Current Browsing: 2014


HiWATER: WATERNET observation dataset in the upper reaches of the Heihe River Basin (2014)

This data set includes the observation data of 40 water net sensor network nodes in Babao River Basin in the upper reaches of Heihe River since January 2014. Soil moisture of 4cm, 10cm and 20cm is the basic observation of each node; 19 nodes include the observation of soil moisture and surface infrared radiation temperature; 11 nodes include the observation of soil moisture, surface infrared radiation temperature, snow depth and precipitation. The observation frequency is 5 minutes. The data set can be used for hydrological simulation, data assimilation and remote sensing verification. Please refer to "waternet data document 20141206. Docx" for details

2020-03-13

HiWATER: Net Primary Productivity product of the Heihe River Basin

Biological productivity refers to the material production capacity of organisms and their groups or even larger scale (including ecosystem and biosphere). It changes with the environment. Therefore, it becomes an indicator of environmental change and the health of the earth system. Net primary productivity (NPP) of vegetation refers to the remaining part of total organic matter (GPP) produced by photosynthesis of green plants in unit time unit area after deducting autotrophic respiration (RA). The NPP products in Heihe River Basin mainly focus on the important parameters par and FPAR of the model of light energy utilization, and improve the algorithm and product production. The FPAR inversion model that distinguishes the direct radiation from the scattered radiation and the par inversion method based on the combination of static and polar orbit satellites are proposed. Finally, the net primary productivity data set of Heihe River Basin is produced by using the light utilization model. The algorithm improves the temporal and spatial resolution of data products, and the accuracy of products is also significantly improved.

2020-03-13

HiWATER: Dataset of emissivity of typical terrain over Heihe River Basin (2014.03.25-2015.06.30)

This data set is typical specific emissivity data set of Heihe River Basin. Data observation is from March 25, 2014 to June 30, 2015. Instrument: Portable Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (102f), hand-held infrared thermometer Measurement method: 102f was used to measure the radiation values of cold blackbody, warm blackbody, observation target and gold plate. Using the radiation value of the cold and warm blackbody, the 102f is calibrated to eliminate the influence of the instrument's own emission. By using the iterative inversion algorithm based on smoothness, the specific emissivity and the object temperature are inversed. The specific emissivity range is 8-14 μ m, and the resolution is 4cm-1. This data set contains the original radiation curves (in ASCII format) and recording files of cold blackbody, warm blackbody, measured target and gold plate obtained by 102f.

2020-03-13

HiWATER: 30m month compositing vegetation index (NDVI/EVI) product of Heihe River Basin (2011-2014)

The 30 m / month vegetation index (NDVI / EVI) data set of Heihe River basin provides the monthly NDVI / EVI composite products from 2011 to 2014. This data uses the characteristics of HJ / CCD data of China's domestic satellite, which has both high time resolution (2 days after Networking) and spatial resolution (30 m), to construct multi angle observation data set. The average composite MC method is used as the main algorithm for synthesis, and the backup algorithm uses VI method. At the same time, the main observation angles of the multi-source data set are used as part of the quality descriptor to help analyze the angle effect of the composite vegetation index residue. The remote sensing data acquired every month can provide more angles and more observations than the single day sensor data, but the quality of multi-phase and multi angle observation data is uneven due to the difference of on orbit operation time and performance of the sensor. Therefore, in order to effectively use the multi-temporal and multi angle observation data, before using the multi-source data set to synthesize the vegetation index, the algorithm designs the data quality inspection of the multi-source data set, removing the observation with large error and inconsistent observation. The verification results in the middle reaches of Heihe River show that the NDVI / EVI composite results of the combined multi temporal and multi angle observation data are in good agreement with the ground measured data (R2 = 0.89, RMSE = 0.092). In a word, the 30 m / month NDVI / EVI data set of Heihe River Basin comprehensively uses multi temporal and multi angle observation data to improve the estimation accuracy and time resolution of parameter products, so as to realize the stable standardized products from scratch and better serve the application of remote sensing data products.

