This data set is the data set of Lake elements in Hoh Xil area of Qinghai Province, which records the main lake characteristics and water quality sampling and analysis data in detail. There are many lakes in Hoh Xil area of Qinghai Province, which is one of the concentrated distribution areas of lakes in Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The basic characteristics of Lake Development in this area are: large quantity, many types and complex structure. According to preliminary statistics, there are 107 lakes with an area of more than 1km2, with a total area of 3825km2 and a lake degree of about 0.05. The original data of the data set is digitized from the book "natural environment of Hoh Xil region in Qinghai Province", which includes 35 main lake characteristic data and 60 lake water chemical analysis data. This data set provides basic data for the study of Hoh Xil area in Qinghai Province, and has reference value for the research in related fields.
The data set is measured by YSI exo2 water quality multi parameter measuring instrument on the Bank of middle lake of Ranwu lake from April to November every year from 2014 to 2020. The sampling interval is 0.25s-1s. The data is the average value after the instrument is stabilized. The sampling geographic coordinates are: longitude 96.795296, latitude 29.459066, altitude 3925m. The measurement parameters are water temperature, conductivity, dissolved oxygen and turbidity, and the specific parameter unit is indicated in the meter. Data culling part of the obvious outliers, the document is empty, please pay attention to the use. The data will be updated from time to time, and can be used by researchers of water chemistry, Lake microorganism or lake physical and chemical properties in Ranwu Lake Basin.
The data include the collection of elements and isotopes of river water and groundwater (including spring water) in hulugou small watershed of Heihe River. Sampling location: (1) There are two river water sampling points, one of which is located at the outlet weir of hulugou small watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The second sampling point is located at the outlet of hulugou area II in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. (2) The sampling points of groundwater spring and well water are located at 20m to the east of the drainage basin outlet, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ n. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of East and West Branch ditches, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n. Data Description: 1. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were analyzed. The DOC and DIC values of the samples were tested by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C. 2. From July to September 2014, the δ D and δ 18O values of precipitation, river water and groundwater in hulugou small watershed were measured by Picaro l2130-i ultra-high precision liquid water and water vapor isotope analyzer. The results were expressed by δ values relative to the international standard material v-smow, with the measurement accuracy of 0.038 ‰ and 0.011 ‰ respectively. 3. Doc values of river water and soil water at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from May to September 2013 were determined by analytikjena multi n / C 3100 total nitrogen and total carbon tester. 4. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were measured by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C.
一. data description The data included the precipitation, river water and groundwater in the small calabash valley from July to September 2015 2H, 18O, with a sampling frequency of 2 weeks/time. 二. Sampling location (1) the precipitation sampling point is located in the ecological hydrology station of the institute of cold and dry regions, Chinese academy of sciences, with the latitude and longitude of 99 ° 53 '06.66 "E, 38 ° 16' 18.35" N. (2) the sampling point of the river is located at the outlet flow weir of haugugou small watershed in the upper reaches of the heihe river, with the latitude and longitude of 99 ° 52 '47.7 "E and 38 ° 16' 11" N.The water sampling point number 2 position for heihe river upstream hoist ditch Ⅱ area exports, latitude and longitude 99 ° 52 '58.40 "E, 38 ° 14' 36.85" N. (3) underground water spring and well water sampling points.The sampling point of spring water is located at 20m to the east of the outlet of the basin, with the latitude and longitude of 99°52 '50.9 "E, 38°16' 11.44" N. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of east and west branches, with the latitude and longitude of 99 ° 52 '45.38 "E, 38 ° 15' 21.27" N. 三. Test method The δ2H and δ18O values of the samples were measured by PICARRO L2130-i ultra-high precision liquid water and water vapor isotope analyzer. The results were expressed by the test accuracy value of v-smow relative to the international standard substance, and the measurement accuracy was 0.038‰ and 0.011‰, respectively.
1、 Data Description: the data includes the samples of anions and anions of river water and groundwater in hulugou small watershed from July to September 2015 for test and analysis. The sampling frequency is once every two weeks. 2、 Sampling location: (1) there are two river water sampling points. One is located at the outlet flow weir of hulugou small watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with latitude and longitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The second sampling point of the river is located at the outlet of hulugou area II at the upper reaches of Heihe River, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. (2) Underground water spring and well water sampling points are 20 m to the east of the drainage basin outlet, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ n. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of the East and West Branch ditches, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n. 3、 Test method: the cation of sample is tested by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES), the test accuracy is 0.05mg/l, and the anion is tested by ion chromatograph (ics1100), the test accuracy is 0.002mg/l.
