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Basin scale hydrological and ecological processes and their impacts on global climate change data in the Loess Region

The hydrological ecological process at the loess basin scale and its response to global climate change is a project of the Major Research plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China - Environmental and Ecological Science in Western China. The project is led by liu wenzhao, a researcher from the institute of water and soil conservation, ministry of water resources, Chinese academy of sciences. The project runs from January 2003 to December 2005. The project submitted data: The CLIGEN parameter and output dataset of the Loess Plateau: It was generated during the evaluation and improvement of the practicality of the weather generator CLIGEN in the Loess Plateau. The dataset includes parameter data files for driving CLIGEN and 100-year daily weather data files generated by running CLIGEN from 71 meteorological stations on the Loess Plateau. The 71 sites are distributed in 7 provinces (Shanxi, Shanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Henan, and Qinghai). Each file is individually saved in ASCII format and can be opened for viewing with text programs. This data set is generated based on long-term serial daily meteorological data measured by 71 meteorological stations on the Loess Plateau. Daily meteorological parameters include: precipitation, maximum, minimum, and average temperature, solar radiation, relative humidity, wind speed and direction. The data comes from the China Meteorological Science Data Sharing Service Network and the Loess Plateau Soil and Water Conservation Database. Among them, solar radiation data is available at only 12 sites on the Loess Plateau. The solar radiation parameters at other sites are generated by kriging space interpolation. The dew point temperature is calculated using the average temperature and relative humidity.

2020-06-09

Standard weather station annual data of the Yellow River’s Upstream (1952-2011)

Ⅰ. Overview This dataset contains annual meteorological data from the upper Yellow River and its surroundings from 1952 to 2011. The standard station data includes 38 elements: average station pressure, extreme maximum station pressure, date of extreme maximum station pressure, month of extreme maximum station pressure, month of extreme minimum station pressure, date of extreme minimum station pressure, day, extreme Lowest station pressure month, average temperature, extreme maximum temperature, extreme maximum temperature day, extreme maximum temperature month, extreme minimum temperature, extreme minimum temperature day, extreme minimum temperature month, average temperature anomaly, average maximum temperature , Average minimum temperature, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, minimum relative humidity occurrence day, minimum relative humidity occurrence month, precipitation, daily precipitation ≥0.1mm days, percentage of precipitation anomaly, maximum daily precipitation, maximum daily precipitation Appearance day, month of maximum daily precipitation, average wind speed, maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed, day of maximum wind speed, month of maximum wind speed, direction of maximum wind speed, day of maximum wind speed The month of maximum wind speed, the number of hours of sunshine, and the percentage of sunshine. Ⅱ. Data processing description The data is stored as integers, the temperature unit is (0.1 ° C) value, the precipitation unit is (0.1 mm), and it is stored as an ASCII text file. Ⅲ. Data content description Standard station data, all meteorological elements are stored in one text, respectively: average own station pressure (V10004), extreme highest station pressure (V10201), extreme highest station pressure (V10201_001), extreme highest station pressure appears Month (V10201_002), Extreme Lowest Station Pressure (V10202), Extreme Lowest Station Pressure (V10202_001), Extreme Lowest Station Pressure (V10202_002), Average Temperature (V12001), Extreme Maximum Temperature (V12011), Extreme Maximum Temperature appearance day (V12011_101), extreme maximum temperature appearance month (V12011_102), extreme minimum temperature (V12012), extreme minimum temperature appearance day (V12012_101), extreme minimum temperature appearance month (V12012_102), average temperature anomaly (V12201), average Highest temperature (V12211), average minimum temperature (V12212), average relative humidity (V13003), minimum relative humidity (V13007), minimum relative humidity occurrence day (V13007_001), minimum relative humidity occurrence month (V13007_002), precipitation (V13011) , Daily precipitation ≥ 0.1mm days (V13011_000), percentage of precipitation anomaly (V13012), maximum daily precipitation (V13052), day of maximum daily precipitation (V13052_00 1), the month when the maximum daily precipitation occurs (V13052_002), the average wind speed (V11002), the maximum wind speed (V11041), the maximum wind speed (V11042), the direction of the maximum wind speed (V11043), and the day when the maximum wind speed appears (V11043_001) , The month of maximum wind speed (V11043_002), the direction of maximum wind speed (V11212), the day of maximum wind speed (V11212_001), the month of maximum wind speed (V11212_002), the number of hours of sunshine (V14032), and the percentage of sunshine (V14033). Ⅳ. Data usage description In terms of resources and environment, meteorological data is used to simulate the regional climate change and runoff, sediment, water and soil loss and vegetation change in the basin, and it is also a necessary input condition for remote sensing inversion.

