1km grid data set of ecological vulnerability in agricultural and pastoral areas of Qinghai Tibet Plateau

Based on the vulnerability assessment framework of "exposure sensitivity adaptability", the vulnerability assessment index system of agricultural and pastoral areas in Qinghai Tibet Plateau was constructed. The index system data includes meteorological data, soil data, vegetation data, terrain data and socio-economic data, with a total of 12 data indicators, mainly from the national Qinghai Tibet Plateau scientific data center and the resource and environmental science data center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Based on the questionnaire survey of six experts in related fields, the weight of the indicators is determined by using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Finally, four 1km grid data are formed involving ecological exposure, sensitivity, adaptability and ecological vulnerability in the agricultural and pastoral areas of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The data can provide a reference for the identification of ecological vulnerable areas in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

0 2021-04-09

Grading map of agricultural suitability on the Tibet Plateau (2018)

This study takes the land resources in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau as the evaluation object, and clarifies the current situation in the region suitable for agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry production and the quantity, quality and distribution of the reserve land resources. Through field investigations, collect relevant data from the study area, and combine relevant literature and expert experience to determine the evaluation factors (altitude, slope, annual precipitation, accumulated temperature, sunshine hours, soil effective depth, texture, erosion, vegetation type, NDVI). The grading and standardization are carried out, and the weights of each evaluation factor are determined by principal component analysis. The weighted index and model are used to determine the total score of the evaluation unit. Finally, the ArcGis natural discontinuity classification method is used to obtain the Qingshang Plateau. And the grades of farmland, forestry and grassland suitability drawings of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau with a resolution of 90m were given. Finally, the results are verified and analyzed.

0 2021-04-09

The sequence data of livestock number at county level on the Tibetan Plateau (1970-2006)

