Current Browsing: Soil Science


The monitoring data of soil temperature about a typical soil profile in Hongnigou catchment (September 2012-May 2013 )

1. Data overview The soil temperature monitoring point of the typical soil profile in the small basin of cucurbitou was set in the middle and lower part of the red mud ditch, and its geographical coordinates were 99 ° 52 '25.3 "E, 38 ° 15' 37.97" N. Soil Temperature was observed using HOBO Pendant® Temperature/Light Data Logger 64k-ua-002-64 Temperature recorder. 2. data content Soil temperature monitoring in typical soil profile of hongnigou is divided into seven layers, with depth distribution of 20cm, 40cm, 60cm, 80cm, 120cm, 160cm and 200cm.The frequency of observation is 1 time /15 minutes.The time range of observation data is from September 7, 2012 to May 6, 2013.

2020-03-10

WATER: Dataset of automatic meteorological observations at the national observatory on climatology at Zhangye (2008-2009)

This data set contains the observation data of Zhangye National Climate Observatory from 2008 to 2009. The station is located in Zhangye, Gansu Province, with longitude and latitude of 100 ° 17 ′ e, 39 ° 05 ′ N and altitude of 1456m. The observation items include: atmospheric wind temperature and humidity gradient observation (2cm, 4cm, 10cm, 20m and 30m), wind direction, air pressure, photosynthesis effective radiation, precipitation, radiation four components, surface temperature, multi-layer soil temperature (5cm, 10cm, 15cm, 20cm and 40cm), soil moisture (10cm, 20cm, 50cm, 100cm and 180cm) and soil heat flux (5cm, 10cm and 15cm). Please refer to the instruction document published with the data for specific header and other information.

2020-03-10

WATER: Dataset of forest structure parameter survey at the fixed sampling plot in the Pailugou watershed and Dayekou watershed foci experiment area (2003)

