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Meteorological, albedo and evapotranspiration data set of hulugou shrub experimental area in the upper reaches of Heihe River (2012-2014)

The data set is the meteorological and observational data of hulugou shrub experimental area in the upper reaches of Heihe River, including meteorological data, albedo data and evapotranspiration data under shrubs. 1. Meteorological data: Qilian station longitude: 99 ° 52 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 15 ′ n; altitude: 3232.3m, scale meteorological data from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2013. Observation items include: temperature, humidity, vapor pressure, net radiation, four component radiation, etc. The data are daily scale data, and the calculation period is 0:00-24:00 2. Albedo: daily surface albedo data from January 1, 2012 to July 3, 2014, including snow and non snow periods. The measuring instrument is the radiation instrument on the 10m gradient tower in hulugou watershed. Among them, the data from August 4 to October 2, 2012 was missing due to instrument circuit problems, and the rest data quality was good 3. Evapotranspiration: surface evapotranspiration data of Four Typical Shrub Communities in hulugou watershed. The observation period is from July 18 to August 5, 2014, which is the daily scale data. The data include precipitation data, evaporation and infiltration data observed by lysimeter. The data set can be used to analyze the evapotranspiration data of alpine shrubs and forests. The evapotranspiration of grassland under canopy was measured by a small lysimeter with a diameter of 25 cm and a depth of 30 cm. Two lysimeters were set up in each shrub plot, and one lysimeter was set for each shrub in transplanting experiment. The undisturbed undisturbed soil column with the same height as the barrel is placed in the inner bucket, and the outer bucket is buried in the soil. During the embedding, the outer bucket shall be 0.5-1.0 cm higher than the ground, and the outer edge of the inner barrel shall be designed with a rainproof board about 2.0 cm wide to prevent surface runoff from entering the lysimeter. Lysimeter was set up in the nearby meteorological stations to measure grassland evapotranspiration, and a small lysimeter with an inner diameter of 25 cm and a depth of 30 cm was also set up in the sample plot of Picea crassifolia forest to measure the evaporation under the forest. All lysimeters are weighed at 20:00 every day (the electronic balance has a sensing capacity of 1.0 g, which is equivalent to 0.013 mm evaporation). Wind proof treatment should be taken to ensure the accuracy of measurement. Data processing method: evapotranspiration is mainly calculated by mass conservation in lysimeter method. According to the design principle of lysimeter lysimeter, evapotranspiration is mainly determined by the quality difference in two consecutive days. Since it is weighed every day, it is calculated by water balance.

2020-07-31

Leaf area index of alpine shrubs in Hulu Watershed in the upstream of the Heihe River Basin (22nd, July, 2012)

Leaf area index, also known as leaf area coefficient, refers to the multiple of the total area of plant leaves in the land area per unit land area. Leaf area index is an important structural parameter of ecosystem, which is used to reflect the number of plant leaves, the change of canopy structure, the life activity of plant community and its environmental effect, to provide structured quantitative information for the description of material and energy exchange on the canopy surface, and to balance the energy of carbon accumulation, vegetation productivity and the interaction between soil, plant and atmosphere, Vegetation remote sensing plays an important role. Plant canopy imager CI - 110 was used to measure the alpine shrub and spruce leaf area index in hulugou watershed. The measurement period is July 22, 2014. It includes the main shrub types and Picea crassifolia forest in hulugou watershed. The data set mainly includes the original data of CI-110 measurement, including image and leaf area analysis image.

2020-03-11

Evaporation data under alpine shrubs in Hulu watershed (2013)

This data set is the surface evapotranspiration data of Four Typical Shrub Communities in hulugou watershed. The observation period is from July 16 to August 23, 2013, which is the daily scale data. The data content includes precipitation data, evaporation and infiltration data observed by lysimeter. The data set can be used to analyze the evapotranspiration data of alpine shrub and forest. Data quality information: data quality is high, daily evapotranspiration data observation is complete. Data source description: a small lysimeter with an inner diameter of 25 cm and a depth of 30 cm was selected for evapotranspiration under the canopy. Two lysimeters were set up in each sample plot of evapotranspiration under the Bush, and one lysimeter was set up for each kind of Bush in the transplanting experiment. The undisturbed undisturbed soil column with the same height as the barrel shall be placed in the inner barrel during the layout, and the outer barrel shall be buried in the soil. During the embedding, the outer barrel shall be 0.5-1.0 cm higher than the ground, and the outer edge of the inner barrel shall be designed with a 2.0 cm wide rain shield to prevent the surface runoff from entering the lysimeter. Lysimeter was set up in the nearby meteorological station to measure the evapotranspiration of grassland, and a small evapotranspiration meter with an inner diameter of 25 cm and a depth of 30 cm was set up in the Picea koraiensis forest sample plot to measure the evaporation under the forest. All lysimeters shall be weighed on time at 20:00 every day (electronic balance sensing capacity is 1.0 g, which is equivalent to 0.013 mm evaporation). During observation, windproof treatment shall be done to ensure the accuracy of measurement. Data processing method: evapotranspiration is mainly calculated by mass conservation in lysimeter method. According to lysimeter design principle, evapotranspiration is mainly determined by mass difference in two consecutive days. Because it is weighed every day, it is calculated by water balance.

