This dataset contains 18 years (2002-2020) global spatio-temporal consistent surface soil moisture . The resolution is 36 km at daily scale, and the data unit is m3 / m3. This dataset adopts the soil moisture neural network retrieval algorithm developed by Yao et al. (2017). This study transfers the merits of SMAP to AMSR-E/2 through using an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) in which SMAP standard SSM products serve as training targets with AMSR-E/2 brightness temperature (TB) as input. Finally, long term soil moisture data are output. The accuracy is about 5% volumetric water content. (evaluation accuracy of 14 dense ground network globally.)
The data include soil organic matter data of Tibetan Plateau , with a spatial resolution of 1km*1km and a time coverage of 1979-1985.The data source is the soil carbon content generated from the second soil census data.Soil organic matter mainly comes from plants, animals and microbial residues, among which higher plants are the main sources.The organisms that first appeared in the parent material of primitive soils were microorganisms.With the evolution of organisms and the development of soil forming process, animal and plant residues and their secretions become the basic sources of soil organic matter.The data is of great significance for analyzing the ecological environment of Tibetan Plateau
This dataset contains daily 0.01°×0.01° land surface soil moisture products in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 2005, 2010, 2015, 2017, and 2018. The dataset was produced by utilizing the multivariate statistical regression model to downscale the “SMAP Time-Expanded 0.25°×0.25° Land Surface Soil Moisture Dataset in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (SMsmapTE, V1)”. The auxiliary datasets participating in the multivariate statistical regression include GLASS Albedo/LAI/FVC, 1km all-weather surface temperature data in western China by Ji Zhou, and Lat/Lon information.
This dataset contains land surface soil moisture products with SMAP time-expanded daily 0.25°×0.25°in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Area. The dataset was produced based on the Random Forest method by utilizing passive microwave brightness temperature along with some auxiliary datasets. The temporal resolution of the product in 1980,1985,1990,1995 and 2000 is monthly, by using SMMR, SSM/I, and SSMIS brightness temperature from 19 GHz V/H and 37 GHz V channels. The temporal resolution of the product between June 20, 2002 and Dec 30, 2018 is daily, by utilizing AMSR-E and AMSR2 brightness temperature from 6.925 GHz V/H, 10.65 GHz V/H, and 36.5 GHz V channels. The auxiliary datasets participating in the Random Forest training include the IGBP land cover type, GTOPO30 DEM, and Lat/Lon information.
Soil data are extremely important at both global and local scales, and in the absence of reliable soil data, land degradation assessments, environmental impact studies and sustainable land management interventions are severely hampered。By Soil information data in the urgent need of the World, especially under the background of the convention on climate change, international institute for applied systems analysis (IIASA) and the UN food and agriculture organization (FAO) and the Kyoto protocol on Soil carbon measurement and the United Nations food and agriculture organization (FAO)/international global agriculture ecological assessment (GAEZ v3.0) jointly established under the sponsorship of a new generation of World Soil Database (Harmonized World Soil Database version 1.2) (HWSD V1.2). The 2010 data set of soil texture on the qinghai-tibet plateau was culled from the world soil database.Data format :grid format, projected as WGS84.The main soil classification system used is fao-90.Unique verification identifier of core soil institution unit: Mu_global-hwsd database soil mapping unit identifier that connects GIS layers. MU_SOURCE1 and MU_SOURCE2- source database mapping unit identifiers； SEQ- soil unit sequence in the composition of soil mapping unit; Soil classification system USES fao-7 classification system or fao-90 classification system (SU_SYM74 resp.su_sym90) or fao-85 (SU_SYM85). The main fields of the soil property sheet include: ID(database ID) MU_GLOBAL(soil unit identifier) (global) SU_SYMBOL Soil mapping unit SU_SYM74(FAO74classify ); SU_SYM85(FAO85classify); SU_SYM90（FAO90The soil name in a soil classification system)； SU_CODE Soil mapping unit code SU_CODE74 Soil unit name SU_CODE85 Soil unit name SU_CODE90 Soil unit name DRAINAGE(19.5); REF_DEPTH(Soil reference depth); AWC_CLASS(19.5); AWC_CLASS(Soil available water content); PHASE1: Real (The soil phase); PHASE2: String (The soil phase); ROOTS: String (Depth classification of obstacles to the bottom of the soil)； SWR: String (Characteristics of soil moisture content)； ADD_PROP: Real (A specific soil type in a soil unit that is associated with agricultural use)； T_TEXTURE(Topsoil texture); T_GRAVEL: Real (Percentage of aggregate volume on top)；( unit：%vol.) T_SAND: Real (Top sand content)； ( unit：% wt.) T_SILT: Real (surface silt content);(unit: % wt.) T_CLAY: Real (clay content on top);(unit: % wt.) T_USDA_TEX: Real (top-level USDA soil texture classification);(unit: name) T_REF_BULK: Real (top soil bulk density);(unit: kg/dm3.) T_OC: Real (top organic carbon content);(unit: % weight) T_PH_H2O: Real (top ph) (unit: -log(H+)) T_CEC_CLAY: Real (the cationic exchange capacity of the clay layer at the top);(unit: cmol/kg) T_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of topsoil) (unit: cmol/kg) T_BS: Real (top basic saturation);(unit: %) T_TEB: Real (top exchange base);(unit: cmol/kg) T_CACO3: Real (top carbonate or lime content) (unit: % weight) T_CASO4: Real (top-level sulfate content);(unit: % weight) T_ESP: Real (top layer exchangeable sodium salt);(unit: %) T_ECE: Real (top-level conductivity).(unit: dS/m) S_GRAVEL: Real (percentage of bottom gravel volume);(unit: % vol.) S_SAND: Real (content of underlying sand);(unit: % wt.) S_SILT: Real (substratum silt content);(unit: % wt.) S_CLAY: Real (clay content in the bottom layer);(unit: % wt.) S_USDA_TEX: Real (USDA underlying soil texture classification);(unit: name) S_REF_BULK: Real (bulk density of underlying soil);(unit: kg/dm3.) S_OC: Real (bottom organic carbon content);(unit: % weight) S_PH_H2O: Real (base ph) (unit: -log(H+)) S_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the underlying cohesive soil);(unit: cmol/kg) S_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of underlying soil) (unit: cmol/kg) S_BS: Real (underlying basic saturation);(unit: %) S_TEB: Real (underlying exchangeable base);(unit: cmol/kg) S_CACO3: Real (content of underlying carbonate or lime) (unit: % weight) S_CASO4: Real (substrate sulfate content);(unit: % weight) S_ESP: Real (underlying exchangeable sodium salt);(unit: %) S_ECE: Real (underlying conductivity).(unit: dS/m) This database is divided into two layers, in which the top layer (T) has a soil thickness of (0-30cm) and the bottom layer (S) has a soil thickness of (30-100cm).。 Refer to the instructions for other attribute values HWSD1.2_documentation.pdf，The Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD V1.2) Viewer-Chinese description andHWSD.mdb。
These data contain two data files: GLOBELAND30 TILES (raw data) and TIBET_ GLOBELAND30_MOSAIC (mosaic data). The raw data were downloaded from the Global Land Cover Data website (GlobalLand3) (http://www.globallandcover.com) and cover the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas. The raw data were stored in frames, and for the convenience of using the data, we use Erdas software to splice and mosaic the raw data. The Global Land Cover Data (GlobalLand30) is the result of the “Global Land Cover Remote Sensing Mapping and Key Technology Research”, which is a key project of the National 863 Program. Using the American Landsat images (TM5, ETM+) and Chinese Environmental Disaster Reduction Satellite images (HJ-1), the data were extracted by a comprehensive method based on pixel classification-object extraction-knowledge checks. The data include 10 primary land cover types—cultivated land, forest, grassland, shrub, wetland, water body, tundra, man-made cover, bare land, glacier and permanent snow—without extracting secondary types. In terms of accuracy assessment, nine types and more than 150,000 test samples were evaluated. The overall accuracy of the GlobeLand30-2010 data is 80.33%. The Kappa indicator is 0.75. The GlobeLand30 data use the WGS84 coordinate system, UTM projection, and 6-degree banding, and the reference ellipsoid is the WGS 84 ellipsoid. According to different latitudes, the data are organized into two types of framing. In the regions of 60° north and south latitudes, the framing is carried out according to a size of 5° (latitude) × 6° (longitude); in the regions of 60° to 80° north and south latitudes, the framing is carried out according to a size of 5° (latitude) × 12° (longitude). The framing is projected according to the central meridian of the odd 6° band. GLOBELAND30 TILES: The original, unprocessed raw data are retained. TIBET_ GLOBELAND30_MOSAIC: The Erdas software is used to mosaic the raw data. The parameter settings use the default value of the raw data to retain the original, and the accuracy is consistent with that of the downloading site.
