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Global near-surface soil freeze/thaw state (2002-2019)

The freezing / thawing state of near surface soil represents the dormancy and activity of land surface processes. This alternation of freezing and thawing phases can cause a series of complex surface process trajectory mode mutations, and affect the water cycle processes such as soil hydrothermal characteristics, surface runoff and groundwater recharge, and also affect climate change through water and energy cycle mechanism. This data set is based on AMSR-E and amsr2 passive microwave data, using discriminant algorithm to prepare global near earth surface freeze-thaw state (spatial resolution: 0.25 °; time span: 2002-2019), data storage type: 8-bit unsigned integer (file type:. HDF5) 5) Among them: 0: water body and missing data; 1: frozen soil; 2: thawed soil; 3: precipitation; 15: perennial snow and ice sheet. It can be used to analyze the spatial distribution and trend of the global freeze-thaw cycle, such as the start / end date, freezing / thawing duration, freezing range and other indicators. It can provide data support for understanding the interaction mechanism between land surface freeze-thaw cycle and water and energy exchange process under the background of global change. For detailed naming and missing of data, please refer to the data description.


MODIS daily cloud-free snow cover area product for Sanjiangyuan from 2000 to 2018

The dataset was produced based on MODIS data. Parameters and algorithm were revised to be suitable for the land cover type in the Three-River-Source Regions. By using the Markov de-cloud algorithm, SSM/I snow water equivalent data was fused to the result. Finally, high accuracy daily de-cloud snow cover data was produced. The data value is 0(no snow) or 1(snow). The spatial resolution is 500m, the time period is from 2000-2-24 to 2018-12-31. Data format is geotiff, Arcmap or python+GDAL were recommended to open and process the data.


MODIS NDVI based phenology for the Three-River-Source National Park from 2001 to 2018

This dataset is land surface phenology estimated from 16 days composite MODIS NDVI product (MOD13Q1 collection6) in the Three-River-Source National Park from 2001 to 2018. The spatial resolution is 250m. The variables include Start of Season (SOS) and End of Season (EOS). Two phenology estimating methods were used to MOD13Q1, polynomial fitting based threshold method and double logistic function based inflection method. There are 4 folders in the dataset. CJYYQ_phen is data folder for source region of the Yangtze River in the national park. HHYYQ_phen is data folder for source region of Yellow River in the national park. LCJYYQ_phen is data folder for source region of Lancang River in the national park. SJY_phen is data folder for the whole Three-River-Source region. Data format is geotif. Arcmap or Python+GDAL are recommended to open and process the data.


GF-1 NDVI dataset in Maduo County (2016)

This is the vegetation index (NDVI) for Maduo County in July, August and September of 2016. It is obtained through calculation based on the multispectral data of GF-1. The spatial resolution is 16 m. The GF-1 data are processed by mosaicking, projection coordinating, data subsetting and other methods. The maximum synthesis is then conducted every month in July, August, and September.


AMSR-E/aqua daily gridded brightness temperatures of China

This dataset includes passive microwave remote sensing brightness temperatures data for longitude and latitude projections and 0.25 degree resolution from 2002 to 2008 in China. 1. Data processing process: NSIDC produces AMSR-E gridded brightness temperature data by interpolating AMSR-E data (6.9 GHz, 10.7 GHz, 18.7 GHz, 23.8 GHz, 36.5 GHz, and 89.0 GHz) to the output grids from swath space using an Inverse Distance Squared (ID2) method. 2. Data format: Brightness temperature files: two-byte unsigned integers, little-endian byte order Time files: two-byte signed integers, little-endian byte order 3. Data naming: ID2rx-AMSRE-aayyyydddp.vnn.ccc (China-ID2r1-AMSRE-D.252002170A.v03.06V) ID2 Inverse Distance Squared r1 Resolution 1 swath input data AMSRE Identifies this an AMSR-E file D.25 Identifies this as a quarter degree file yyyy Four-digit year ddd Three-digit day of year p Pass direction (A = ascending, D = descending) vnn Gridded data version number (for example, v01, v02, v03) ccc AMSR-E channel indicator: numeric frequency (06, 10, 18, 23, 36, or 89) followed by polarization (H or V) 4. Cutting range: Corner Coordinates: Upper Left (60.0000000, 55.0000000) (60d 0'0.00 "E, 55d 0'0.00" N) Lower Left (60.0000000, 15.0000000) (60d 0'0.00 "E, 15d 0'0.00" N) Upper Right (140.0000000, 55.0000000) (140d 0'0.00 "E, 55d 0'0.00" N) Lower Right (140.0000000, 15.0000000) (140d 0'0.00 "E, 15d 0'0.00" N) Center (100.0000000, 35.0000000) (100d 0'0.00 "E, 35d 0'0.00" N) Origin = (60.000000000000000, 55.000000000000000) 5. Data projection: GEOGCS ["WGS 84", DATUM ["WGS_1984", SPHEROID ["WGS 84", 6378137,298.257223563, AUTHORITY ["EPSG", "7030"]], TOWGS84 [0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY ["EPSG", "6326"]], PRIMEM ["Greenwich", 0, AUTHORITY ["EPSG", "8901"]], UNIT ["degree", 0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY ["EPSG", "9108"]], AUTHORITY ["EPSG", "4326"]]


