1. Data overview The data set of the base camp integrated environmental observation system is a set of ENVIS (IMKO, Germany) which was installed at the base camp observation point by qilian station.It is stored automatically by ENVIS data mining system. 2. Data content This data set is the scale data from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011.It mainly includes two layers of temperature, humidity and wind, six layers of soil water content, precipitation, 5cm geothermal flux, total radiation, seven layers of soil temperature, CO2 and air pressure. 3. Space and time scope Geographical coordinates: longitude: 99° 53’e;Latitude: 38°16 'N;Height: 2980.2 m
Field survey data of ecological vegetation sample in ejin delta during the project implementation period. A sample of ecological vegetation survey near 31 groundwater salinity observation points in ejin delta.The main investigation items include: plant species, plant structure, number, height, base diameter, crown width, coverage, frequency, etc.Time: 2010 and 2011 (july-august).
Soil survey data corresponding to the ejin delta and the ecological vegetation sample during the project implementation period. Soil profile sampling corresponding to the ecological vegetation survey in ejin delta (5), 20 cm stratified sampling.Investigation items included: soil salinity, soil organic matter, C, N, P, etc., time: August 2011.
The data set mainly includes the statistical data of annual discharge (monthly average discharge, annual average discharge, annual runoff) and water level (monthly average water level) of Yingluo gorge station, Zhengyi gorge station and Gaoya station. The time coverage of discharge statistical data is 1944-2007 for Yingluo gorge station, 1954-2007 for Zhengyi gorge station and 1956-2003 for Gaoya station, and the three water level data are 1995-2003. The data comes from the hydrological Yearbook. Due to the lack of data, the monthly average flow statistics of Gaoya station were missing from 1956-1976, 1998-2000, and zhengzhengxia station from 1954-1956.
The land use / land cover data set of Heihe River Basin in 2011 is the Remote Sensing Research Office of Institute of cold and drought of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Based on the remote sensing data of landsatm and ETM in 2011, combined with field investigation and verification, a 1:100000 land use / land cover image and vector database of Heihe River Basin is established. The main contents include: 1:100000 land use graph data and attribute data of Heihe River Basin. The land cover data of 1:100000 (2011) in Heihe River Basin and the previous land cover are classified into six first-class categories (cultivated land, forest land, grassland, water area, urban and rural residents, industrial and mining land and unused land) and 25 second-class categories by the same hierarchical land cover classification system. The data type is vector polygon and stored in shape format. This data respects the opinion of the data author, and cannot share the whole basin data temporarily. Please indicate the research scope and exact purpose on the data application.
It mainly includes the field soil moisture, groundwater level, soil physical properties, temperature, flux, plant growth, soil nutrients, trunk stem flow, farmland microclimate, soil profile water content and other observation data.
"Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological comprehensive atlas" is supported by the key project of Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological process integration research. It aims at data arrangement and service of Heihe River Basin Ecological hydrological process integration research. The atlas will provide researchers with a comprehensive and detailed background introduction and basic data set of Heihe River Basin. The soil quality map of Heihe River Basin is one of the atlas of land surface, with scale of 1:2500000, positive axis and equal volume conic projection, and standard latitude of 25 47 n. Data sources: soil texture data of Heihe River Basin, road data of Heihe River Basin in 2010, administrative boundary data of one million Heihe River Basin in 2008, residential area data of Heihe River Basin in 2009 and 100000 river data of 2009.
