The GCMs dataset used in this dataset is CMIP3 comparison plan data (A1B (Medium Carbon Emissions, Global Common Development Scenarios that Focus on Economic Growth), A2 (High Carbon Emissions, Focus on Regional development scenarios for economic growth) and B1 (low carbon emissions, global common development scenarios that emphasize environmentally sustainable development) from the 24 GCM outputs in IPCC AR4 provided by PCMDI. This dataset uses the Delta method for downscaling, uses the 20C3M dataset from 1961 to 1990 as a reference, and uses the SRES dataset from 2010 to 2099 as the future scenario.
The monthly precipitation data set of China's alpine mountains includes the qilian mountains (1960-2013), tianshan mountains (1954-2013) and Yangtze river source (1957-2014). The distributed hydrological model needs high-precision spatial distribution information of precipitation as input.Because of the scarcity of stations, the precipitation interpolation at stations cannot reflect the spatial distribution of precipitation in the alpine mountainous areas.Generation method of this dataset: (1) collect precipitation data of national meteorological stations and hydrological stations in various regions, and add precipitation observation data of field stations of Chinese academy of sciences above an altitude of 4000m; (2) use the temperature data of each station to correct the collected precipitation data of different precipitation types; (3) establish the relationship between precipitation data and altitude, longitude and latitude, and fit monthly to generate monthly precipitation data set of 1km scale. The interpolation year of this data is 1954-2014. The data projection method is Albers projection. The spatial interpolation precision is 1-km, and the time precision is monthly data.The results show that the interpolation precipitation is reliable. The data is stored in ASCII files. The file names of the monthly precipitation data files of tianshan mountain and Yangtze river source are in the form yyyymm.txt. YYYY is the year and MM is the month.The monthly precipitation data of qilian mountain is named as: month_10001.txt, this file is the precipitation data of January 1960, successively month_10002.txt is the precipitation of February 1960, and month_10013.txt is the precipitation data of January 1961,......Month_10648.txt represents the precipitation data for December 2013.Each ASCII file represents the grid precipitation data of the day in mm.
This data set includes the observation data of 40 water net sensor network nodes in Babao River Basin in the upper reaches of Heihe River since January 2014. Soil moisture of 4cm, 10cm and 20cm is the basic observation of each node; 19 nodes include the observation of soil moisture and surface infrared radiation temperature; 11 nodes include the observation of soil moisture, surface infrared radiation temperature, snow depth and precipitation. The observation frequency is 5 minutes. The data set can be used for hydrological simulation, data assimilation and remote sensing verification. Please refer to "waternet data document 20141206. Docx" for details
This data set includes the observation data of 40 water net sensor network nodes in Babao River Basin in the upper reaches of Heihe River since the end of June 2013. Soil moisture of 4cm, 10cm and 20cm is the basic observation of each node; 19 nodes include the observation of soil moisture and surface infrared radiation temperature; 11 nodes include the observation of soil moisture, surface infrared radiation temperature, snow depth and precipitation. The observation frequency is 5 minutes. The data set can be used for hydrological simulation, data assimilation and remote sensing verification.
The meteorological field is located in 2700m grassland in the Pailougou watershed of Qilian Mountain. The date of data recording is from May 2013 to September 2013, including air humidity at 1.5m, air temperature at 3.0m, atmospheric pressure at 2.8m, precipitation at 1.3m, wind speed at 2.2m and total solar radiation at 3.1m. The units are%, ℃, PA, m, m/s and W·m-2, respectively.
This data comes from the Tianlaochi watershed sample plot. The vegetation types of the sample plot are grassland, shrub, Sabina przewalskii and Picea crassifolia. The self-made Lysimeter is mainly used to observe the soil evapotranspiration characteristics in Picea crassifolia forestry. To provide basic data for the development of watershed evapotranspiration model. At about 19:00 every day, an electronic scale with an accuracy of 1g is used to weigh the inner barrel. In case of rain, observe whether there is leakage in the leakage barrel. If there is leakage, measure the leakage amount in the leakage barrel as well. The observation period in 2011 is from May 30 to September 10. The observation period in 2012 is from June 11 to September 10. Observation instrument: 1) standard 20cm diameter rain tube rain gauge. 2) self-made lysimeter (diameter 30.5cm, barrel height 28.5). 3) Electronic balance (accuracy: 0.1g) used to observe the weight change of self-made lysimeter.