2020-03-13

HiWATER: 30m month compositing Leaf Area Index (LAI) product of the Heihe River Basin

The 30 m / month synthetic leaf area index (LAI) data set of Heihe River basin provides the monthly Lai synthetic products from 2011 to 2014. This data uses the domestic satellite HJ / CCD data with high time resolution (2 days after Networking) and spatial resolution (30 m) to construct the multi angle observation data set. Considering the impact of surface classification and terrain fluctuation, the algorithm is selected according to the characteristics of different vegetation types Choosing a suitable parameterization scheme of integrated model, inversion Lai based on look-up table method. The remote sensing data acquired every month can provide more angles and more observations than the single day sensor data, but the quality of multi-phase and multi angle observation data is uneven due to the difference of on orbit operation time and performance of the sensor. Therefore, in order to effectively use multi temporal and multi angle observation data, a data quality inspection scheme is designed. Using the Lai ground observation data of 9 forest quadrats, 20 farmland quadrats and 14 savanna quadrats from dayokou area in the upper reaches of Heihe River and Yingke and Linze areas in the middle reaches to verify the Lai in July, the inversion results are in good agreement with the measurement results, and the average error is less than 1; in addition, the Lai inversion results of the combined multi temporal and multi angle observation data are in good agreement with the ground measurement data (R2=0.9,RMSE=0.42)。 In a word, the 30 m / month synthetic leaf area index (LAI) data set of Heihe River Basin comprehensively uses multi temporal and multi angle observation data to improve the estimation accuracy and time resolution of parameter products, so as to better serve the application of remote sensing data products.

2020-03-13

HiWATER: 30m month compositing Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR) product of the Heihe River Basin

The 30 m / month synthetic photosynthetic effective radiation absorption ratio (fAPAR) data set of Heihe River basin provides the monthly Lai synthetic products from 2011 to 2014. This data uses the characteristics of HJ / CCD data of China's domestic satellite, which has both high time resolution (2 days after Networking) and spatial resolution (30 m), to construct multi angle observation data set, considering different vegetation types, based on land cover classification map, combined with 30 m /Monthly synthetic leaf area index (LAI) products were produced by fapar-p model based on energy conservation. Based on the principle of energy conservation, the algorithm considers the multiple bounces between vegetation, soil and vegetation, as well as the influence of various factors such as sky scattered light. By analyzing the process of the interaction between photons and canopy, from the point of view that the movement of photons in the canopy is equal to the probability of re collision when multiple scattering occurs, a uniform and continuous vegetation fAPAR model is established. In addition, the effects of various factors on the fAPAR model were analyzed, including soil and leaf reflectance, aggregation index, and G function. The algorithm is highly dynamic, and can get better results for different soil background, vegetation type, radiation conditions, light and observation geometry, weather conditions. Compared with the data of corn canopy par measurement in Yingke irrigation area of Zhangye City, Gansu Province on July 8, 2012, the 30 m / month fAPAR product has a high consistency with the ground observation data, and the error with the observation value is less than 5%. In a word, the 30 m / month synthetic photosynthetic effective radiation absorption ratio (fAPAR) data set of Heihe River Basin comprehensively uses the multi temporal and multi angle observation data to improve the estimation accuracy and time resolution of parameter products, and better serves the application of remote sensing data products.

2020-03-13

HiWATER: 1km/5day compositing vegetation index (NDVI/EVI) product of the Heihe River Basin (2011-2014)

The 1km / 5day vegetation index (NDVI / EVI) data set of Heihe River basin provides a 5-day resolution NDVI / EVI composite product from 2011 to 2014. The data uses the characteristics of FY-3 data, a domestic satellite, with high time resolution (1 day) and spatial resolution (1km), to construct a multi angle observation data set, which is the basis for analyzing multi-source data sets and existing composite vegetation index products and algorithms On the basis of this, an algorithm system of global composite vegetation index production based on multi-source data set is proposed. The vegetation index synthesis algorithm of MODIS is basically adopted, that is, the algorithm system of BRDF angle normalization method, cv-mvc method and MVC method based on the semi empirical walthal model. Using the algorithm system, the composite vegetation index is calculated for the first level data and the second level data, and the quality is identified. Multi-source data sets can provide more angles and more observations than a single sensor in a limited time. However, due to the difference of on orbit running time and performance of sensors, the observation quality of multi-source data sets is uneven. Therefore, in order to make more effective use of multi-source data sets, the algorithm system first classifies the quality of multi-source data sets, which can be divided into primary data, secondary data and tertiary data according to the observation rationality. The third level data are observations polluted by thin clouds and are not used for calculation. In the middle reaches of Heihe River, the verification results of farmland and forest areas show that the NDVI / EVI composite results of combined multi temporal and multi angle observation data are in good agreement with the ground measured data (RMSE = 0.105). Compared with the time series of MODIS mod13a2 product, it fully shows that when the time resolution is increased from 16 days to 5 days, a stable and high-precision vegetation index can describe the details of vegetation growth in detail. In a word, the NDVI / EVI data set of Heihe River Basin, which is 1km / 5day, comprehensively uses multi temporal and multi angle observation data to improve the estimation accuracy and time resolution of parameter products and better serves the application of remote sensing data products.

