Based on a recently developed inventory of permafrost presence or absence from 1475 in situ observations, we developed and trained a statistical model and used it to compile a high‐resolution (30 arc‐ seconds) permafrost zonation index (PZI) map. The PZI model captures the high spatial variability of permafrost distribution over the QTP because it considers multi- ple controlling variables, including near‐surface air temperature downscaled from re‐ analysis, snow cover days and vegetation cover derived from remote sensing. Our results showed the new PZI map achieved the best performance compared to avail- able existing PZI and traditional categorical maps. Based on more than 1000 in situ measurements, the Cohen's kappa coefficient and overall classification accuracy were 0.62 and 82.5%, respectively. Excluding glaciers and lakes, the area of permafrost regions over the QTP is approximately 1.54 (1.35–1.66) ×106 km2, or 60.7 (54.5– 65.2)% of the exposed land, while area underlain by permafrost is about 1.17 (0.95–1.35) ×106 km2, or 46 (37.3–53.0)%.
Based on 2015 ESA global land cover data (ESA GlobCover), combined with the Tsinghua university global land cover data (FROM GLC)、NASA MODIS global land cover data (MCD12Q1)、University of Maryland global land data (UMD)、USGS global land data (IGBP DISCover),we build the LUC classification system in the Tibet Plateau and the rest of the data transformation rules of the classification system. We also build the land cover classification confidence function and the rules of fusing land classification to finish the Integration and modification of land cover products and finally complet the land use data in the Tibet Plateau V1.0.