Current Browsing: remote sensing data


Global near-surface soil freeze/thaw state (2002-2019)

The freezing / thawing state of near surface soil represents the dormancy and activity of land surface processes. This alternation of freezing and thawing phases can cause a series of complex surface process trajectory mode mutations, and affect the water cycle processes such as soil hydrothermal characteristics, surface runoff and groundwater recharge, and also affect climate change through water and energy cycle mechanism. This data set is based on AMSR-E and amsr2 passive microwave data, using discriminant algorithm to prepare global near earth surface freeze-thaw state (spatial resolution: 0.25 °; time span: 2002-2019), data storage type: 8-bit unsigned integer (file type:. HDF5) 5) Among them: 0: water body and missing data; 1: frozen soil; 2: thawed soil; 3: precipitation; 15: perennial snow and ice sheet. It can be used to analyze the spatial distribution and trend of the global freeze-thaw cycle, such as the start / end date, freezing / thawing duration, freezing range and other indicators. It can provide data support for understanding the interaction mechanism between land surface freeze-thaw cycle and water and energy exchange process under the background of global change. For detailed naming and missing of data, please refer to the data description.

2020-10-21

HiWATER: Multi-scale observation experiment on land surface temperature-dataset of component temperature in the down of Heihe River Basin (Thermal infrared radiometer) (2014-2016)

This dataset includes component temperatures measured by the thermal infrared (TIR) radiometers at the Mixed Forest and Sidaoqiao stations between 22 July, 2014 and 19 July, 2016. The Mixed Forest (101.1335 °E, 41.9903 °N, 874 m.a.s.l.) and Sidaoqiao (101.1374 °E, 42.0012 °N, 873 m.a.s.l.) stations were located in the downstream of the Heihe River basin, Dalaihubu Town, Ejin Banner, Inner Mongolia. At the Mixed Forest station, two TIR radiometers (SI-111, Apogee Instruments Inc., USA) connected to a data logger (CR800, Campbell Scientific Inc., USA) measured component temperatures of the sunlit canopy and shaded canopy. TIR radiometers were mounted horizontally at 5 m height on iron rods just south and north of a tree and pointed to its canopy. The distance from the sensor to the canopy was ~1 m. At the Sidaoqiao station, two SI-111 TIR radiometers connected to a CR800 data logger measured component temperatures of the soil and shrub. The first sensor pointed from 2 m height under a viewing zenith angle of 45° to bare soil; the second sensor was mounted at 1-m height and pointed horizontally into the shrub canopy.

2020-10-13

HiWATER: MUlti-scale observation experiment on land surface temperature (MUSOES)- dataset of component temperature in the down of Heihe River Basin (Thermal imager)

This dataset includes component temperatures measured by the thermal imager at the Mixed Forest and Sidaoqiao stations between 23 July and 18 August, 2014. The Mixed Forest (101.1335 °E, 41.9903 °N, 874 m.a.s.l.) and Sidaoqiao (101.1374 °E, 42.0012 °N, 873 m.a.s.l.) stations were located in the downstream of the Heihe River basin, Dalaihubu Town, Ejin Banner, Inner Mongolia. At the Mixed Forest station, a Testo 890-2 thermal imager (Testo Inc., Germany) with a resolution of 640 × 480 pixels was employed to acquire brightness temperature images. The imager was manually operated from a 10-m height platform of the tower between 10:00-16:00 (China Standard Time, CST) with an observation interval of 1-h on cloudless days. On August 4th observations were acquired between 11:00 and 17:00 at an interval of 10-min to match observations acquired with an airborne TIR imager. The ground based imager was pointed to five viewing directions (southeast-SE, east-E, northeast-NE, northwest-NW, and southwest-SW) and was inclined 25°–45° below the horizon depending on viewing direction. At Sidaoqiao station, a Testo 875-2i imager (Testo Inc., Germany) with a resolution of 160 × 120 pixels was manually operated from a 10-m high platform to acquire brightness temperature images in directions SW, SE, NE, and NW. Depending on the targets in each viewing direction, the imager was inclined to 30°–45° below the horizon. Observations at Sidaoqiao and Mixed Forest stations were almost synchronous. Furthermore, visible images were taken simultaneously with the aforementioned two TIR imagers (2048 × 1536 pixels for Testo 890-2 and 640 × 480 pixels for Testo 875-2i).