The concentration of major ions and their molar ratios are used to identify sources of the solutes and highlight their hydrochemical evolutions in surface waters. In order to analyze the spatial distribution characteristics and further explore the formation reason and environmental significance, major ions were measured in lake and river water samples collected in the Lake Balkash basin. Ca2+ and HCO3− were the dominant ions of river waters, and originated mainly from carbonate weathering. Lakes waters are of the Na-SO4 2− and Na-Cl- type, reflecting persistent, long-term evaporation under an arid climate.
In this study, major ions in water samples from the Lake Balkhash catchment were analyzed using an integration of mathematical statistics, Piper three-line map, Gibbs model and principal component analysis (PCA). Water types and main mechanisms controlling the hyrdochemistry presented a visible spatial heterogeneity. The chemical composition of lake waters was dominant with SO4-Na and Cl-Na, whereas river waters were classified as HCO3-Ca. The chemical composition downward the Ili River waters evolved from bicarbonate to sulfate and chlorination type. Gibbs model suggested that the main mechanisms control the lake water chemistry were evaporation-crystallization processes and major ions in river water were affected by the processes of rock-weathering and evaporation. The controlling factors in water chemistry changed from the upstream to downstream of the Ili River, which may be contributed to the lager impacts of precipitation and discharge of snow melting water on the upper waters, whereas more influence of evaporation on the lower waters. Furthermore, PCA analysis showed that human activities also play an important role in the chemical composition of lake water, middle and lower reaches of Ili River and other rivers.
The data set is the multi parameter data of water samples collected from the Lake Aral Sea basin in 2019, which is used to obtain the basic physical and chemical index data of the lake and prepare for the subsequent modern observation and research of the lake. The data observation time is July 26, 2019. The measuring instrument is YSI EXO2 water quality multi parameter measuring instrument. Before each measurement, the instrument is calibrated according to the altitude of the lake and the local air pressure. The measurement interval is set as 1s, and the delivery speed is slow, so as to ensure the high continuity of data acquisition. The original data obtained includes the measurement data exposed in the air above the water surface, which is eliminated in the later processing. The data is stored in Excel file.
This data includes the daily average water temperature data at different depths of Nam Co Lake in Tibet which is obtained through field monitoring. The data is continuously recorded by deploying the water quality multi-parameter sonde and temperature thermistors in the water with the resolution of 10 minutes and 2 hours, respectively, and the daily average water temperature is calculated based on the original observed data. The instruments and methods used are very mature and data processing is strictly controlled to ensure the authenticity and reliability of the data; the data has been used in the basic research of physical limnology such as the study of water thermal stratification, the study of lake-air heat balance, etc., and to validate the lake water temperature data derived from remote sensing and different lake models studies. The data can be used in physical limnology, hydrology, lake-air interaction, remote sensing data assimilation verification and lake model research.
This data set contains the daily values of water temperature and water level change in Ranwu Lake in Tibet from May 15, 2009, to December 31, 2016. Observation instrument model: an automatic HOBO water level and temperature logger U20-001-01; acquisition time: 30 minutes. The data were collected automatically. The observations and data collection were performed in strict accordance with the instrument operating specifications, and the data have been published in relevant academic journals. Data with obvious errors were removed, and the missing data were replaced by null values. Data collection location: Ranwu Lake, southeast Tibet Middle lake outlet: longitude: 96°46'16"; latitude: 29°29'28"; elevation: 3928 m. Lower Lake outlet: longitude: 96°38'52"; latitude: 29°28'52"; elevation: 3923 m. Laigu upper Lake: longitude: 94°49'49"; latitude: 29°18'07"; elevation: 4025 m. This data contains fileds as follows: Field 1: Site Number Data type: Alphanumeric characters (50) Field 2: Time Data type: Date type Field 3: Water temperature, °C Data type: Double-precision floating-point format Field 4: Relative water level, cm Data type: Double-precision floating-point format