This dataset is the spatial distribution map of the marshes in the source region of the Yellow River near the Zaling Lake-Eling Lake, covering an area of about 21,000 square kilometers. The data set is classified by the Landsat 8 image through an expert decision tree and corrected by manual visual interpretation. The spatial resolution of the image is 30 m, using the WGS 1984 UTM projected coordinate system, and the data format is grid format. The image is divided into five types of land, the land type 1 is “water body”, the land type 2 is “high-cover vegetation”, the land type 3 is “naked land”, and the land type 4 is “low-cover vegetation”, and the land type 5 is For "marsh", low-coverage vegetation and high-coverage vegetation are distinguished by vegetation coverage. The threshold is 0.1 to 0.4 for low-cover vegetation and 0.4 to 1 for high-cover vegetation.
This data includes the soil microbial composition data in permafrost of different ages in Barrow area of the Arctic. It can be used to explore the response of soil microorganisms to the thawing in permafrost of different ages. This data is generated by high through-put sequencing using the earth microbiome project primers are 515f – 806r. The region amplified is the V4 hypervariable region, and the sequencing platform is Illumina hiseq PE250; This data is used in the articles published in cryosphere, Permafrost thawing exhibits a greater influence on bacterial richness and community structure than permafrost age in Arctic permafrost soils. The Cryosphere, 2020, 14, 3907–3916, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-3907-2020https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-3907-2020 . This data can also be used for the comparative analysis of soil microorganisms across the three poles.
The dataset of the automatic meteorological observations (2008-2009) was obtained at the Pailugou grassland station (E100°17'/N38°34', 2731m) in the Dayekou watershed, Zhangye city, Gansu province. The items included multilayer (1.5m and 3m) of the air temperature and air humidity, the wind speed (2.2m and 3.7m) and direction, the air pressure, precipitation, the global radiation, the net radiation, co2 (2.8m and 3.5m), the multilayer soil temperature (10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 60cm, 120cm and 160cm), soil moisture (10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 60cm, 120cm and 160cm), and soil heat flux (5cm, 10cm and 15cm). For more details, please refer to Readme file.
In the past 50 years, under the background of global climate change, with the increase of population and economic development, Eurasian grassland has been seriously degraded. One belt, one road surface, is a key indicator of grassland quality. Its spatial temporal pattern and distribution can directly reflect the degradation of grassland. Effective assessment of grassland quality is of great significance for the sustainable development of the countries along the border and the promotion of China's "one belt and one road" strategy. In previous studies, there is room for improvement in accuracy and accuracy of spatial and temporal distribution of soil properties. With the development of geographic information system, global positioning system, various sensors and soil mapping technology, digital soil mapping has gradually become an efficient method to express the spatial distribution of soil. Based on soil landscape science and spatial autocorrelation theory, this study combined multi-source sample data and environmental covariate data, and used machine learning model to predict the spatial distribution of surface soil attributes of warm grassland in Eurasia around 2000. In order to solve the problem of soil sample standardization, the equal area spline function was used to fit the soil properties of different profiles to the soil properties of 20 cm in the surface layer, and the soil particle distribution parameter model was used to transform the classification standards of different soil textures into the United States system. In order to solve the problem of insufficient number of soil samples, pseudo expert observation points were used to supplement soil organic matter and sand content samples in under sampling area; stepwise regression combined with support vector machine model was used, and effective soil bulk density simulation samples were screened by calculating threshold. According to the characteristics of complex terrain and climate conditions, combined with multi-source remote sensing data, ngboost model is applied to mine the relationship between soil attributes and environmental landscape factors (topography, climate, vegetation, soil type, etc.) and spatial location based on sample points, and to predict soil organic matter, sand content and bulk density in the study area from 1980 to 1999 and 2000 to 2019 respectively, and the uncertainty of corresponding indicators is given Spatial distribution of sex. The spatial distribution trend of the simulated soil attribute indexes is consistent with the actual situation. Before 2000, the soil organic matter content, bulk density and sand content were 0.64, 0.35 and 0.44 respectively, and the RMSE were 0.25, 0.07 and 13.94 respectively; after 2000, the RMSE were 0.79, 0.77 and 0.86 respectively, and the RMSE were 0.2, 0.13 and 6.61 respectively. The results show that this method can effectively retrieve the soil physical and chemical properties of temperate grassland in Eurasia, and provide a basis for the evaluation of grassland degradation and the construction of grassland quality evaluation system.