This data set contains sequence data of the number variation of livestock in the major cities and counties of the Tibetan Plateau from 1970 to 2006. It is used to study the social and economic changes of the Tibetan Plateau. The table has ten fields. Field 1: Year Interpretation: Year of the data Field 2: Province Interpretation: The province from which the data were obtained Field 3: City/Prefecture Interpretation: The city or prefecture from which the data were obtained Field 4: County Interpretation: The name of the county Field 5: Large livestock (10,000) Interpretation: The number of large livestock such as cattle, horses, mules, donkeys, and camels. Field 6: Cattle herd (10,000) Interpretation: Number of cattle Field 7: Equine animals(10,000) Interpretation: The number of equine animals such as horses, mules and donkeys. Field 8: Horses (10,000) Interpretation: The number of horses Field 9: Sheep (10,000) Interpretation: The number of sheep Field 10: Data Sources Interpretation: Source of Data The data come from the statistical yearbook and county annals. Some are listed as follows. [1] Gansu Yearbook Editorial Committee. Gansu Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1984, 1988-2009 [2] Statistical Bureau of Yunnan Province. Yunnan Statistical Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1988-2009 [3] Statistical Bureau of Sichuan Province, Sichuan Survey Team. Sichuan Statistical Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1987-1991, 1996-2009 [4] Statistical Bureau of Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region . Xinjiang Statistical Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1989-1996, 1998-2009 [5] Statistical Bureau of Tibetan Autonomous Region. Tibet Statistical Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1986-2009 [6] Statistical Bureau of Qinghai Province. Qinghai Statistical Yearbook [J]. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1986-1994, 1996-2008. [7] County Annals Editorial Committee of Huzhu Tu Autonomous County. County Annals of Huzhu Tu Autonomous County [J]. Qinghai: Qinghai People's Publishing House, 1993 [8] Haiyan County Annals Editorial Committee. Haiyan County Annals[J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1994 [9] Menyuan County Annals Editorial Committee. Menyuan County Annals[J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 1993 [10] Guinan County Annals Editorial Committee. Guinan County Annals [J]. Shanxi: Shanxi People's Publishing House, 1996 [11] Guide County Annals Editorial Committee. Guide County Annals[J]. Shanxi: Shanxi People's Publishing House, 1995 [12] Jianzha County Annals Editorial Committee. Jianzha County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 2003 [13] Dari County Annals Editorial Committee. Dari County Annals [J]. Shanxi: Shanxi People's Publishing House, 1993 [14] Golmud City Annals Editorial Committee. Golmud City Annals [J]. Beijing: Fangzhi Publishing House, 2005 [15] Delingha City Annals Editorial Committee. Delingha City Annals [J]. Beijing: Fangzhi Publishing House, 2004 [16] Tianjun County Annals Editorial Committee. Tianjun County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1995 [17] Naidong County Annals Editorial Committee. Naidong County Annals [J]. Beijing: China Tibetology Press, 2006 [18] Gulang County Annals Editorial Committee. Gulang County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 1996 [19] County Annals Editorial Committee of Akesai Kazak Autonomous County. County Annals of Akesai Kazakh Autonomous County [J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 1993 [20] Minxian County Annals Editorial Committee. Minxian County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 1995 [21] Dangchang County Annals Editorial Committee. Dangchang County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1995 [22] Dangchang County Annals Editorial Committee. Dangchang County Annals(Sequel) (1985-2005) [J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 2006 [23] Wenxian County Annals Editorial Committee. Wenxian County Annals[J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1997 [24] Kangle County Annals Editorial Committee. Kangle County Annals [J]. Shanghai: Sanlian Bookstore. 1995 [25] County Annals Editorial Committee of Jishishan (Baoan, Dongxiang, Sala) Autonomous County. County Annals of Jishishan (Baoan, Dongxiang, Sala) Autonomous County[J], Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1998 [26] Luqu County Annals Editorial Committee. Luqu County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu People's Publishing House, 2006 [27] Zhouqu County Annals Editorial Committee. Zhouqu County Annals [J]. Shanghai: Sanlian Bookstore. 1996 [28] Xiahe County Annals Editorial Committee. Xiahe County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu Cultural Publishing House, 1999 [29] Zhuoni County Annals Editorial Committee. Zhuoni County Annals [J]. Gansu: Gansu Nationality Publishing House, 1994 [30] Diebu County Annals Editorial Committee. Diebu County Annals [J]. Gansu: Lanzhou University Press, 1998 [31] Pengxian County Annals Editorial Committee. Pengxian County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan People's Publishing House, 1989 [32] Guanxian County Annals Editorial Committee. Guanxian County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan People's Publishing House, 1991 [33] Wenjiang County Annals Editorial Committee. Wenjiang County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan People's Publishing House, 1990 [34] Shifang County Annals Editorial Committee. Shifang County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan University Press, 1988 [35] Tianquan County Annals Editorial Committee. Tianquan County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan Science and Technology Press, 1997 [36] Shimian County Annals Editorial Committee. Shimian County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan Cishu Publishing House, 1999 [37] Lushan County Annals Editorial Committee. Lushan County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Fangzhi Publishing House, 2000 [38] Hongyuan County Annals Editorial Committee. Hongyuan County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan People's Publishing House, 1996 [39] Wenchuan County Annals Editorial Committee. Wenchuan County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Bayu Shushe, 2007 [40] Derong County Annals Editorial Committee. Derong County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan University, 2000 [41] Baiyu County Annals Editorial Committee. Baiyu County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan University Press, 1996 [42] Batang County Annals Editorial Committee. Batang County Annals [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan Nationality Publishing House, 1993 [43] Jiulong County Annals Editorial Committee. Jiulong County Annals(Sequel) (1986-2000) [J]. Sichuan: Sichuan Science and Technology Press, 2007 [44] County Annals Editorial Committee of Derung-Nu Autonomous County Gongshan. County Annals of Derung-Nu Autonomous County Gongshan [J]. Beijing: Nationality Publishing House, 2006 [45] Lushui County Annals Editorial Committee. Lushui County Annals [J]. Yunnan: Yunnan People's Publishing House, 1995 [46] Deqin County Annals Editorial Committee. Deqin County Annals [J]. Yunnan: Yunnan Nationality Publishing House, 1997 [47] Yutian County Annals Editorial Committee. Yutian County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 2006 [48] Cele County Annals Editorial Committee. Cele County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 2005 [49] Hetian County Annals Editorial Committee. Hetian County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 2006 [50] Qiemo County Local Chronicles Editorial Committee. Qiemo County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1996 [51] Shache County Annals Editorial Committee. Shache County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1996 [52] Yecheng County Annals Editorial Committee. Yecheng County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1999 [53] Akto County Local Chronicles Editorial Committee. Akto County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1996 [54] Wuqia County Local Chronicles Editorial Committee. Wuqia County Annals [J]. Xinjiang: Xinjiang People's Publishing House, 1995

0 2021-04-09

Time space matching data set of water and soil resources in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau (1970-2016)

The matching data of water and soil resources in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the potential evapotranspiration data calculated by Penman formula from the site meteorological data (2008-2016, national meteorological data sharing network), the evapotranspiration under the existing land use according to the influence coefficient of underlying surface, and the rainfall data obtained by interpolation from the site rainfall data in the meteorological data, are used to calculate the evapotranspiration under the existing land use according to the different land types of land use According to the difference, the matching coefficient of water and soil resources is obtained. The difference between the actual rainfall and the water demand under the existing land use conditions reflects the matching of water and soil resources. The larger the value is, the better the matching is. The spatial distribution of the matching of soil and water resources can pave the way for further understanding of the agricultural and animal husbandry resources in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

0 2021-04-09

County level statistics data of Tibetan Plateau (1980-2015)

The data set contains agricultural economic data of all counties and regions in the Tibetan Plateau in 1980-2015, and covering the total number of households and total population in rural areas, agricultural population, rural labor force, cultivated land, paddy field area, the dry land area, power of agricultural machinery, agricultural vehicles, mechanical ploughing area, irrigation area, consumption of chemical fertilizers electricity use, gross output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery, the output of cattle, pig, sheep, meat, poultry, and fish, the sown area of grain, the output of grain, cotton, oil and all kinds of crops, and characteristic agricultural products and livestock production and other relevant data.The data came from the statistical yearbook of the provinces included in the Tibetan Plateau.The data are of good quality and can be used to analyze the socio-economic and agricultural development of qinghai-tibet plateau.

