaduo 56021 34.13 95.78 4175.00 Qumalai 56029 33.02 97.02 3681.20 Yushu 56033 34.92 98.22 4272.30 Maddo 56034 33.80 97.13 4415.40 Qingshui River 56038 32.98 98 98.10 9200.00 Shiqu 56 043 34.47 100.25 3719.00 Golo 56 046 33.75 99.65 3967.50 Dari 56065 34.73 101.60 8500.00 Henan 56 067 33.43 101.48 3628.50 Jiuzhi 56074 34.00 102.08 3471.40 Marqu 56080 35.00 102.90 2910.00 Hezuo 56106 31.88 93.78 4022.80 Suoxian 56116 31.42 95.60 3873.10 Ding Qing 56125 32.20 96.48 3643.70 Xiangqian 56128. 31.22. 96.60. 3810.00 Leiwuqi 56 137 31.15 97.17 3306.00 Changdu 56151 32.93 100.75 8530.00 Banma 56152 32.28 100.33 8893.90 Saida

2020-06-23

China meteorological assimilation driving datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.1 (2008-2016)

CMADS V1.1(The China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.1) Version of the data set introduced the STMAS assimilation algorithm. It was constructed using multiple technologies and scientific methods, including loop nesting of data, projection of resampling models, and bilinear interpolation. The CMADS series of datasets can be used to drive various hydrological models, such as SWAT, the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model, and the Storm Water Management model (SWMM). It also allows users to conveniently extract a wide range of meteorological elements for detailed climatic analyses. Data sources for the CMADS series include nearly 40,000 regional automatic stations under China’s 2,421 national automatic and business assessment centres. This ensures that the CMADS datasets have wide applicability within the country, and that data accuracy was vastly improved. The CMADS series of datasets has undergone finishing and correction to match the specific format of input and driving data of SWAT models. This reduces the volume of complex work that model builders have to deal with. An index table of the various elements encompassing all of East Asia was also established for SWAT models. This allows the models to utilize the datasets directly, thus eliminating the need for any format conversion or calculations using weather generators. Consequently, significant improvements to the modelling speed and output accuracy of SWAT models were achieved. Most of the source data in the CMADS datasets are derived from CLDAS in China and other reanalysis data in the world. The integration of air temperature (2m), air pressure, humidity, and wind speed data (10m) was mainly achieved through the LAPS/STMAS system. Precipitation data were stitched using CMORPH’s global precipitation products and the National Meteorological Information Center’s data of China (which is based on CMORPH’s integrated precipitation products). The latter contains daily precipitation records observed at 2,400 national meteorological stations and the CMORPH satellite’s inversion precipitation products.The inversion algorithm for incoming solar radiation at the ground surface makes use of the discrete longitudinal method by Stamnes et al.