1、 Data Description: the data includes the content of silica in snowmelt water and soil water in hulugou small watershed from May 2013 to April 2014. 2、 Sampling location: the sampling point of snowmelt water is located near 600m below No.2 meteorological station, with ground elevation of 3514.45m, longitude and latitude of 99 ° 53 ′ 20.655 ″ e, 38 ° 14 ′ 14.987 ″ n. The sampling point of soil water is located at 300m above and below the No.2 meteorological station, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 53 ′ 31.333 ″ E and 38 ° 13 ′ 50.637 ″ n. 3、 Measurement method: the content of silica in the sample was measured by ICP-AES. Silicon dioxide is replaced by the value of Si in the solution.
1、 Data Description: the data includes the flow data of spring 02 and spring 08 in hulugou small watershed from July 10, 2014 to September 10, 2014, with the data frequency of 15 days / time. 2、 Sampling location: No.02 spring is located 30 m away from the east of the outlet of the general drainage basin, with latitude and longitude coordinates of 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ N and 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E. Spring No. 08 is located on the side of the intersection of the East and West Branch ditches near the East Branch ditches, with latitude and longitude coordinates of 38 ° 15'27.76 "n, 99 ° 52'46.41" E.
1、 Data Description: the data includes the river temperature of the river section in No.2 catchment area of hulugou small watershed and the river section at the intersection of the East and West Branch ditches from July 2014 to September 2014. 2、 Sampling location: the coordinates of river section in No.2 catchment area are 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ e, 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. The cross section coordinates of the river at the junction of the East and West Branch ditches are 99 ° 52'45 "E, 38 ° 15'26.60" n.
1、 Data Description: from May 2013 to July 2014, the observation frequency of automatic observation data is 1 time / 15 minutes. The solinst levellogger automatic water level gauge is used to observe the river water level, and the flow data is calculated through the water level flow curve. The actual flow observation is manually observed through the self-made flow weir (see the thumbnail). Due to the limited amount of manual observation data, further supplementary observation is needed to improve the water level discharge curve. 2、 Sampling location: it is located at the outlet catchment of the alluvial delta Valley, and the south side is the shrub area. A small flow weir is built. Coordinates of observation points (99 ° 52 ′ 58 ″ e, 38 ° 14 ′ 36 ″ n)
The evapotranspiration and soil evapotranspiration of lycium rubra and red sand of small shrubs in typical desert weather were observed by using infrared gas analyzer to measure water vapor flux. The measurement system consists of li-8100 closed-circuit automatic measurement of soil carbon flux (li-cor, USA) and an assimilation box designed and manufactured by Beijing ligotai technology co., LTD. Li-8100 is an instrument produced by li-cor for soil carbon flux measurement. It USES an infrared gas analyzer to measure the concentration of CO2 and H2O.The length, width and height of the assimilation box are all 50cm.The assimilation box is controlled by li-8100. After setting up the measurement parameters, the instrument can run automatically.
Using ETWatch model with the system complete the heihe river basin scale 1 km resolution 2014 surface evaporation data with middle oasis 30 meters resolution on scale data set, the surface evaporation raster image data of the data sets, it is the time resolution of scale from month to month, the spatial resolution of 1 km scale (covering the whole basin) and 30 meters scale (middle oasis area), the unit is mm.Data types include monthly, quarterly, and annual data. The projection information of the data is as follows: Albers equal-area cone projection, Central longitude: 110 degrees, First secant: 25 degrees, Second secant: 47 degrees, Coordinates by west: 4000000 meter. File naming rules are as follows: 1) 1 km resolution remote sensing data set Monthly cumulative ET value file name: heihe-1km_2014m01_eta.tif Heihe refers to heihe river basin, 1km means the resolution is 1km, 2014 means the year of 2014, m01 means the month of January, eta means the actual evapotranspiration data, and tif means the data is tif format. Name of quarterly cumulative ET value file: heihe-1km_2014s01_eta.tif Heihe represents the heihe river basin, 1km represents the resolution of 1km, 2014 represents the year of 2014, s01 represents the period from January to march, and the first quarter, eta represents the actual evapotranspiration data, and tif represents the data in tif format. Annual cumulative value file name: heihe-1km_2014y_eta.tif Heihe represents the heihe river basin, 1km represents the resolution of 1km, 2014 represents the year of 2014, y represents the year, eta represents the actual evapotranspiration data, and tif represents the data in tif format. 2) remote sensing data set with a resolution of 30 meters Monthly cumulative ET value file name: heihe-midoasa-30m_2014m01_eta.tif Heihe represents the heihe river basin, midoasis represents the mid-range oasis area, 30m represents the resolution of 30 meters, 2014 represents 2014, m01 represents January, eta represents the actual evapotranspiration data, and tif represents the data in tif format. Name of quarterly cumulative ET value file: heihe-midoasa-30m_2014s01_eta.tif Heihe represents the heihe river basin, midoasis represents the mid-range oasis area, 30m represents the resolution of 30 meters, 2014 represents 2014, s01 represents january-march, and the first quarter, eta represents the actual evapotranspiration data, and tif represents the data in tif format. Annual cumulative value file name: heihe-midoasa-30m_2014y_eta.tif Heihe represents the heihe river basin, midoasis represents the mid-range oasis area, 30m represents the resolution of 30 meters, 2014 represents the year of 2014, y represents the year, eta represents the actual evapotranspiration data, and tif represents the data in tif format.
"Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological comprehensive atlas" is supported by the key project of Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological process integration research. It aims at data arrangement and service of Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological process integration research. The atlas will provide researchers with a comprehensive and detailed background introduction and basic data set of Heihe River Basin. The snow day map of Heihe River Basin is one of the hydrological and water resources in the atlas, with the scale of 1:2500000, the positive axis and equal volume conic projection, and the standard latitude of 25 47 n. Data source: this map shows the distribution of annual average snow days in 10 hydrological years in the whole Heihe River Basin from August 1, 2001 to July 31, 2011. The original data comes from MODIS daily snow products modisa 1 and myd10a1 provided by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) of the United States, as well as the long-term series snow depth data set of China provided by the scientific data center for cold and dry regions (WESTDC).
The data set contains the flux observation data of large aperture scintillator from daman station in the middle reaches of heihe hydrometeorological observation network.The large aperture scintiometer of German BLS450_NQ and Dutch Kipp&zonen models has been installed at the dameng station in the middle reaches. The north tower is the receiving end of Kipp&zonen and the transmitting end of BLS450_NQ, and the south tower is the transmitting end of Kipp&zonen and the receiving end of BLS450_NQ.The observation period of BLS450_NQ is from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014, and the observation period of Kipp&zonen is from January 1, 2014 to March 1, 2014.The station is located in dazman irrigation district, zhangye city, gansu province. The underlying surface involves corn, orchards and greenhouses, but mainly corn.The latitude and longitude of the north tower is 100.379 E, 38.861 N, and the latitude and longitude of the south tower is 100.369 E, 38.847 N, with an altitude of about 1556m.The effective height of the large aperture scintillator is 22.45m, the optical diameter length is 1854m, and the sampling frequency is 1min. Large aperture flicker meter raw observation data for 1 min, data released for 30 min after processing and quality control of data, including sensible heat flux is mainly combined with the automatic meteorological station observation data, based on similarity theory alonzo mourning - Mr. Hoff is obtained by iterative calculation, the quality control of the main steps include: (1) excluding Cn2 reach saturation data (BLS450_NQ: Cn2 > 1.43 e-13, Kipp&zonen: Cn2 e-13 > 1.54);(2) data with weak demodulation signal strength were eliminated (BLS450_NQ: Mininum X<50, Kipp&zonen: Demod>-20mv);(3) data at the time of precipitation were excluded;(4) data of weak turbulence under stable conditions were excluded (u* < 0.1m/s).In the iterative calculation process, for BLS450_NQ, the stability universal function of Thiermann and Grassl, 1992 was selected.For Kipp&zonen, take Andreas 1988's stability universal function.Please refer to Liu et al.(2011, 2013) for detailed introduction. Some notes on the released data :(1) the data of mid-range LAS is mainly BLS450_NQ, the missing moment is supplemented by Kipp&zonen observation, and the missing of both is marked by -6999.(2) missing period: on June 21, 2014, solstice, 27, due to the lack of data from the automatic meteorological station, the sensible heat flux H_LAS observed at LAS during this period could not be calculated;On June 29, 2014, solstice on July 2, July 21, solstice 22, September 24, solstice 25, and December 21, solstice 30, data was missing due to LAS instrument failure.(3) data table head: Date/Time: Date/Time (format: yyyy-m-d h:mm), Cn2: structural parameters of air refraction index (unit: m-2/3), H_LAS: sensible heat flux (unit: W/m2).The meaning of data time, such as 0:30 represents the average between 0:00 and 0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format. Please refer to Li et al.(2013) for hydrometeorological network or site information, and Liu et al.(2011) for observation data processing.
