The data are from 2011 to 2012. A 30m×30m Picea crassifolia canopy interception sample plot was set up in the Picea crassifolia sample plot at an altitude of 2800m m. A siphon raingauge model DSJ2 (Tianjin Meteorological Instrument Factory) was set up on the open land of the river about 50m from the sample plot to observe the rainfall outside the forest and its characteristics. Penetrating rain in the forest adopts a combination of manual observation and automatic observation. Automatic observation is mainly realized through a penetrating rain collection system arranged in the interception sample plot, which consists of a water collecting tank and an automatic recorder. Two 400cm×20cm water collecting tanks are connected with DSJ2 siphon rain gauge, and the change characteristics of penetrating rain under the forest are continuously recorded by an automatic recorder. Due to the spatial variability of the canopy structure of Picea crassifolia forest in the sample plot, a standard rainfall tube for manual observation is also arranged in the sample plot to observe the penetrating rain in the forest. Ninety rainfall tubes with a diameter of 20cm are arranged in the sample plot at intervals of 3m. After each precipitation event ends and the penetrating rain in the forest stops, the amount of water in the rain barrel will be emptied and the penetrating rain in the barrel will be measured with the rain cup.
This data includes experimental data of grassland interception control and observation data of maximum water holding capacity of grassland. The maximum water holding capacity experiment was carried out in 2011. The main vegetation types selected are Carex, Polygonum viviparum, Plantago asiatica and Potentilla chinensis. The maximum water holding capacity experiment was carried out on each type of samples and the samples were photographed. The specific data obtained are shown in the document. The grassland canopy interception was carried out in the growing season of 2012, and was completed by artificial rainfall control experiment. At the end of the growing season, the main types of grassland in the basin were sampled according to grazing and grazing ban. During artificial rainfall, rainfall and penetrating rainfall are recorded every 1min. Finally, the grassland canopy interception is calculated by the difference between rainfall and penetrating rainfall.