This data set is the data set of Lake elements in Hoh Xil area of Qinghai Province, which records the main lake characteristics and water quality sampling and analysis data in detail. There are many lakes in Hoh Xil area of Qinghai Province, which is one of the concentrated distribution areas of lakes in Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The basic characteristics of Lake Development in this area are: large quantity, many types and complex structure. According to preliminary statistics, there are 107 lakes with an area of more than 1km2, with a total area of 3825km2 and a lake degree of about 0.05. The original data of the data set is digitized from the book "natural environment of Hoh Xil region in Qinghai Province", which includes 35 main lake characteristic data and 60 lake water chemical analysis data. This data set provides basic data for the study of Hoh Xil area in Qinghai Province, and has reference value for the research in related fields.
This data provides the annual lake area of 582 lakes with an area greater than 1 km2 in the enorheic basin of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from 1986 to 2019. First, based on JRC and SRTM DEM data, 582 lakes are identified in the area that are larger than 1 km2. All Landsat 5/7/8 remote sensing images covering a lake are used to make annual composite images. NDWI index and Ostu algorithm were used to dynamically segment lakes, and the size of each lake from 1986 to 2019 is then calculated. This study is based on the Landsat satellite remote sensing images, and using Google Earth Engine allowed us to process all Landsat images available to create the most complete annual lake area data set of more than 1 km2 in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau area; A set of lake area automatic extraction algorithms were developed to calculate of the area of a lake for many years; This data is of great significance for the analysis of lake area dynamics and water balance in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau region, as well as the study of the climate change of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau lake.
1) data content (including elements and significance): transparency data of 152 lakes greater than 50 km2 in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in 2000-2019 (Saybolt disk value) 2) Data source and processing method: the data inversion is based on the high-precision transparency inversion model and modis-modocga product data. The remote sensing data is converted into the remote sensing reflectivity R ﹐ RS inversion transparency value, and the annual mean value is calculated. The average value of 3 × 3 pixels in the geometric center of the lake represents the lake. For the case where the geometric center is located outside the lake, the open water area of the lake is taken for calculation. 3) Data quality description: annual average value of lakes. 4) Results and prospects of data application: climate change may change Lake transparency, while the change of Lake transparency will play a feedback role in regional climate change. In this study, the inversion of Lake transparency in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau provides basic data for the energy exchange of the lake air interface.
1) area data of 317 lakes larger than 10 km2 in 1976, 1990, 2000, 2005 and 2013 were obtained based on multi temporal Landsat images; 2) Combining SRTM DEM and Landsat images, the data of lake water volume change in 1976-1990, 1990-2000, 2000-2005 and 2005-2013 were obtained; 3) The accuracy of Lake area is controlled in one pixel, and the accuracy of water volume change is about 5%; 4) This data has been applied to the study of recent changes in lake water volume in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and the results have been published in remote sensing of environment. In other future studies, this data can also be used as basic data, as well as in the analysis of changes in ecological environment, climate change, Lake water quality, etc
The dataset is the distribution map of lakes in Qinghai Lake Basin. The projection is latitude and longitude. The data includes the spatial distribution data and attribute data of the lake. The attribute fields of the lake are: NAME (lake name), CODE (lake code).
This data includes the daily average water temperature data at different depths of Nam Co Lake in Tibet which is obtained through field monitoring. The data is continuously recorded by deploying the water quality multi-parameter sonde and temperature thermistors in the water with the resolution of 10 minutes and 2 hours, respectively, and the daily average water temperature is calculated based on the original observed data. The instruments and methods used are very mature and data processing is strictly controlled to ensure the authenticity and reliability of the data; the data has been used in the basic research of physical limnology such as the study of water thermal stratification, the study of lake-air heat balance, etc., and to validate the lake water temperature data derived from remote sensing and different lake models studies. The data can be used in physical limnology, hydrology, lake-air interaction, remote sensing data assimilation verification and lake model research.
The data set includes the vertical profile of water quality and the multi-parameter data of surface water quality of Selincho Lake during the investigation of the sources of rivers and lakes from June to July of 2017. The main water quality parameters measured are dissolved oxygen, conductivity, pH, water temperature, etc. YSI EXO2 water quality multi-parameter measuring instrument is calibrated according to lake surface elevation and local pressure before each measurement. The time interval of measurement is set at 0.25s, and the speed of putting in is slow, so he high continuity of data acquisition is guaranteed. The original data obtained include the measured data exposed to air above the water surface, which are eliminated in the later processing.
This data set includes the water depth measurement data during the Jianghuyuan expedition from June to July 2017 over the Kering Tso Lake. The measurement time is on July 2, 2017. The data was measured by Lowrance HDS-5 sonar sounder. The original data was generated by surfer 13 software and Kriging difference method. The original data contained more invalid depth data, which had been screened out in the later stage of collation. The survey line is reasonable to ensure that the data cover all depth gradients.
This data set comprises the depth measurements of Co Ngoin Lake during the River and Lake Source Investigation from June to July in 2017. The measurements were obtained on June 24, 2017 using a Lowrance HDS-5 sonar depth finder. The original data are made into the isobath map processed by the Surfer 13 software using the Kriging method. The original measured data contain numerous invalid depth data, all of which has been eliminated in the postselection process. The selected measurement line is reasonable, and the data cover various depth gradients.
This data set is the hydrogen and oxygen isotope ratio data of water samples collected in the Selincuo, Gayringco, and Co Ngoin Lake during the Water Source Study in 2017. The water sample collection time is from June 2017 to July 2017. It can be used in Lake Water Cycle, Lake Environmental Changes, Study of Isotopic Geochemistry and other disciplinary areas.