(1988)to calculate radiation transmission. The resolutions for CMADS V1.0, V1.1, V1.2, and V1.3 were 1/3°, 1/4°, 1/8°, and 1/16°, respectively. In CMADS V1.0 (at a spatial resolution of 1/3°), East Asia was spatially divided into 195 × 300 grid points containing 58,500 stations. Despite being at the same spatial resolution as CMADS V1.0, CMADS V1.1 contains more data, with 260 × 400 grid points containing 104,000 stations. For both versions, the stations’ daily data include average solar radiation, average temperature (2m), average pressure, maximum and minimum temperature (2m), specific humidity, cumulative precipitation, and average wind speed (10m). The CMADS comprises other variables for any hydrological model(under 'For-other-model' folder): Daily Average Temperature (2m), Daily Maximum Temperature (2m), Daily Minimum Temperature (2m), Daily cumulative precipitation (20-20h), Daily average Relative Humidity, Daily average Specific Humidity, Daily average Solar Radiation, Daily average Wind (10m), and Daily average Atmospheric Pressure. Introduction to metadata of CMADS CMADS storage path description:(CMADS was divided into two datesets) 1.CMADS-V1.0\For-swat\ --specifically driving the SWAT model 2.CMADS-V1.0\For-other-model\ --specifically driving the other hydrological model(VIC,SWMM,etc.) CMADS--\For-swat-2009\ folder contain:(Station\ and Fork\) 1).Station\ Relative-Humidity-58500\ Daily average relative humidity(fraction) Precipitation-58500\ Daily accumulated 24-hour precipitation(mm) Solar radiation-58500\ Daily average solar radiation(MJ/m2) Tmperature-58500\ Daily maximum and minimum 2m temperature(℃) Wind-58500\ Daily average 10m wind speed(m/s) Where R, P, S, T, W+ dimensional grid number - the number of longitude grid is the station in the above five folders respectively.(Where R,P,S,T,W respective Daily average relative humidity,Daily cumulative precipitation(24h),Daily mean solar radiation(MJ/m2),Daily maximum and minimum temperature(℃) and Daily mean wind speed (m/s)) respectively.Data format is (.dbf) 2).Fork\ (Station index table over East Asia) PCPFORK.txt (Precipitation index table) RHFORK.txt (Relative humidity index table) SORFORK.txt (Solar radiation index table) TMPFORK.txt (Temperature index table) WINDFORK.txt (Wind speed index) CMADS--\For-swat-2012\ folder contain:(Station\ and Fork\) Storage structure is consistency with \For-swat- 2009\.However, all the data in this directory are only available in TXT format and can be readed by SWAT2012. 3)\For-other-model\ (Includes all weather input data required by the any hydrologic model (daily).) Atmospheric-Pressure-txt\ Daily average atmospheric pressure(hPa) Average-Temperature-txt\ Daily average 2m temperature(℃) Maximum-Temperature-txt\ Daily maximum 2m temperature(℃) Minimum-Temperature-txt\ Daily minimum 2m temperature(℃) Precipitation-txt\ Daily accumulated 24-hour precipitation (mm) Relative-Humidity-txt\ Daily average relative humidity(fraction) Solar-Radiation-txt\ Daily average solar radiation(MJ/m2) Specific-Humidity-txt\ Daily average Specific Humidity(g/kg) Wind-txt\ Daily average 10m wind speed(m/s) Data storage information: data set storage format is .dbf and .txt Other data information: Total data:45GB Occupied space: 50GB Time: From year 2008 to year 2014 Time resolution: Daily Geographical scope description: East Asia Longitude: 60° E The most east longitude: 160°E North latitude: 65°N Most southern latitude: 0°N Number of stations: 58500 stations Spatial resolution: 1/3 * 1/3 * grid points Vertical range: None