The dataset includes two parts that are: 1) channel flow, crop pattern, field management, and socio-economy data measured at super-station in 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012 (UTC+8), respectively. 2) irrigation data, crop pattern, and socio-economy data investigated at Daman irrigation district and Yingke irrigation district, respectively. 1.1 Objective of investigation Objectives of investigation for two parts data are to obtain crop pattern and irrigation water volume change with time, and to supply parameter for irrigation water optimal allocation model. 1.2 Investigation spots and items Investigation spots include six water management stations that are Dangzhai, Hua’er, Daman, Xiaoman, Jiantan, and Ershilidun, respectively, at Daman irrigation district. Investigation items comprise water allocation time, branch channel inflow, Dou channel inflow, irrigation area, channel water use efficiency, water price, and water fee. Investigation time is described as followed: 2012.03.16 to 2012.04.04, Spring irrigation; 2012.04.04 to 2012.05.14, Summer irrigation; 2012.05.20 to 2012.06.24, Summer irrigation; 2012.05.16 to 2012.07.06, Summer irrigation; 2012.07.15 to 2012.08.02, Autumn irrigation; 2012.08.10 to 2012.08.26, Autumn irrigation. Investigation spots include eight water management station that are Chang’an, Shangqin, Dangzhai, Liangjiadun, Shimiao, Xiaoman, Xindun, and Yangou, respectively, at Yingke irrigation district. Investigation time and items is described as followed: Year Data items Spots 2008, 2010, 2011 Irrigation data: Irrigation time, water level of Dou channel, channel flow, irrigation area Xiaoman county, Shangtouzha village 2012 Irrigation data: Irrigation time, water level of Dou channel, channel flow, irrigation area Chang’an, Shangqin, Dangzhai, Liangjiadun, Shimiao, Xiaoman, Xindun, Yangou 2012 Well data: Well deep, groundwater abstraction, irrigation area Chang’an, Liangjiadun, Shangqin 2012 Socio-economy data: population, agricultural income, un-agricultural income, water use for living, average residential area, education Chang’an, Xiaoman, Liangjiadun, Shangqin 2012 Field management: fertilizer name, fertilization time, fertilization rate, pesticide name, pesticide rate, time Chang’an, Xiaoman, Liangjiadun, Shangqin 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012 Crop pattern: crop name, seed time, harvest time, crop area, irrigation quota, field water use efficiency, crop yield, crop production value Xiaoman, Chang’an, Liangjiadun, Shangqin 1.3 Data collection Data was collected by cooperating with water management department of Yingke and Daman.
The soil texture dataset of the Heihe River Basin (2011) is compiled by LIU Chao et al. (2011) by using the SOLIM model. Based on the famous Jenny equation of soil science, and according to the environmental factors such as climate, biology, topography and parent material, knowledge mining and fuzzy logic are combined on the basis of existing soil texture maps and soil profiles in Heihe River Basin. It is produced and integrated with thematic maps of glaciers and lakes. According to the different characteristics of the six ecological zones in Heihe River Basin, different mapping methods are used in the upper, middle and lower reaches. According to the different characteristics of six ecological zones in Heihe River Basin, different mapping methods are used in the upper, middle and lower reaches. The data is in grid format with 1KM spatial resolution and WGS-84 projection. Soil texture attributes and categories represent 0-30 cm topsoil texture attributes, derived from depth-weighted averages. The texname in the attribute table indicates the soil texture type name. Sandrange, siltrange, and clayrange respectively represent the sand, powder, and clay content ranges in the USDA soil triangle. Sandaverage, siltaverage and clayaverage are taken from the measured soil profiles, the average content of sand, silt and clay particles as the sand, silt and clay content of the soil type. (Note: The soil particle content of clay loam is derived from the soil quality map of Beijing Normal University). The soil texture classification standard is USDA, the sand grain size is defined as (2~0.05mm), the silt particle size is (0.05~0.002mm) and the clay size is defined as (<0.002mm).
The datasets of “Land Cover Map of Heihe River Basin” provide monthly land cover classification data in 2012-2013. The HJ-1/CCD data with both high spatial resolution (30 m) and high temporal (2 days) frequency was used to construct the time series data. The NDVI curves from the time series HJ-1/CCD data can depict the variation of typical land surface. Different land use type has different NDVI curve. Rules were set to extract every land use type information. The datasets of “Land Cover Map of Heihe River Basin” hold the traditional land use types including water bodies, urban and built-up, croplands, evergreen coniferous forests, deciduous broadleaf forests and so on. Crop type classification (including maize, spring wheat, highland barely, rape and so on), snow and ice and glaciers information updates, make the datasets more detailed. Compared with previous land cover map and other products, the classification result of the datasets is visually bette. Especially in middle stream, the accuracy of crop classification is quite high compared with the data from the ground campaign. The accuracy of land cover map of the datasets in 2012 was evaluated using very high spatial resolution remote sensing data within Google Earth and data from campaign, and the overall accuracy can be as high as 92.19%. In a word, the datasets of “Land Cover Map of Heihe River Basin” is not only high in overall accuracy, but also more detailed in crop fine classification. Furthermore, it updated some new classes like glaciers and snow. The datasets of “Land Cover Map of Heihe River Basin” are consequently the classification datasets with the highest accuracy and most detailed information up to now.
Contact SupportNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS 0931-4967287 firstname.lastname@example.org
LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center