The main contents of this data set are forest, shrub and grassland sample plot survey data.The fixed samples are located in the drainage ditch valley of qilian mountain and the dayaokou valley where the hydrology observation and test site of the water source conservation forest research institute of gansu province is located. The information of the sample is as follows: Number elevation quadrat size longitude latitude surface type G1 2715 20 × 20 100 ° 17 '12 "38 ° 33' 29" qinghai spruce forest G2 2800 20×36 100°17 '07 "38°33' 27" moss spruce forest G3 2840 20×20 100°17 '37 "38°33' 05" moss spruce forest G4 2952 20 × 20 100 ° 17 '59 "38 ° 32' 47" qinghai spruce forest G5 3015 20 × 20 100 ° 18 '06 "38 ° 32' 42" qinghai spruce forest G6 3100 20 × 20 100 ° 18 '13 "38 ° 32' 31" thicket qinghai spruce forest G7 3300 23.5 × 20 thickets qinghai spruce forest G8 2800 20×20 100°13 '30 "38°33' 29" moss spruce forest B1 2700 12.8×25 moss spruce forest B2 2800 20×20 100°17 '38 "38°32' 59" moss spruce forest B3 2900 20×20 100°17 '59 "38°32' 51" grass spruce forest B4 3028 20×20 100°17 '59 "38°32' 39" moss spruce forest B5 3097 20×20 100°18 '02 "38°32' 32" moss spruce forest B6 3195 20 × 20 100 ° 18 '06 "38 ° 32' 25" qinghai spruce forest B7 2762 20 × 20 100 ° 17 '08 "38 ° 33' 21" qinghai spruce forest B8 2730 20×20 100°17 '06 "38°33' 27" moss spruce forest GM1 3690 5×5 100°18 '02 "38°32' 02" caragana scrub (middle) GM2 3690 5×5 100°18 '02 "38°32' 02" caragana scrub (rare) GM3 3700 5×5 100°18 '03 "38°32' 03" caragana + jilaliu shrub (dense) GM4 3600 5×5 100°18 '10 "38°32' 06" caragana + jila willow thicket (middle) GM5 3600 5×5 100°18 '10 "38°32' 06" caragana + jila willow shrub (sparse) GM6 3600 5×5 100°18 '10 "38°32' 06" caragana + jila willow thicket (dense) GM7 3500 5×5 100°18 '14 "38°32' 08" caragana + jila willow thicket (middle) GM8 3500 5×5 100°18 '14 "38°32' 08" caragana + jila willow thicket (dense) GM9 3500 5×5 100°18 '14 "38°32' 08" caragana + jila willow thicket (rare) GM10 3400 5×5 100°18 '18 "38°32' 12" golden pheasant scrub (rare) GM11 3400 5×5 100°18 '18 "38°32' 12" golden pheasant + golden raspberry shrub (dense) GM12 3400 5×5 100°18 '18 "38°32' 12" golden pheasant scrub (rare) GM13 3300 5 × 5 100 ° 18 '21 "38 ° 32' 21" giraliu thicket GM14 3300 5 × 5 100 ° 18 '21 "38 ° 32' 21" caragana + jila shrub GM15 3300 5 × 5 100 ° 18 '21 "38 ° 32' 21" caragana + jila shrub YC3 2700 1×1 100°17 '14 "38°33' 33" needle thatch field YC4 2750 1×1 100°17 '18 "38°33' 32" needle thatch field YC5 2800 1×1 100°17 '21 "38°33' 33" needle thatch field YC6 2850 1×1 100°17 '25 "38°33' 33" needle thatch field YC7 2900 1×1 100°17 '31 "38°33' 32" aster + needle thatch field YC8 2950 1×1 100°17 '44 "38°33' 23" needle thatch field YC9 2980 1×1 100°17 '48 "38°33' 25" needle thatch field The sample geodesic tree data were surveyed from July to August 2007.The survey included: 1. Basic survey of sample plots in drainage ditch basin: A) sample land setting: sample land number, elevation, slope direction, slope position, slope, soil layer thickness, sample land size, longitude and latitude, community type, soil type, operation status, age B) survey of each wood in the sample plots: sample plot number, tree number, tree species, tree classification, chest diameter, tree height, undershoot height, crown radius 2. Soil profile survey record sheet Including forest/vegetation status, major tree species, forest age, soil name, surface soil erosion, parent rock and material, drainage conditions, land use history, soil profile (soil layer, moisture, color, texture, structure, root system, gravel content) 3. Standard ground cover factor Standard land area, dominant tree species, stand/vegetation origin, elevation, slope direction, slope position, slope, cutting and utilization method, afforestation land preparation type, survey method, canopy coverage, living ground cover, dead cover cover, litter thickness (undivided strata, semi-decomposed layer, decomposed layer) 4. Canopy survey: 5. Draft quadrat (1m×1m) survey record sheet Including species name, number, coverage, average height 6. Results of determination of soil physical properties in source forest of qilian mountain (land sample survey) Contains the soil physical properties measurement process (+ wet mud weight aluminum box, aluminum box, soil moisture content, suddenly bulk density, etc.), bringing biomass measurement (total fresh weight of shrub and herb, fresh weight of sample, sample dry weight, etc.), litter dry weight (including mosses) layer and the largest capacity calculation process (of moss and litter thickness, total fresh weight, fresh weight of samples, the dry weight of the sample, soaking for 24 h after heavy, maximum water holding capacity, the largest water depth, the biggest hold water rate, maximum moisture capacity) 7. Bush sample survey: Including species name, number, coverage, average height 8. Standard sample land setting and questionnaire for each wooden inspection ruler Including tree species, tree classification, age, chest diameter, number of height, undershoot height, crown radius 9. Litter layer survey record sheet Including litter (decomposed layer, semi-decomposed layer, decomposed layer) thickness 10. Update survey records: Including tree species, natural regeneration (height <30cm, height 31-50cm, height >51cm), artificial regeneration (height <30cm, height 31-50cm, height >51cm) This data set can provide ground measured data for remote sensing inversion of forest structure parameters.

2020-03-10

WATER: Dataset of the automatic meteorological observations at the Linze inland river basin comprehensive research station (2008-2009)

This data set includes the observation data of the automatic meteorological station from January 2008 to September 2009 in Linze Inland River Basin Comprehensive station. The station is located in Linze County, Zhangye City, Gansu Province, with longitude and latitude of 100 ° 08 ′ e, 39 ° 21 ′ N and altitude of 1382m. The observation items include: atmospheric temperature and humidity gradient observation (1.5m and 3.0m), wind speed (2.2m and 3.7m), wind direction, air pressure, precipitation, net radiation and total radiation, carbon dioxide (2.8m and 3.5m), soil tension, multi-layer soil temperature (20cm, 40cm, 60cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm) and soil heat flux (5cm, 10cm and 15cm). Please refer to the instruction document published with the data for specific header and other information.