1、 Data overview The sampling period of this data set is from June 17, 2012 to August 13, 2012. The sampling location is in the Institute of ecological hydrology experiment and research, Institute of cold and drought, Chinese Academy of Sciences, hulugou small watershed. The longitude and latitude of the sampling point are 99 ° 53 ′ 06.66 ″ e, 38 ° 16 ′ 18.35 ″ n. 2、 Data content This data is obtained by using the hash DR2800 ultraviolet spectrophotometer to test the rainwater obtained from the rain gauge. This data contains silica values for three rainfall periods.
This data set is the precipitation characteristic data in the precipitation interception data of alpine shrub in hulugou basin in the upper reaches of Heihe River in 2012. The observation date is from October 2, 2011 to September 24, 2012. The observation contents include precipitation, precipitation duration, precipitation intensity and frequency of throughfall. The observation data are recorded by self recording rain gauge and artificial rain gauge.
In east Asia, institute of atmospheric physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences key laboratory of regional climate and environment development of regional integration environment with independent copyright system model RIEMS 2.0, on the basis of the regional climate model RIEMS 2.0 in the United States center for atmospheric research and the development of the university of binzhou mesoscale model (MM5) is a static dynamic framework, coupled with some physical processes needed for the study climate solutions.These processes include the biosphere - atmosphere transmission solutions, using FC80 closed Grell cumulus parameterization scheme, MRF planetary boundary condition and modify the CCM3 radiation, such as the heihe river basin observation and remote sensing data of important parameters in the model for second rate, USES the heihe river basin vegetation data list data of land use in 2000 and 30 SEC DEM data in heihe river basin, build up suitable for the study of heihe river basin ecological - hydrological processes of the regional climate model. Drive field: ERA-INTERIM reanalysis data Spatial scope: the grid center of the simulation area is located at (40.30n, 99.50e), the horizontal resolution is 3 km, and the number of simulated grid points in the model is 161 (meridional) X 201 (zonal). Projection: LAMBERT conformal projection, two standard latitudes of 30N and 60N. Time range: from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2016, with an interval of 6 hours Description of file contents: monthly storage by grads without format.Except the maximum and minimum temperature as the daily scale, the other variables are all 6-hour data. MATLAB can be used to read, visible tmax_erain_xiong_heihe.m file description. Data description of heihe river basin: 1) Anemometer west wind (m/s) college usurf for short 2) Anemometer south wind(m/s), vsurf for short College 3) Anemometer temperature (deg) K tsurf College 4) maximal temperature (deg) K tmax 5) minimal temperature (deg K) abbreviated as tmin 6) college Anemom specific humidity (g/kg) college qsurf for short 7) value (mm/hr) is simply value p College 8) Accumulated evaporation (mm/hr) evap 9) sensible heat (watts/m**2/hr) for short College 10) Accumulated net infrared radiation (watts/m * * 2 / hr) netrad for short College definition file name: -erain-xiong. Month and year
The distributed eco hydrological model needs high-precision precipitation spatial distribution information as input. Due to the scarcity of stations, the station interpolation precipitation can not reflect the spatial distribution of precipitation in Heihe mountain area. The regional climate model (RCM) simulation results provide the information of precipitation elevation relationship at different locations. The relationship is corrected according to the observed precipitation elevation gradient of hulugou watershed, and the precipitation elevation gradient at different locations of the watershed is obtained. Based on the gradient and the multi-year average value of precipitation observed at the station, the precipitation climate background field is established to represent the multi-year average spatial distribution of precipitation in the basin. Then, based on the daily precipitation observation data of 16 meteorological stations and 25 hydrological stations, and the precipitation spatial distribution information provided by the precipitation climate background field, the daily grid precipitation data is obtained by interpolation. The interpolation year of this data is 1960-2014, the spatial interpolation precision is 3-km, and the time precision is day by day data (the daily period is from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 a.m. the next day). The results show that the interpolation precipitation is reliable. The data is stored in ASCII file. The file name of each file is in the form of precyyyymmdd.asc. Yyyy is the year, mm is the month and DD is the day. Each ASCII file represents the grid precipitation data of the day, in mm.
Contact SupportNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS 0931-4967287 email@example.com
LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center