2020-10-13

HiWATER: COSMO-SkyMed dataset (2012)

This dataset includes three scenes, covering the artificial oasis eco-hydrology experimental area of the Heihe River Basin, which were acquired on (yy-mm-dd hh:mm, BJT) 2012-07-25 07:12, 2012-07-28 19:55, 2012-08-02 07:12. The data were all acquired at PingPong mode with product level of SLC, and these three images are of VV/VH, HH/HV and VV/VH polarization, respectively. COSMO-SkyMed dataset was acquired from Italian Space Agency (ASI) “COSMO-SkyMed project 1720: HYDROCOSMO” (Courtesy: Prof. Shi Jiancheng from the State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science of China).

2020-10-13

HiWATER: SPOT dataset (2012)

This dataset includes one scene acquired on (yy-mm-dd) 2012-09-06, covering the natural oasis eco-hydrology experimental area in the lower reaches of the Heihe River Basin. This datum contains panchromatic and multi-spectral bands, with spatial resolution of 2.5 m and 10 m, respectively. The data product level of this image is Level 1. QuickBird dataset was acquired through purchase.

2020-10-13

HiWATER:WorldView dataset

This dataset includes one scene acquired on (yy-mm-dd) 2012-05-12, covering the Pailugou catchment. This datum is of panchromatic bands, with spatial resolution of 0.5 m. The data product level of this image is L2. WorldView dataset was acquired through purchase.

2020-10-13

HiWATER: ZiYuan-3 (ZY-3) dataset

This dataset includes 44 scenes, covering the whole Heihe River Basin, which were acquired on (yy-mm-dd) 2012-08-25, 2012-09-03, 2012-09-08, 2012-09-13, 2012-09-18, 2012-09-23, 2012-09-28, 2012-10-03, 2012-10-13, 2012-10-18, 2012-10-22, 2012-11-01, 2012-11-11, 2012-11-21. The data are of multi-spectral bands with data product of Level 1. The spatial resolution is 1 m. ZY-3 dataset was acquired from purchase.

2020-10-13

HiWATER:TerraSAR-X dataset

This dataset includes eight scenes, covering the artificial oasis eco-hydrology experimental area of the Heihe River Basin, which were acquired on (yy-mm-dd hh:mm) 2012-05-24, 2012-06-04, 2012-06-26, 2012-07-07, 2012-07-29, 2012-08-09, 2012-08-14, 2012-08-25. The data were all acquired around 19:00 (BJT) at StripMap mode with product level of MGD. Within them, the former six images are of HH/VV polarization with low incidence angle (22-24°), while the later two images acquired on 2012-08-14 and 2012-08-25 are of VV/VH polarization with higher incidence angle (39-40°). TerraSAR-X dataset was acquired from German Space Agency (DLR) through the general proposal of “Estimation of eco-hydrological variables using TerraSAR-X data in the Heihe River Basin, China” (project ID: HYD2096).

2020-10-13

MODIS daily cloud-free snow cover area product for Sanjiangyuan from 2000 to 2018

The dataset was produced based on MODIS data. Parameters and algorithm were revised to be suitable for the land cover type in the Three-River-Source Regions. By using the Markov de-cloud algorithm, SSM/I snow water equivalent data was fused to the result. Finally, high accuracy daily de-cloud snow cover data was produced. The data value is 0(no snow) or 1(snow). The spatial resolution is 500m, the time period is from 2000-2-24 to 2018-12-31. Data format is geotiff, Arcmap or python+GDAL were recommended to open and process the data.

2020-10-13

Permafrost stability type map for Sanjiangyuan in 2010s

The permafrost stability map was created based on the classification system proposed by Guodong Cheng (1984), which mainly depended on the inter-annual variation of deep soil temperature. By using the geographical weighted regression method, many auxiliary data was fusion in the map, such as average soil temperature, snow cover days, GLASS LAI, soil texture and organic from SoilGrids250, soil moisture products from CLDAS of CMA, and FY2/EMSIP precipitation products. The permafrost stability data spatial resolution is 1km and represents the status around 2010. The following table is the permafrost stability classification system. The data format is Arcgis Raster.

2020-10-13