Current Browsing: Soil Science


HiWATER: Dataset of ground truth measurements synchronizing with TerraSAR-X satellite overpassing in the Daman Superstation on June 26, 2012

On June 26, 2012, the satellite transit ground synchronous observation was carried out in the TerraSAR-X sample near the super station in the dense observation area of Daman. TerraSAR-X satellite carries X-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR). The daily transit image is HH / VV polarized, with a nominal resolution of 3 m, an incidence angle of 22-24 ° and a transit time of 19:03 (Beijing time), which mainly covers the ecological and hydrological experimental area of the middle reaches artificial oasis. The local synchronous data set can provide the basic ground data set for the development and verification of active microwave remote sensing soil moisture retrieval algorithm. Quadrat and sampling strategy: Six natural blocks are selected in the southeast of the super station, with an area of about 100 m × 100 m. One plot in the northwest corner of the sample plot is watermelon field, others are corn. The basis of sample selection is: (1) considering different vegetation types, i.e. watermelon and corn; (2) considering the visible light pixel, the sample size of 100m square can guarantee at least 4 30 M-pixel is located in the sample; (3) the location of the sample is near the super station, with convenient transportation. The observation of the super station is in the north, and there is a water net node on both sides of the East and the west, which makes it possible to integrate these observations in the future; (4) in addition, there are some obvious points around the sample, which can ensure that the geometric correction of the SAR image is more accurate in the future. Considering the resolution of the image, 21 splines (distributed from east to West) are collected at 5m intervals. Each line has 21 points (north-south direction) at 5m intervals. Three hydroprobe data acquisition systems (HDAS, reference 2) are used to measure at the same time. The sampling interval is controlled by the scale and moving splines on the measuring line to make up for the lack of using hand-held GPS. Measurement content: About 440 points on the quadrat were obtained, and each point was observed twice, i.e. two times in each sampling point, one time inside the film (marked as a in the data record) and one time outside the film (marked as B in the data record); although the watermelon land was also covered with film, considering that it was not laid horizontally, only the soil moisture at the non covered position was measured (marked as B in the two data records). As the HDAS system uses pogo portable soil sensor, the soil temperature, soil moisture (volume moisture content), loss tangent, soil conductivity, real part and imaginary part of soil complex dielectric are observed. Because the vegetation in this area has been sampled and observed once every five days, no special vegetation synchronous sampling has been carried out on that day. Data: The data format of this data set is vector file, the spatial location is the location of each sampling point (WGS84 + UTM 47N), and the measurement information of soil moisture is recorded in the attribute file.

2020-03-14

HiWATER: Dataset of ground truth measurements synchronizing with TerraSAR-X satellite overpassing in the Daman Superstation (June 15, 2012)

On June 15, 2012, the satellite transit ground synchronous observation was carried out in the TerraSAR-X sample near the super station in the dense observation area of Daman. TerraSAR-X satellite carries X-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR). The daily transit image is HH / VV polarized, with a nominal resolution of 3 m, an incidence angle of 22-24 ° and a transit time of 19:03 (Beijing time), which mainly covers the ecological and hydrological experimental area of the middle reaches artificial oasis. The local synchronous data set can provide the basic ground data set for the development and verification of active microwave remote sensing soil moisture retrieval algorithm. Quadrat and sampling strategy: Six natural blocks are selected in the southeast of the super station, with an area of about 100 m × 100 m. One plot in the northwest corner of the sample plot is watermelon field, others are corn. The basis of sample selection is: (1) considering different vegetation types, i.e. watermelon and corn; (2) considering the visible light pixel, the sample size of 100m square can guarantee at least 4 30 M-pixel is located in the sample; (3) the location of the sample is near the super station, with convenient transportation. The observation of the super station is in the north, and there is a water net node on both sides of the East and the west, which makes it possible to integrate these observations in the future; (4) in addition, there are some obvious points around the sample, which can ensure that the geometric correction of the SAR image is more accurate in the future. Considering the resolution of the image, 21 splines (distributed from east to West) are collected at 5 m intervals. Each line has 23 points (north-south direction) at 5 m intervals. Four hydroprobe data acquisition systems (HDAS, reference 2) are used to measure at the same time. The sampling interval is controlled by the scale and moving splines on the measuring line to make up for the lack of using hand-held GPS. Measurement content: About 500 points on the quadrat were obtained, and each point was observed twice, i.e. in each sampling point, once in the film (marked a in the data record) and once out of the film (marked b in the data record); although the watermelon land was also covered with film, considering that it was not laid horizontally, only the soil moisture at the non covered position was measured (marked b in both data records). As the HDAS system uses pogo portable soil sensor, the soil temperature, soil moisture (volume moisture content), loss tangent, soil conductivity, real part and imaginary part of soil complex dielectric are observed. The vegetation team completed the measurement of biomass, Lai, vegetation water content, plant height, row ridge distance, chlorophyll, etc. Data: This data set includes two parts: soil moisture observation and vegetation observation. The former saves the data format as a vector file, the spatial location is the location of each sampling point (WGS84 + UTM 47N), and the measurement information of soil moisture is recorded in the attribute file; the vegetation sampling information is recorded in the excel table.