2020-03-11

Manual observation of meteorological data in Hulugou sub-basin of Heihe River Basin (2011)

1. Data overview In 2011, the manual observation data set of standard meteorological field of Qilian station was used to observe various meteorological elements at 8:00, 14:00 and 20:00 every day. 2. Data content Data content includes dry bulb temperature, wet bulb temperature, maximum temperature, minimum temperature, surface temperature (0cm), shallow surface temperature (5cm, 10cm, 15cm, 20cm), maximum ground temperature and minimum ground temperature. 3. Time and space Geographic coordinates: longitude: 99.9e; latitude: 38.3n; altitude: 2980m

2020-03-11

Ground water level dataset in Hulugou sub-basin of Heihe River Basin

1. Data overview: This data set is the daily scale groundwater level data of Qilian station from November 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011. In October 2011, two groundwater monitoring wells were arranged in hulugou small watershed. Well 1 is located beside the general control hydrological section of hulugou watershed, with a depth of 12.8m and an aperture of 12cm. Well 2 is located in the east of the Delta, about 100m away from the river, with a depth of 14.7m and an aperture of 12cm. 2. Data content: U20hobo water level sensor is arranged in the groundwater well, which is mainly used to monitor the change of groundwater level and temperature in hulugou small watershed. The data content is the temperature and atmospheric pressure inside the hole, and the data is the daily scale data. 3. Space time scope: Geographic coordinates of well 1: longitude: longitude: 99 ° 53 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 16 ′ n; altitude: 2974m (near the hydrological section at the outlet of the basin). Geographic coordinates of well 2: longitude: 99 ° 52 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 15 ′ n; altitude: 3204.1m (east side of the East Branch of the delta).

2020-03-11

Dataset of temperature obtained from 10m meteorological tower with 4 levels in Hulugou sub-basin of the Heihe River Basin (2011)

1. Data overview: This data set is the daily scale meteorological gradient data of Qilian station from October 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011 (installed at the end of September 2011). The observation of vg1000 gradient observation system started on October 1, 2011, recording data every 30 mins, and finally generating daily scale data. Through the long-term monitoring of wind speed and direction, air temperature and humidity, radiation and other conventional meteorological elements, combined with high-precision, high scanning frequency data collector for data storage and processing analysis. 2. Data content: The main observation elements include four layers of air temperature, humidity and two-dimensional ultrasonic wind, rain and snow meter, eight layers of ground temperature, soil moisture, etc. 3. Space time scope: Geographic coordinates: longitude: longitude: 99 ° 52 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 15 ′ n; altitude: 3232.3m

2020-03-11

Runoff dataset in Hulugou outlet of Qilian station in the upstream of Heihe River (2011)

1. Data overview: this data set is the total surface runoff of hulugou drainage basin controlled by the outlet hydrological section of Qilian station from January 1, 2011 to November 2, 2011. 2. Data content: the flow data of the hydrological section at the outlet of hulugou, and the flow of the hydrological section at the outlet of the drainage basin is regularly observed at 08:00, 14:00 and 20:00 every day (the ls45a rotating cup type current meter produced by Chongqing Huazheng Hydrological Instrument Co., Ltd. is used for measurement). At the same time, hobo pressure water level gauge is used to monitor the change of water level in real time and establish the relationship between water level and discharge. 3. Space time scope: geographic coordinates: longitude: 99 ° 53 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 16 ′ n; altitude: 2962.5m.

2020-03-11

Runoff dataset in Hulugou outlet of Qilian station in the upstream of the Heihe River (2012)

1. Data overview: this data set is the total surface runoff of hulugou drainage basin controlled by the outlet hydrological section of Qilian station from January 1, 2012 to December 1, 2012. 2. Data content: at 08:00, 14:00 and 20:00 every day, the flow rate and water level change of the outlet hydrological section of hulugou River Basin are regularly observed (the flow rate is measured by ls45a rotating cup type flow meter produced by Chongqing Huazheng Hydrological Instrument Co., Ltd., and the water level change is monitored in real time by hobo pressure type water level meter), the water level flow relationship is established, and the outlet flow of the river basin is calculated. 3. Space time scope: geographic coordinates: longitude: 99 ° 53 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 16 ′ n; altitude: 2962.5m.

2020-03-11

Runoff dataset in Hulugou outlet of Qilian Station in upstream of the Heihe River (2013)

1. Data overview: this data set is the total surface runoff of hulugou drainage basin controlled by the outlet hydrological section of Qilian station from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013. 2. Data content: at 08:00, 14:00 and 20:00 every day, the flow rate and water level change of the outlet hydrological section of hulugou River Basin are regularly observed (the flow rate is measured by ls45a rotating cup type flow meter produced by Chongqing Huazheng Hydrological Instrument Co., Ltd., and the water level change is monitored in real time by hobo pressure type water level meter), the water level flow relationship is established, and the outlet flow of the river basin is calculated. 3. Space time scope: geographic coordinates: longitude: 99 ° 53 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 16 ′ n; altitude: 2962.5m.

2020-03-11

Eddy covariance data in Hulugou sub-basin of alpine Heihe River (October - December, 2011)

1. Data overview: Eddy covariance system is a micrometeorological measurement method.It USES the principle of vorticity correlation to measure the material exchange and energy exchange of the atmosphere cushion surface with a fast response sensor.The core of open circuit eddy covariance system is composed of CR1000 data collector, CSAT3 3d ultrasonic wind speed and direction sensor, and li-7500 open circuit CO2/H2O gas analyzer (EC150).The eddy covariance system is a newly purchased instrument of this project, which takes a long time to order. It was installed in early October 2011, and the data is relatively short.This data set is the vorticity covariance data of qilian station from October 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011 at 30min. 2. Data content: The observation items are: horizontal wind speed Ux (m/s), horizontal wind speed Uy (m/s), vertical wind speed Uz (m/s), ultrasonic temperature Ts (Celsius), co2 concentration (mg/m^3), water vapor concentration (g/m^3), pressure press (KPa).The data sampling rate is 10Hz per second. 3. Space and time range: Geographical coordinates: longitude: 99° 52’e;Latitude: 38°15 'N;Height: 3232.3 m

2020-03-11