0 2021-04-09

Temporal and spatial matching pattern data and maps of water and soil resources on Tibetan Plateau (resolution 1km) (2008-2015)

The Tibetan Plateau in China covers six provinces including Tibet, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Gansu and Sichuan, including Tibet and Qinghai, as well as parts of Xinjiang, Yunnan, Gansu and Sichuan. The research on water and soil resources matching aims to reveal the equilibrium and abundance of water resources and land resources in a certain regional scale. The higher the level of consistency between regional water resources and the allocation of cultivated land resources, the higher the matching degree, and the superior the basic conditions of agricultural production. The general agricultural water resource measurement method based on the unit area of cultivated land is used to reflect the quantitative relationship between the water supply of agricultural production in the study area and the spatial suitability of cultivated land resources. The Excel file of the data set contains the generalized agricultural soil and water resource matching coefficient data of the Tibetan Plateau municipal administrative region in China from 2008 to 2015, the vector data is the boundary data of the Tibetan Plateau municipal administrative region in China in 2004, and the raster data pixel value is the generalized agricultural soil and water resource matching coefficient of the year in the region.

0 2021-04-09

Water resources data of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau (1990-2010)

This data set is the water resources data of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau from 1990 to 2010, which is the sum of renewable surface and groundwater resources. The data is in vector format and the spatial resolution is in the scale of prefecture level administrative units. The data is obtained by checking the results of VIC (variable injection capacity) hydrological model. The simulated water resources are the sum of the surface runoff and underground runoff in the output results of hydrological simulation. The simulation results are verified by comparing with the runoff data of the measured stations. According to the statistics of water resources at the provincial level in China water resources bulletin, a correction coefficient α is introduced at the provincial level, so that the product of water resources and α in the hydrological model simulation province is equal to the statistics of water resources. Then the amount of water resources in the administrative unit is the product of the total amount of water resources and α.

0 2021-04-09

Table of value input-output of 42 departments in Gansu Lingao region in the middle reaches of Heihe River (2012)

1. Data overview Take Ganzhou District, Linze County and Gaotai County of Zhangye City in the middle reaches of Heihe River Basin as the research area, and carry out input-output survey on agricultural, industrial and service enterprises and individuals in the research area from May to November 2013. According to the survey data, use the survey method to compile the input-output table of 42 departments in 2012 in this area. 2. The data content Data mainly reflects the input-output of various national economic industries in the process of production, circulation and consumption in ganlingao region in 2012.

0 2021-04-08

Time series data of snow area ratio in the Arctic (2000-2019)

The fraction snow cover (FSC) is the ratio of the snow cover area SCA to the pixel space. The data set covers the Arctic region (35 ° to 90 ° north latitude). Using Google Earth engine platform, the initial data is the global surface reflectance product with a resolution of 1000m with mod09ga, and the data preparation time is from February 24, 2000 to November 18, 2019. The methods are as follows: in the training sample area, the reference data set of FSC is prepared by using Landsat 8 surface reflectance data and snomap algorithm, and the data set is taken as the true value of FSC in the training sample area, so as to establish the linear regression model between FSC in the training sample area and NDSI based on MODIS surface reflectance products. Using this model, MODIS global surface reflectance product is used as input to prepare snow area ratio time series data in the Arctic region. The data set can provide quantitative information of snow distribution for regional climate simulation and hydrological model.

0 2021-03-29

Intensity data of human activities on the plateau in 2012-2017

According to the characteristics of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and the principles of scientificity, systematization, integrity, operability, measurability, conciseness and independence, the human activity intensity evaluation index system suitable for the Qinghai Tibet Plateau has been constructed, which mainly includes the main human activities such as agricultural and animal husbandry activities, industrial and mining development, urbanization development, tourism activities, major ecological engineering construction, pollutant discharge, etc, On the basis of remote sensing data, ground observation data, meteorological data and social statistical yearbook data, the positive and negative effects of human activities are quantitatively evaluated by AHP, and the intensity and change characteristics of human activities are comprehensively evaluated. The data can not only help to enhance the understanding of the role of human activities in the vegetation change in the sensitive areas of global change, but also provide theoretical basis for the sustainable development of social economy in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and provide scientific basis for protecting the ecological environment of the plateau and building a national ecological security barrier.

0 2021-03-29