The data set contains meteorological observation data of zhangye wetland station in the middle reaches of heihe hydrometeorological observation network from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014.The site is located in zhangye national wetland park in gansu province.The latitude and longitude of the observation point is 100.4464E, 38.9751N, and altitude is 1460m.Air temperature and relative humidity sensors are set up at 5m and 10m, facing due north.The barometer is installed at 2m;The inverted bucket rain gauge is installed at 10m;The wind speed sensor is set up at 5m and 10m, and the wind direction sensor is set up at 10m, facing due north.The four-component radiometer is installed at 6m, facing due south;The two infrared thermometers are installed at the position of 6m, facing south, and the probe is facing vertically downward.The soil temperature probe is buried at 0cm on the surface and 2cm, 4cm, 10cm, 20cm and 40cm underground, in the south due to 2m from the meteorological tower.The soil hot flow plates (3) are successively buried in the ground 6cm;Four photosynthetic radiometers are installed above and inside the canopy respectively. The upper part of the canopy is installed at 6m (one probe vertically up and one probe vertically down), and the upper part of the canopy is installed at 0.25m (one probe vertically up and one probe vertically down), facing due south. Observation items are: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5m RH_5m Ta_10m, RH_10m) (unit: c, percentage), pressure (Press) (unit: hundred mpa), precipitation (Rain) (unit: mm), wind speed (WS_5m, WS_10m) (unit: m/s), wind (WD_10m) (unit: degrees), the radiation of four component (DR, UR, DLR_Cor, ULR_Cor, Rn) (unit: watts per square meter), the surface radiation temperature (IRT_1, IRT_2) (unit:Degrees Celsius), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, Gs_3) (unit: watts per square meter), soil temperature (Ts_0cm Ts_2cm Ts_4cm, Ts_10cm, Ts_20cm, Ts_40cm) (unit: c), the canopy on the up and down photosynthetic active radiation (PAR_U_up, PAR_U_down) (unit: second micromoles/m2) and up and down under canopy photosynthetic active radiation (PAR_D_up, PAR_D_down) (unit: second micromoles/m2). Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) ensure 144 data per day (every 10min). If data is missing, it will be marked by -6999;(2) eliminate the moments with duplicate records;(3) data that is obviously beyond the physical meaning or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the part marked by red letter in the data is the data in question;(5) the format of date and time is uniform, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2014-6-10-10:30;(6) the naming rule is: AWS+ site name. Please refer to Li et al.(2013) for hydrometeorological network or site information, and Liu et al.(2011) for observation data processing.
This data set contains the vortex correlator observation data of zhangye wetland station in the middle reaches of heihe meteorological observation network from January 15, 2014 to December 31, 2014.The site is located in zhangye city, gansu province.The latitude and longitude of the observation point is 100.44640E, 38.97514N, and the altitude is 1460.00m.The height of the vortex correlation instrument is 5.2m, the sampling frequency is 10Hz, the ultrasonic direction is due to the north, and the distance between the ultrasonic wind speed and temperature instrument (Gill) and the CO2/H2O analyzer (Li7500A) is 25cm. The original observation data of vorticity correlativity is 10Hz, and the released data is the data of 30 minutes processed by Eddypro software. The main steps of its processing include: outfield value elimination, delay time correction, Angle correction, coordinate rotation (secondary coordinate rotation), frequency response correction, ultrasonic virtual temperature correction and density (WPL) correction.Quality assessment for each intercompared to at the same time, mainly is the atmospheric stability (Δ st) and turbulent characteristics of similarity (ITC) test.The 30min pass value output by Eddypro software was also screened.(2) data of 1h before and after precipitation were excluded;(3) the missing rate of 10Hz original data is more than 10% every 30min;(4) the observed data of weak turbulence at night were excluded (u* less than 0.1m/s).The average period of observation data was 30 minutes, 48 data a day, and the missing data was marked as -6999.Suspicious data caused by instrument drift and other reasons are marked in red. Among them, the memory card error occurred from January 1, 2014 to January 15, 2014, during which the data is missing. Observations published include:Date/Time for the Date/Time, wind Wdir (°), Wnd horizontal wind speed (m/s), standard deviation Std_Uy lateral wind speed (m/s), ultrasonic virtual temperature Tv (℃), the water vapor density H2O (g/m3), carbon dioxide concentration CO2 (mg/m3), friction velocity Ustar) (m/s), stability Z/L (dimensionless), sensible heat flux Hs (W/m2), latent heat flux LE (W/m2), carbon dioxide flux Fc (mg/(m2s)), the quality of the sensible heat flux identifier QA_Hs, the quality of the latent heat flux identifier QA_LE,Carbon dioxide flux mass identification QA_Fc.The quality of the sensible heat and latent heat, carbon dioxide flux identification is divided into three (quality id 0: (Δ st < 30, the ITC < 30);1: (Δ st < 100, ITC < 100);The rest are 2).The meaning of data time, such as 0:30 represents the average between 0:00 and 0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format. Please refer to Li et al.(2013) for hydrometeorological network or site information, and Liu et al.(2011) for observation data processing.
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LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center