2020-06-05

Standard weather station monthly data of the Yellow River’s Upstream (1952-2011)

I. Overview This dataset contains monthly meteorological data for the upper Yellow River and its surroundings from 1952 to 2011. The standard station data includes 30 elements: average station pressure, extreme maximum station pressure, date of extreme maximum station pressure, extreme minimum station pressure, date of extreme minimum station pressure, average temperature, and extreme maximum temperature. , Extreme high temperature appearance day, extreme minimum temperature, extreme minimum temperature appearance day, average temperature anomaly, average maximum temperature, average minimum temperature, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, minimum relative humidity occurrence date, precipitation, daily precipitation > = 0.1mm days, maximum daily precipitation, maximum daily precipitation occurrence day, percentage of precipitation anomaly, average wind speed, maximum wind speed, day of maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed , The day of maximum wind speed, the hours of sunshine, and the percentage of sunshine. Ⅱ. Data processing description The data is stored as integers, the temperature unit is (0.1 ° C) value, the precipitation unit is (0.1 mm), and it is stored as an ASCII text file. Ⅲ. Data content description Standard station data, all meteorological elements are stored in one text, each element is: average own station pressure (V10004), extreme highest station pressure (V10201), extreme highest station pressure (V10201_001), extreme lowest station Barometric pressure (V10202), the day when the extreme minimum atmospheric pressure appeared (V10202_002), the average temperature (V12001), the extreme maximum temperature (V12011), the extreme maximum temperature (V12011_001), the extreme minimum temperature (V12012), the extreme minimum temperature (V12012_002), average temperature anomaly (V12201), average maximum temperature (V12211), average minimum temperature (V12212), average relative humidity (V13003), minimum relative humidity (V13007), minimum relative humidity occurrence date (V13007_001), precipitation Amount (V13011), daily precipitation> = 0.1mm days (V13011_000), maximum daily precipitation (V13052), maximum daily precipitation (V13052_001), percentage of precipitation anomaly (V13212), average wind speed (V11002), polar High wind speed (V11041), the day when the maximum wind speed appears (V11041_001), the maximum wind speed (V11042), the wind direction of the maximum wind speed (V11043), the wind direction of the maximum wind speed (V11212), the maximum wind speed Today (V11212_001), hours of sunshine (V14032), percentage of sunshine (V14033). Ⅳ. Data usage description In terms of resources and environment, meteorological data is used to simulate the regional climate change and runoff, sediment, water and soil loss and vegetation change in the basin, and it is also a necessary input condition for remote sensing inversion.

2020-06-05

Standard weather station diurnal data of the Yellow River’s Upstream (1952-2011)

Ⅰ. Overview This dataset contains daily meteorological data for the upper Yellow River and its surroundings from 1952 to 2011. Standard station data includes 15 elements: average pressure, maximum pressure, minimum pressure, average temperature, maximum temperature, minimum temperature, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, precipitation, average wind speed, maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed and direction, Maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed and direction and sunshine hours. Ⅱ. Data processing description The data is stored as integers, the temperature unit is (0.1 ° C) value, the precipitation unit is (0.1 mm), and it is stored as an ASCII text file. Ⅲ. Data content description Standard station data. All meteorological elements are stored in one text. V0100 indicates the station number, v04001 indicates the year, v04002 indicates the month, v04003 indicates the day, v10004 indicates the average pressure, v10201 indicates the maximum pressure, v10202 indicates the minimum pressure, and v12001 indicates the average temperature. v12052 indicates the highest temperature, v12053 indicates the lowest temperature, v13003 indicates the average relative humidity, v13007 indicates the minimum relative humidity, v13201 indicates the precipitation, v11002 indicates the average wind speed, v11042 maximum wind speed, v11212 indicates the maximum wind speed and direction, v11041 indicates the maximum wind speed, and v11043 indicates Extreme wind speed and direction, v14032 represents sunshine hours. Ⅳ. Data usage description In terms of resources and environment, meteorological data is used to simulate the regional climate change and runoff, sediment, water and soil loss and vegetation change in the basin, and it is also a necessary input condition for remote sensing inversion.

