According to the formation age of the river terraces in the upper reaches of the Heihe River, the Optically Stimulated Luminescence dating analysis was performed on the sediments of Heihe terrace. The samples were mainly fluvial sand reservoirs, and the measuring object was quartz grains in sand. The formation age of the 6th-order terrace near Qilian in the upper reaches of the Heihe River was measured by Optically Stimulated Luminescence dating. The terrace age results showed that the terraces were mainly formed since the late Pleistocene (60ka-7ka). The sample sites of the chronological data are distributed near the mainstream of the Heihe River in the northwest of Qilian County in the upper reaches of the Heihe River.
The two regions of North Pole are defined by the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) working group and Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR). The AMAP Arctic’s geographical coverage extends from the High Arctic to the sub Arctic areas of Canada, the Kingdom of Denmark (Greenland and the Faroe Islands), Finland, Iceland, Norway, the Russian Federation, Sweden and the United States, including associated marine areas. The AHDR Arctic encompasses all of Alaska, Canada North of 60°N together with northern Quebec and Labrador, all of Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland, and the northernmost counties of Norway, Sweden and Finland. The situation in Russia is harder to describe in simple terms. The area included, as demarcated by demographers, encompasses the Murmansk Oblast, the Nenets, YamaloNenets, Taimyr, and Chukotka autonomus okrugs, Vorkuta City in the Komi Republic, Norilsk and Igsrka in Krasnoyarsky Kray, and those parts of the Sakha Republic whose boundaries lie closest to the Arctic Circle.
Based on the Global 1,000,000 Basic Geographic Data (2010) of the Resource and Environment Science Data Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the administrative divisions of Arctic countries (USA, Canada, Russia, Norway (including Greenland and the Faroe Islands), Denmark, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland) at the national and provincial levels are extracted via ArcGIS. The data are stored separately by nation. The data format is the .shp format of ArcGIS, and the projection mode is GCS_WGS_1984. The national data are from http://www.resdc.cn/data.aspx?DATAID=205. The provincial data are from http://www.resdc.cn/data.aspx?DATAID=206.
Digital Elevation Model (DEM) is a kind of solid ground Model that represents the ground Elevation in the form of a set of ordered numerical arrays. The arctic region within 66 ° 34 'refers to the arctic regions and parts of Greenland in the arctic.Elevation data include arctic digital dem and hillshade data in tif format.Range of 66 ° ~ 90 ° N N, the spatial resolution of 0.008 ° x 0.008 °. The data is downloaded from NASA global elevation data DEM describes ground elevation information, which is widely used in surveying and mapping, hydrology, meteorology, geomorphology, geology, soil, engineering construction, communication, military and other fields of national economy and national defense as well as humanities and natural sciences.
The third pole 1:100,000 range data set includes:Mountains(Tibet_Mountains)vector space data set and its attribute name:Name(Name)、Countries Name（CNTRY_NAME）、Countries Referred to as（CNTRY_CODE）、Latitude（LATITUDE）、Longitude(LONGITUDE). The data comes from the 1:100,000 ADC_WorldMap global data set，The data through topology, warehousing and other data quality inspection，Data through the topology, into the library，It's comprehensive, up-to-date and seamless geodigital data. The world map coordinate system is latitude and longitude, D_WGS_1984 datum surface
The data set of 1:100,000 settlements in the Arctic includes all settlements in the North Pole (Arctic_Resident), capital settlements (Arctic_Capitals), Cities_up_to_75K settlements and other vector spatial data and related attribute data: urban name (ENG_NAME), CITY_POP and other properties. The data comes from the 1:100,000 ADC_WorldMap global data set，The data through topology, warehousing and other data quality inspection，It's most comprehensive, current and seamless geographic digital data for the whole earth. The world map coordinate system is latitude and longitude, WGS84 datum surface，Arctic specific projection parameters（North_Pole_Stereographic）.
