Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of Chinese cryospheric data. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, and provide parameters and verification data for the development of response and feedback models of permafrost, glacier and snow cover to global changes under GIS framework. On the other hand, the system collates and rescues valuable cryospheric data to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and analysis tool. Chinese Cryospheric Information System contains three basic databases of different research regions. The basic database of Urumqi river basin is one of three basic databases, which covers the Urumqi river basin in tianshan mountain, east longitude 86-89 °, and north latitude 42-45 °, mainly containing the following data: 1. Cryospheric data.Include: Distribution of glacier no. 1 and glacier no. 2; 2. Natural environment and resources.Include: Terrain digital elevation: elevation, slope, slope direction; Hydrology: current situation of water resource utilization;Surface water; Surface characteristics: vegetation type;Soil type;Land resource evaluation map;Land use status map; 3. Social and economic resources: a change map of human action; Please refer to the documents (in Chinese): "Chinese Cryospheric Information System design. Doc" and "Chinese Cryospheric Information System data dictionary. Doc".
The data set contains the location information and soil systematic type data of typical soil samples from the Heihe River Basin from July 2012 to August 2014. The typical soil sample collection method in the Heihe River Basin is representative sampling, which refers to the typical soil types that can be collected in the landscape area, and collects highly representative samples as much as possible. According to the Chinese soil systematic classification, the soil type of each section is divided based on the diagnostic layer and diagnostic characteristics. The sample points are divided into 8 soil orders: organic soil, anthropogenic soil, Aridisol, halomorphic soil, Gleysol, isohumicsoill , Cambisol, Entisol, and 39 sub-categories.
一.An overview The 1:100,000 soil database in the upper reaches of the Yellow River was tailored from the 1:100,000 soil database in China.The 1:100,000 soil database of China is based on the 1:100,000 soil map of the People's Republic of China compiled and published by the national soil census office in 1995.The database adopts the traditional "soil genetic classification" system, and the basic mapping unit is subcategories, which are divided into 12 classes of soil, 61 classes of soil and 227 classes of soil, covering all kinds of soil and its main attribute data in China. 二. Data processing instructions The 1:1 million soil database of China was established by the soil resources and digital management innovation research team led by shi xuezheng of nanjing soil research institute, Chinese academy of sciences, after four years.The database consists of two parts: soil spatial database and soil attribute database.The establishment of the database was funded by the knowledge innovation program of the Chinese academy of sciences and completed under the leadership of liu jiyuan and zhuang dafang. 三. data content description The soil spatial database, 1:1 million digitized soil maps of the country, is based on the 1:1 million soil maps of the People's Republic of China compiled and published by the national census offices in 1995.The digitized soil map faithfully reflects the appearance of the original soil map and inherited the mapping unit when the original soil map was compiled. Most of the basic mapping units are soil genera, which are divided into 12 classes, 61 classes and 235 subclasses. It is the only and most detailed digitized soil map in China. The soil attribute database, whose attribute data is quoted from the soil species record of China, is divided into six volumes, and nearly 2,540 soil species are collected.Soil property data can be divided into soil physical properties, soil chemical properties and soil nutrients.Soil physical properties soil particle composition and soil texture, soil chemical properties such as PH value, organic matter, soil nutrients include all N, all P, all K and effective P and effective K. 四. Data usage instructions Soil types and soil properties are an important content in the study of physical geography. With the help of 1:100,000 soil database in the upper reaches of the Yellow River, the type, quantity and spatial distribution of soil resources in the upper reaches of the Yellow River as well as the soil environment and characteristics can be understood and analyzed.This data set is of great significance for the early warning of large-scale soil erosion and the prediction of natural disasters in the upper reaches of the Yellow River.