2020-03-14

HiWATER: WATERNET observation dataset in the upper reaches of the Heihe River Basin (2014)

This data set includes the observation data of 40 water net sensor network nodes in Babao River Basin in the upper reaches of Heihe River since January 2014. Soil moisture of 4cm, 10cm and 20cm is the basic observation of each node; 19 nodes include the observation of soil moisture and surface infrared radiation temperature; 11 nodes include the observation of soil moisture, surface infrared radiation temperature, snow depth and precipitation. The observation frequency is 5 minutes. The data set can be used for hydrological simulation, data assimilation and remote sensing verification. Please refer to "waternet data document 20141206. Docx" for details

2020-03-14

HiWATER:WATERNET observation dataset in the upper reaches of the Heihe River Basin (2013)

This data set includes the observation data of 40 water net sensor network nodes in Babao River Basin in the upper reaches of Heihe River since the end of June 2013. Soil moisture of 4cm, 10cm and 20cm is the basic observation of each node; 19 nodes include the observation of soil moisture and surface infrared radiation temperature; 11 nodes include the observation of soil moisture, surface infrared radiation temperature, snow depth and precipitation. The observation frequency is 5 minutes. The data set can be used for hydrological simulation, data assimilation and remote sensing verification.

2020-03-14

WATER:Dataset of Soil freeze/thaw experiment Observed in the upper reaches of the Heihe River Basin from Nov. 10 to Nov. 14, 2013

This data set includes the continuous observation data set of light temperature and surface temperature and humidity measured by the vehicle borne microwave radiometer from November 10 to 14, 2013 in aroucaochang, arouxiang, Qilian County, Qinghai Province. The surface temperature and humidity include six layers of temperature sensor at the soil depth of 1cm, 3cm, 5cm, 10cm, 15cm, 20cm and six layers of humidity sensor at the soil depth of 0-5cm. The time frequency of routine observation of soil temperature and humidity is 5 minutes. Data details: 1. Time: November 10-14, 2013 2. data: Brightness temperature: observed by vehicle mounted multi frequency passive microwave radiometer, including 6.925, 10.65, 18.7 and 36.5ghz V polarization and H polarization data Soil temperature: use the sensor installed on dt80 and dt85 to measure the soil temperature of 1cm, 5cm, 10cm, 20cm, and 1cm, 3cm, 5cm, 10cm, 15cm, which is measured by the sensor connected to dt80 Soil moisture: use h-probe sensor to measure 0-5cm soil moisture, the probe can measure 0-5cm soil temperature at the same time 3. Data size: 16.7M 4. Data format:. Xls

2020-03-14

Hydrology dataset of picea crassifolia and shrubbery in Pailugou catchment of Qilian Mountains (2012-2013)

The hydrological monitoring of Picea crassifolia and main shrub vegetation types, including canopy interception, soil moisture content and stemflow, was carried out at different altitude gradients in Pailugou catchment of Qilian Mountain. The monitoring time was the dynamic monitoring of growth season in 2012 and 2013.

2020-03-12

The silicon dioxide content of snowmelt water and soil water in Hulugou small watershed (2013-2014)

1、 Data Description: the data includes the content of silica in snowmelt water and soil water in hulugou small watershed from May 2013 to April 2014. 2、 Sampling location: the sampling point of snowmelt water is located near 600m below No.2 meteorological station, with ground elevation of 3514.45m, longitude and latitude of 99 ° 53 ′ 20.655 ″ e, 38 ° 14 ′ 14.987 ″ n. The sampling point of soil water is located at 300m above and below the No.2 meteorological station, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 53 ′ 31.333 ″ E and 38 ° 13 ′ 50.637 ″ n. 3、 Measurement method: the content of silica in the sample was measured by ICP-AES. Silicon dioxide is replaced by the value of Si in the solution.

2020-03-12

The silicon dioxide content of rainfall in Qilian Station in the upstream of the Heiher River and soil water in Hulugou basin in (May 2012-June 2013)

1、 Data description The data include the rainfall in Qilian station of the upper reaches of Heihe River from May 2012 to June 2013 and the content of silica in the soil water of hulugou small watershed. 2、 Sampling location The sampling point of rainfall is located in the Institute of eco hydrological experiment and research, Institute of cold and drought, Chinese Academy of Sciences, hulugou small watershed, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 53 ′ 06.66 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 18.35 ″ n. Soil water sampling point is about 300m above No.2 meteorological station of Chinese Academy of Sciences. The longitude and latitude of the sampling point are 99 ° 53 ′ 31.333 ″ e, 38 ° 13 ′ 50.637 ″ n. 3、 Test method The sample test method is to use hash DR2800 ultraviolet spectrophotometer to test the rainwater obtained from the rain gauge and the soil water collected from the sampling point.

2020-03-12

Dataset of temperature obtained from 10m meteorological tower with 4 levels in Hulugou sub-basin of the Heihe River Basin (2011)

1. Data overview: This data set is the daily scale meteorological gradient data of Qilian station from October 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011 (installed at the end of September 2011). The observation of vg1000 gradient observation system started on October 1, 2011, recording data every 30 mins, and finally generating daily scale data. Through the long-term monitoring of wind speed and direction, air temperature and humidity, radiation and other conventional meteorological elements, combined with high-precision, high scanning frequency data collector for data storage and processing analysis. 2. Data content: The main observation elements include four layers of air temperature, humidity and two-dimensional ultrasonic wind, rain and snow meter, eight layers of ground temperature, soil moisture, etc. 3. Space time scope: Geographic coordinates: longitude: longitude: 99 ° 52 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 15 ′ n; altitude: 3232.3m

2020-03-12

Soil moisture content of Qinhai spruce stand at 2800 m above sea level in Pailougou water shed (2011)

Soil moisture, also known as soil moisture. It's the water that stays in the pores of the soil. The main source of soil water in Picea crassifolia forest is atmospheric precipitation, which is the only source of water absorbed by Picea crassifolia to maintain its growth. This data is the soil moisture data of Picea crassifolia forest measured by the soil moisture intelligent neutron instrument.

2020-03-11