2020-06-05

North american multi-model ensemble forecast (1982-2010)

The North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) Forecast is a multi-modal ensemble seasonal forecasting system jointly published by the US Model Center (including NOAA/NCEP, NOAA/GFDL, IRI, NCAR, and NASA) and the Canadian Meteorological Centre. The data include retrieval data from 1982 to 2010 and real-time weather forecast data from 2011 to the present. The forecasting system covers the whole world with a temporal resolution of one month and a horizontal spatial resolution of 1°. NMME has nine climate forecasting models, and each contains 6-28 ensemble members, with a forecasting period of 9-12 months. The name, source, ensemble members, and forecasting period of the climate models are as follows: 1) CMC1-CanCM3, Environment Canada, 10 models, 12 months 2) CMC2-CanCM4, Environment Canada, 10 models, 12 months 3) COLA-RSMAS-CCSM3, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 6 models, 12 months 4) COLA-RSMAS-CCSM34, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 10 models, 12 months 5) GFDL-CM2p1-aer04, NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 10 models, 12 months 6) GFDL-CM2p5-FLOR-A06, NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 12 models, 12 months 7) GFDL-CM2p5-FLOR-B01, NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 12 models, 12 months 8) NASA-GMAO-062012, NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, 12 models, 9 months 9) NCEP-CFSv2, NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction, 24/28 models, 10 months With the exception of the CFSv2 model (which includes only precipitation and average temperature), the variables of other models include precipitation, average temperature, maximum temperature, and minimum temperature. Each model ensemble member stores one NC file every month for each variable. The meteorological elements, variable names, units, and physical meanings of each variable are as follows: 1) Average temperature, tref, K, monthly average near-surface (2-m) average air temperature 2) Maximum temperature, tmax, K, monthly average near-surface (2-m) maximum air temperature 3) Minimum temperature, tmin, K, monthly average near-surface (2-m) minimum air temperature 4) Precipitation, prec, mm/day, monthly average precipitation. The dataset has been widely applied in climate forecasting, hydrological forecasting, and quantitatively estimating model forecasting uncertainty.

2020-06-03

Solar radiation dataset in three poles (2001-2017)

Solar radiation data were obtained using the internationally accepted solar radiation meter (LI200SZ, LI-COR, Inc., USA). The measured data are total solar radiation, including direct and diffuse solar radiation, with a wavelength range of 400-1100 nm. The units of the measurement results are W/㎡, and the typical error under natural lighting is ±3% (within an incident angle of 60°). Data from different locations in the three poles (Everest Station and Namco Station on the Tibetan Plateau, Sodankylä Station in the Arctic, and Dome A Station in the Antarctic) are derived from site cooperation and website downloads. The temporal coverage of data from the Everest Station and Namco Station on the Tibetan Plateau is from 2009 to 2016, that from the Sodankylä Station in the Arctic is from 2001 to 2017, and that from the Dome A Station in the Antarctic is from 2005 to 2014.

2020-06-03

Automatic weather station dataset from Guoluo station (2017)

The data set contains meteorological observations from Guoluo Station from January 1, 2017, to December 31, 2017, and includes temperature (Ta_1_AVG), relative humidity (RH_1_AVG), vapour pressure (Pvapor_1_AVG), average wind speed (WS_AVG), atmospheric pressure (P_1), average downward longwave radiation (DLR_5_AVG), average upward longwave radiation (ULR_5_AVG), average net radiation (Rn_5_AVG), average soil temperature (Ts_TCAV_AVG), soil water content (Smoist_AVG), total precipitation (Rain_7_TOT), downward longwave radiation (CG3_down_Avg), upward longwave radiation (CGR3_up_Avg), average photosynthetically active radiation (Par_Avg), etc. The temporal resolution is 1 hour. Missing observations have been assigned a value of -99999.

2020-06-03

The simulated meteorology data by using WRF model on the Tibetan Plateau and its surronding area (2004-2013)

This data set is output from WRF model. The data include ‘LU_INDEX’ (land use category), ‘ZNU’(eta values on half (mass) levels), ‘ZNW’(eta values on full (w) levels),’ZS’(depths of centers of soil layers), ‘DZS’ (thicknesses of soil layers), ‘VAR_SSO’ (variance of subgrid-scale orography), ‘U’(x-wind component), ‘V’(y-wind component),’W’(z-wind component),’T’(perturbation potential temperature (theta-t0)), ‘Q2’ ('QV at 2 M), ‘T2’ (TEMP at 2 M), ‘TH2’ ('POT TEMP at 2 M), ‘PSFC’ (SFC pressure), ‘U10’ (U at 10 M), ‘V10’ (V at 10 M), ‘QVAPOR’ (Water vapor mixing ratio), ‘QLOUD’ (Cloud water mixing ratio),’QRAIN’ (Rain water mixing ratio), ‘QICE’ (Ice mixing ratio), ‘QSNOW’ (Snow mixing ratio), ‘SHDMAX’ (annual max veg fraction), ‘SHDMIN’ (annual min veg fraction), ‘SNOALB’ (annual max snow albedo in fraction), ‘TSLB’ (soil temperature), ‘SMOIS’ (soil moisture), ‘GRDFLX’ (ground heat flux), ‘LAI’ (Leaf area index),’ HGT’ (Terrain Height), ‘TSK’ (surface skin temperature), ‘SWDOWN’ (downward short wave flux at ground surface), ‘GLW’ (downward long wave flux at ground surface), ‘HFX’ (upward heat flux at the surface), ‘QFX’ (upward moisture flux at the surface), ‘LH’ (latent heat flux at the surface), ‘SNOWC’ (flag indicating snow coverage (1 for snow cover)), and so on. The data is in netCDF format with a spatial resolution of 10 km.