2020-03-13

HiWATER: 1km/5day compositing Fraction Vegetation Cover (FVC) product of Heihe River Basin

The 1 km / 5-day FVC data set of Heihe River basin provides the 5-day FVC synthesis results from 2011 to 2014. The data uses the data of Terra / MODIS, Aqua / MODIS, and domestic satellites fy3a / MERSI and fy3b / MERSI to build a multi-source remote sensing data set with a spatial resolution of 1 km and a time resolution of 5 days. The whole country is divided into different vegetation divisions and land types, and the conversion coefficient of NDVI and FVC is calculated respectively. The conversion coefficient look-up table and 1km / 5-day synthetic NDVI product production area 1km / 5-day synthetic FVC product are used. In the Heihe River Basin, 1 km / 5-day synthetic FVC products can directly obtain vegetation coverage ratio through high-resolution data to reduce the impact of low-resolution data heterogeneity; in addition, select the typical period of vegetation growth and change, obtain the corresponding growth curve parameters of each pixel by fitting the vegetation index of each pixel time series; and then cooperate with land use map and vegetation classification map, To find the representative uniform pixel of the region to train the conversion coefficient of vegetation index. Compared with the results of high-resolution aster reference FVC in Heihe River Basin, the first step is to aggregate the aster products in Heihe River basin to 1km scale by combining the measured ground data and using the scale up method, and to obtain the aster aggregate FVC data, which is based on spot vegetation remote sensing data released by geoland 2 project (geov1 for short) The results show that the results of geov1 are higher than those of ASTER image combined with ground measurement, and the results of 1 km / 5-day synthetic FVC products in Heihe River Basin are between the two, and the results of 1 km / 5-day synthetic FVC products in Heihe River Basin in the experimental area are better than those of geov1 products. In a word, the comprehensive utilization of multi-source remote sensing data to improve the estimation accuracy and time resolution of FVC parameter products can better serve the application of remote sensing data products.

2020-03-13

HiWATER: 1km/5day compositing Leaf Area Index (LAI) product of the Heihe River Basin (2010-2014)

The 1 km / 5-day Lai data set of Heihe River basin provides the 5-day Lai synthesis results of 2010-2014. The data uses Terra / MODIS, Aqua / MODIS, as well as domestic satellites fy3a / MERSI and fy3b / MERSI sensor data to build a multi-source remote sensing data set with a spatial resolution of 1 km and a time resolution of 5 days. Multi-source remote sensing data sets can provide more angles and more observations than a single sensor in a limited time. However, due to the difference of on orbit running time and performance of sensors, the observation quality of multi-source data sets is uneven. Therefore, in order to make more effective use of multi-source data sets, the algorithm first classifies the quality of multi-source data sets, which can be divided into first level data, second level data and third level data according to the observation rationality. The third level data are observations polluted by thin clouds and are not used for calculation. The purpose of quality evaluation and classification is to provide the basis for the selection of the optimal data set and the design of inversion algorithm flow. Leaf area index product inversion algorithm is designed to distinguish mountain land and vegetation type, using different neural network inversion model. Based on global DEM map and surface classification map, PROSAIL model is used for continuous vegetation such as grassland and crops, and gost model is used for forest and mountain vegetation. Using the reference map generated by the measured ground data of the forests in the upper reaches of Heihe River and the oasis in the middle reaches, and scaling up the corresponding high-resolution reference map to 1km resolution, compared with the Lai product, the product has a good correlation between the farmland and the forest area and the reference value, and the overall accuracy basically meets the accuracy threshold of 0.5%, 20% specified by GCOS. By cross comparing this product with Lais products such as MODIS, geov1 and glass, the accuracy of this Lai product is better than that of similar products compared with reference value. In a word, the synthetic Lai data set of 1km / 5 days in Heihe River Basin comprehensively uses multi-source remote sensing data to improve the estimation accuracy and time resolution of Lai parameter products, so as to better serve the application of remote sensing data products.

2020-03-13

Typical Shrub leaf area index of Dayekou watershed in Qilian Mountain in 2014

The leaf area of five typical species of jinjier, jilialu, jinlumei, huangxiaoba and Ganqing jinjier in Dayekou watershed of Qilian Mountain was measured by LAI-2200 canopy analyzer.

2020-03-12