Long term vegetation SPOT vegetation index dataset of the QinghaiLake River Basin (1998-2008)

The VEGETATION sensor sponsored by the European Commission was launched by SPOT-4 in March 1998. Since April 1998, SPOTVGT data for global vegetation coverage observation has been received by Kiruna ground station in Sweden. The image quality monitoring center in Toulouse, France is responsible for image quality and provides relevant parameters (such as calibration coefficient number). Finally, the Belgian flemish institute for technological research (Vito)VEGETATION processing Centre (CTIV) is responsible for preprocessing into global data of 1km per day. Pretreatment includes atmospheric correction, radiation correction, geometric correction, production of 10 days to maximize the synthesized NDVI data, setting the value of -1 to -0.1 to -0.1, and then converting to the DN value of 0-250 through the formula DN= (NDVI+0.1)/0.004. The dataset is a long-time series vegetation index dataset of Qinghai Lake Basin, which is mainly aimed at normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). It includes spectral reflectance of four bands synthesized every 10 days from 1998 to 2008 and maximum NDVI for 10 days, with a spatial resolution of 1km and a temporal resolution of 10 days.


Daily 1-km all-weather land surface temperature dataset for Western China (2003-2018) v1

Tibetan Plateau, located in southwest China, is one of the key areas affecting the Asian monsoon, and it is also an early warning area and sensitive area for global climate change. As the main parameter of surface energy balance, surface temperature represents the degree of energy and water exchange between earth and atmosphere, and is widely used in climatology, hydrology and ecology. The study of land-atmosphere interaction in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau urgently needs long time series and all-weather surface temperature data set with high temporal and spatial resolution. However, the frequent cloud cover characteristics in this area limit the use of the existing satellite thermal infrared remote sensing surface temperature data set. The generation method of this data set is an integrated method of thermal infrared and passive microwave surface temperature based on the time component decomposition model of surface temperature. This method was originally applied to Northeast China and its adjacent areas, and subsequently extended to western China including the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. The main input data of this method are Aqua MODIS,Aqua AMSR-E,GCOM-W1 AMSR2 and other data, and the auxiliary data include leaf area index (LAI) products provided by satellite remote sensing, surface cover type data and so on. This method makes full use of the steady and unstable components of surface temperature provided by satellite thermal infrared remote sensing and passive microwave remote sensing, as well as the spatial correlation of surface temperature. The obtained all-weather surface temperature has good accuracy and image quality. The time span of the dataset is from 2003 to 2018, the time resolution is 2 times a day, and the spatial resolution is 1 km, which is expected to provide data support for related applications.


The global AVHRR remote sensing vegetation phenology at peturning green stage in spring (1981-2003)

This dataset is based on the long sequence (1981-2013)normalized difference vegetation index product(Version 3) of the latest NOAA Global Inventory Monitoring and Modeling System (GIMMS). First, the NDVI data products were re-sampled from the spatial resolution of 1/12 degree to 0.5 degree, then the time series of every year was smoothed by the double-logistic method, and the smoothed curvature was calculated. The maximum curvature of spring was selected as the returning green stage of the vegetation in Spring. This data can be used to analyze the temporal and spatial characteristics of the Holarctic vegetation phenology in Spring.


Global GIMMS NDVI3g v1 dataset (1981-2015)

The NDVI data set is the latest release of the long sequence (1981-2015) normalized difference vegetation index product of NOAA Global Inventory Monitoring and Modeling System (GIMMS), version number 3g.v1. The temporal resolution of the product is twice a month, while the spatial resolution is 1/12 of a degree. The temporal coverage is from July 1981 to December 2015. This product is a shared data product and can be downloaded directly from For details, please refer to


MODIS 0.05 NDVI of global (2011-2016)

The NDVI data set is the sixth version of the MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index product (2001-2016) jointly released by NASA EOSDIS LP DAAC and the US Geological Survey (USGS EROS). The product has a temporal resolution of 16 days and a spatial resolution of 0.05 degrees. This version is a Climate Modeling Grid (CMG) data product generated from the original NDVI product (MYD13A2) with a resolution of 1 kilometer. Please indicate the source of these data as follows in acknowledgments: The MOD13C NDVI product was retrieved online courtesy of the NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC), USGS/Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, The [PRODUCT] was (were) retrieved from the online [TOOL], courtesy of the NASA EOSDIS Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC), USGS/Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.