2020-04-28

China regional atmospheric driving dataset based on geostationary satellites and reanalysis data (2005-2010)

Based on the geostationary satellites and reanalysis data, the China Regional Atmospheric Driving Dataset is a set of atmospheric driving data sets with high spatiotemporal resolution prepared by the China Meteorological Administration, with a spatial resolution of 0.1 ° × 0.1 ° and a temporal resolution of 1 Hours, covering a range of 75 ° -135 ° east longitude and 15 ° -55 ° north latitude, include 6 elements of near-surface temperature, relative humidity, ground pressure, near-surface wind speed, incident solar radiation on the ground, and ground precipitation rate. The preparation process of precipitation products is as follows: The 6-hour cumulative precipitation estimated from the multi-channel data of the China Fengyun-2 geostationary satellite is integrated with the 6-hour cumulative precipitation from conventional ground observations to obtain 6-hour cumulative precipitation spatial distribution data, and then use the high-resolution cloud classification information retrieved from the multi-channel inversion of the geostationary satellites determines the interpolation time weight of the cumulative precipitation and obtains an estimated one-hour cumulative precipitation. The preparation process of the radiation data is as follows: The surface incident solar radiation based on FY-2C, uses the radiation transmission model DISORT (Discrete Ordinates Radiative Transfer Program for a Multi-Layered Plane-parallel Medium) to calculate the radiation transmission and obtains the data of surface incident solar radiation in China. Preparation process of other elements: The space and time interpolation method is used for the NCEP reanalysis data of 1.0 ° × 1.0 ° to obtain driving factors such as near-surface air temperature, relative humidity, ground pressure, and near-surface wind speed of 0.1 ° × 0.1 ° per hour. Physical meaning of each variable: Meteorological Elements || Variable Name || Unit || Physical Meaning | Surface temperature || TBOT || K || Surface temperature (2m) | Surface pressure || PSRF || Pa || Surface pressure | Relative humidity on the ground || RH || kg / kg || Relative humidity near the ground (2m) | Wind speed on the ground || WIND || m / s || Wind speed near the ground (anemometer height) | Surface incident solar radiation || FSDS || W / m2 || Surface incident solar radiation | Precipitation Rate || PRECTmms || mm / hr || Precipitation Rate For more information, see the data documentation published with the data.

2020-03-31

China meteorological forcing dataset (1979-2015)

The Chinese regional surface meteorological element data set is a set of near-surface meteorological and environmental element reanalysis data set developed by the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data set is based on the existing Princeton reanalysis data, GLDAS data, GEWEX-SRB radiation data and TRMM precipitation data in the world, and is made by combining the conventional meteorological observation data of China Meteorological Administration. The temporal resolution is 3 hours and the horizontal spatial resolution is 0.1, including 7 factors (variables) including near-surface air temperature, near-surface air pressure, near-surface air specific humidity, near-surface full wind speed, ground downward short wave radiation, ground downward long wave radiation and ground precipitation rate. The physical meaning of each variable: | Meteorological Element || Variable Name || Unit || Physical Meaning | near-surface temperature ||temp|| K || instantaneous near-surface (2m) temperature | surface pressure || pres|| Pa || instantaneous surface pressure | specific humidity of near-surface air || shum || kg/ kg || instantaneous specific humidity of near-surface air | near ground full wind speed || wind || m /s || instantaneous near ground (anemometer height) full wind speed | downward short wave radiation || srad || W/m2 || 3-hour average (-1.5 HR ~+1.5 HR) downward short wave radiation | Downward Long Wave Radiation ||lrad ||W/m2 ||3-hour Average (-1.5 hr ~+1.5 hr) Downward Long Wave Radiation | precipitation rate ||prec||mm/hr ||3-hour average (-3.0 HR ~ 0.0 HR) precipitation rate For more information, please refer to the "User's Guide for China Meteorological Al Forcing Dataset" published with the data. The main changes in the latest version (01.06.0014) are: 1. Extend the data to December 2015 (except for short-wave and long-wave data, only until October 2015; the data from November to December 2015 are interpolated based on GLDAS data, and the error may be too large); 2. Set the minimum wind speed at 0.05 m/s; 3. Fixed a bug in the previous radiation algorithm to make our short wave and long wave data more reasonable in the morning and evening periods. 4. bug of precipitation data has been corrected, and the period involved in the change is 2011-2015.

2020-03-28