Based on the Global 1,000,000 Basic Geographic Data (2010) of the Resource and Environment Science Data Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the railway and highway networks of Arctic countries (USA, Canada, Russia, Norway (including Greenland and the Faroe Islands), Denmark, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland) are extracted via ArcGIS. The data are stored separately by nation. The data format is the .shp format of ArcGIS, and the projection mode is GCS_WGS_1984. The railway network data are from http://www.resdc.cn/data.aspx?DATAID=208, and the highway network data are from http://www.resdc.cn/data.aspx?DATAID=207
Arctic administrative boundary data sets include Arctic_National, Arctic_Provincial, and Arctic_Prefecture vector spatial data sets of arcti-bound countries and Its corresponding name, TYPE related attribute data :(LOCAL_NAME), (ENG_NAME), (CNTRY_NAME), (TYPE), (CNTRY_CODE), (CONTINENT) The data comes from the 1:1,000,000 ADC_WorldMap global data set, which is a comprehensive, up-to-date and seamless geographic digital data. The world map coordinate system is latitude and longitude, WGS84 datum surface, and the arctic data set is the special projection parameter for the arctic (North_Pole_Stereographic).
The dataset contains all individual glacial storage (unit: km3) over the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in 1970s and 2000s. It is sourced from the resultant data of the paper entitled "Consolidating the Randolph Glacier Inventory and the Glacier Inventory of China over the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and Investigating Glacier Changes Since the mid-20th Century". The first draft of this paper has been completed and is planned to be submitted to Earth System Science Data journal. The baseline glacier inventories in 1970s and 2000s are the Randolph Glacier Inventory 4.0 dataset, and the Glacier Inventory of China, respectively. Based on the individual glacial boundaries extracted from the above-mentioned two datasets, the grid-based bedrock elevation dataset (https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/global/global.html, DOI: 10.7289/v5c8276m), and the glacier surface elevation obtained by a slope-dependent method, the individual glacier volumes in 1970s and 2000s are then calculated. In addition, the calculated results of individual glacier volumes in this study have been compared and verified with the existent results of several glacier volumes, relevant remote sensing datasets, and the global glacier thickness dataset based on the average of multiple glacier model outputs (https://www.research-collection.ethz.ch/handle/20.500.11850/315707, doi:10.3929/ethz-b-000315707), and the errors in the calculations have also been quantified. The established dataset in this study is expected to provide the data basis for the future regional water resources estimation and glacier ablation-involved researches. Moreover, the acquisition of the data also provides a new idea for the future glacier storage estimation.
This glacier inventory is jointly supported by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and United Nationenvironment Programme / Regional Resourc Centre, Asia and The Pacific (UNEP / RRC-AP), Cold and Arid Region Environmental and Engineering Research Institute(CAREERI). 1. The glacier inventory refers to remote sensing data such as Landsat 4/5 (MSS, TM / 1984/1999), Landsat 7 (TM & ETM +), IRS-1C, LISS-III (1995 IRS-1C), (1997 IRS-1D), etc. It reflects the current status of glaciers in the area in 2003. 2. Glacier inventory coverage: Tista Basin, Sikkim 3. The glacier inventory includes: glacier location, glacier code, glacier name, glacier area, glacier length, glacier thickness, ice reserves, glacier type, glacier orientation 4. Projection parameters: Projection: Lambert conformal conic Ellipsoid: Everest (India 1956) Datum: India (India, Sikkim) False easting: 2743196.40 False northing: 914398.80 Central meridian: 90 ° 00’00 ”E Central parallel: 26 ° 00’00 ”N Scale factor: 0.987886 Standard parallel 1: 23 ° 09’28.17 ”N Standard parallel 2: 28 ° 49’8.18 ”N Minimum X Value: 2545172 Maximum X Value: 2645240 Minimum Y Value: 1026436 Maximum Y Value: 1163523 For detailed data description, please refer to the data file and report.
Contact SupportNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS 0931-4967287 firstname.lastname@example.org
LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center