2020-06-23

China meteorological assimilation driving datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.0 (2008-2016)

CMADS V1.0(The China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.0)Version of the data set introduces the technology of STMAS assimilation algorithm . It was constructed using multiple technologies and scientific methods, including loop nesting of data, projection of resampling models, and bilinear interpolation. The CMADS series of datasets can be used to drive various hydrological models, such as SWAT, the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model, and the Storm Water Management model (SWMM). It also allows users to conveniently extract a wide range of meteorological elements for detailed climatic analyses. Data sources for the CMADS series include nearly 40,000 regional automatic stations under China’s 2,421 national automatic and business assessment centres. This ensures that the CMADS datasets have wide applicability within the country, and that data accuracy was vastly improved. The CMADS series of datasets has undergone finishing and correction to match the specific format of input and driving data of SWAT models. This reduces the volume of complex work that model builders have to deal with. An index table of the various elements encompassing all of East Asia was also established for SWAT models. This allows the models to utilize the datasets directly, thus eliminating the need for any format conversion or calculations using weather generators. Consequently, significant improvements to the modelling speed and output accuracy of SWAT models were achieved. Most of the source data in the CMADS datasets are derived from CLDAS in China and other reanalysis data in the world. The integration of air temperature, air pressure, humidity, and wind velocity data was mainly achieved through the LAPS/STMAS system. Precipitation data were stitched using CMORPH’s global precipitation products and the National Meteorological Information Center’s data of China (which is based on CMORPH’s integrated precipitation products). The latter contains daily precipitation records observed at 2,400 national meteorological stations and the CMORPH satellite’s inversion precipitation products.The inversion algorithm for incoming solar radiation at the ground surface makes use of the discrete longitudinal method by Stamnes et al.(1988)to calculate radiation transmission. The resolutions for CMADS V1.0, V1.1, V1.2, and V1.3 were 1/3°, 1/4°, 1/8°, and 1/16°, respectively. In CMADS V1.0 (at a spatial resolution of 1/3°), East Asia was spatially divided into 195 × 300 grid points containing 58,500 stations. Despite being at the same spatial resolution as CMADS V1.0, CMADS V1.1 contains more data, with 260 × 400 grid points containing 104,000 stations. For both versions, the stations’ daily data include average solar radiation, average temperature, average pressure, maximum and minimum temperature, specific humidity, cumulative precipitation, and average wind velocity. The CMADS comprises other variables for any hydrological model(under 'For-other-model' folder ): Daily Average Temperature, Daily Maximum Temperature, Daily Minimum Temperature, Daily cumulative precipitation (20-20h), Daily average Relative Humidity, Daily average Specific Humidity, Daily average Solar Radiation, Daily average Wind, and Daily average Atmospheric Pressure. Introduction to metadata of CMADS CMADS storage path description:(CMADS was divided into two datesets) 1.CMADS-V1.0\For-swat\ --specifically driving the SWAT model 2.CMADS-V1.0\For-other-model\ --specifically driving the other hydrological model(VIC,SWMM,etc.) CMADS--\For-swat-2009\ folder contain:(Station\ and Fork\) 1).Station\ Relative-Humidity-58500\ Daily average relative humidity(fraction) Precipitation-58500\ Daily accumulated 24-hour precipitation(mm) Solar radiation-58500\ Daily average solar radiation(MJ/m2) Tmperature-58500\ Daily maximum and minimum temperature(℃) Wind-58500\ Daily average wind speed(m/s) Where R, P, S, T, W+ dimensional grid number - the number of longitude grid is the station in the above five folders respectively.(Where R,P,S,T,W respective Daily average relative humidity,Daily cumulative precipitation(24h),Daily mean solar radiation(MJ/m2),Daily maximum and minimum temperature(℃) and Daily mean wind speed (m/s)) respectively.Data format is (.dbf) 2).Fork\ (Station index table over East Asia) PCPFORK.txt (Precipitation index table) RHFORK.txt (Relative humidity index table) SORFORK.txt (Solar radiation index table) TMPFORK.txt (Temperature index table) WINDFORK.txt (Wind speed index) CMADS--\For-swat-2012\ folder contain:(Station\ and Fork\) Storage structure is consistency with \For-swat- 2009\.However, all the data in this directory are only available in TXT format and can be readed by SWAT2012. 3)\For-other-model\ (Includes all weather input data required by the any hydrologic model (daily).) Atmospheric-Pressure-txt\ Daily average atmospheric pressure(hPa) Average-Temperature-txt\ Daily average temperature(℃) Maximum-Temperature-txt\ Daily maximum temperature(℃) Minimum-Temperature-txt\ Daily minimum temperature(℃) Precipitation-txt\ Daily accumulated 24-hour precipitation (mm) Relative-Humidity-txt\ Daily average relative humidity(fraction) Solar-Radiation-txt\ Daily average solar radiation(MJ/m2) Specific-Humidity-txt\ Daily average Specific Humidity(g/kg) Wind-txt\ Daily average wind speed(m/s) Data storage information: data set storage format is .dbf and .txt Other data information: Total data: 33.6GB Occupied space: 35.2GB Time: From year 2008 to year 2016 Time resolution: Daily Geographical scope description: East Asia Longitude: 60°E The most east longitude: 160°E North latitude: 65°N Most southern latitude: 0°N Number of stations: 58500 stations Spatial resolution: 1/3 * 1/3 * grid points Vertical range: None

2020-06-23