In recent years, the Antarctic Ice Sheet experiences substantial surface melt, and a large amount of meltwater formed on the ice surface. Observing the spatial distribution and temporal evolution of surface meltwater is a crucial task for understanding mass balance across the Antarctic Ice Sheet. This dataset provides a 30 m surface meltwater coverage, extracted from Landsat images, in the typical ablation zone of the ice sheet (Alexandria Island, Antarctic Peninsula) from 2000 to 2019. The projection of this dataset is South Polar Stereographic. The formats of the dataset are vector (.shp) and raster (.tif).
The Antarctic Peninsula is also called "Palmer peninsula" or "Graham land". Located in the southwest polar continent, it is the largest peninsula in the Antarctic continent and the farthest peninsula extending northward into the ocean (63 ° south latitude), bordering the Weddell Sea and berengske sea in the East and West. The Antarctic Peninsula is known as the "tropics" of Antarctica. This is a typical sub polar marine climate. Compared with the Antarctic continent, it is one of the warmest and wettest regions in Antarctica. There are a small number of pioneer plants distributed on the islands in the marginal area, mainly bryophytes and lichens. The plant abundance data products of Antarctic Peninsula and its surrounding areas are matched with remote sensing images through measured spectra, and the end element spectra of moss, lichen, rock, sea and snow are extracted with pure pixel PPI. The linear mixture model (LMM) is applied to calculate. The vegetation coverage of Fildes Peninsula is obtained according to the linear relationship between the vegetation coverage and the abundance.
Contact SupportNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS 0931-4967287 email@example.com
LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center