2020-03-10

Ecological security evaluation and landscape planning data of the inner flow area of Hexi Corridor (1949-2002)

The project of ecological security evaluation and landscape planning in the inner flow area of hexi corridor belongs to the major research plan of "environment and ecological science in western China" of the national natural science foundation, led by researcher xiao duning of the institute of cold and dry environment and engineering, Chinese academy of sciences. The project runs from Jan. 2002 to Dec. 2004. The data of the project is the ecological data of the inner flow area of hexi corridor, including heihe basin, shiyang river basin, shule river basin and river runoff. Investigation and analysis data of ejin banner in heihe river area 1. Soil moisture TDR data The data is stored in Excel format and includes both tubular and well 2002 soil moisture survey data. Tube TDR data Tubular soil moisture survey data with 1.8m underground intervals of 0.2 m on June 1, June 11, June 21, July 1, July 11, July 21, July 31, August 11 and August 21, 2002, including erdaqiao, gobi, forest farm, qidaqiao and tseng forest. Well TDR data Data of well soil moisture survey on June 21, July 1, July 11, July 21, July 31, August 11 and August 21, 2002, which included willows, gobi, populus euphratica and weeds, with intervals of more than 5 meters and 0.2 meters underground. Groundwater GPS data In Excel format, the TDR observation points were measured by GPS, including basic information such as longitude, latitude and elevation, plus information such as water level, logging type and remarks. 2. Soil nutrient salinity data To Excel format, 42 samples containing "total oxygen N %", "total phosphorus P %", "% organic matter", "hydrolysis N N mg/kg", "organic P P mg/kg", "available K K mg/kg", "% calcium carbonate", "PH", "the % of salt" and "total potassium % K" nutrient investigation and analysis of data, such as 42 samples containing "conductance value (%) computing the salt", CO3, HCO3, CI, SO4, Ca, mg, Na + K salt investigation and analysis of data, etc. 3. Soil mechanical composition In Excel format, 42 sample points contained soil particle composition information analysis tables of depth (cm), percentage of particle content at each level (sieve analysis method) (>2mm, 2-1mm, 1-0.5mm, 0.5-0.25mm and 0.25-0.1mm) and percentage of particle content at each level (straw method) (<0.1mm, 0.1-0.05mm, 0.05-0.02mm, 0.02-0.002mm and <0.002mm). 4. Meteorological data of erqi station Is the Excel sheet, including rainfall data from 1957 to 1998, evaporation data from 1957 to 1998, temperature data from 1957 to 1991, wind speed data from 1972 to 1992, maximum temperature data from 1972 to 1992, minimum temperature data from 1972 to 1992, sunshine data from 1972 to 1992 and relative humidity data from 1972 to 1992. Scan copy of jiuquan area The scanning copy of the general map of land use status in jiuquan 1:300,000, the scanning copy of the evaluation map of the distribution of cultivated land reserve resources in jiuquan 1:300,000 and the scanning copy of the district map of jiuquan 1:300,000 Zhang ye water protection information It contains the statistics of water and soil conservation in the regions of ganzhou district, gaotai district, linze county, minle county, shandan county, sunan county and zhangye city in zhangye region (stored in Excel format) and the planning report of each region (stored in Word format). Shiyang river basin Jinchang water resources survey data It includes the scan of 1:50000 water resource distribution map of jinchang city in 1997, the average decline degree of groundwater level in qinghe and jinchuan irrigation areas in jinchang city from 81 to 2000, the statistical table of annual groundwater supply in 1986, 1995 and 2001, and the survey and evaluation report of cultivated land reserve resources in jinchang city. Survey data of water resources in minqin Includes detailed minqin county area typical Wells status per acre crops irrigation water use questionnaire, irrigation, industrial and agricultural water use questionnaire, seeded area of villages and towns questionnaire, the survey data of groundwater hardness index, minqin county of surface runoff and the runoff change situation report, irrigation water quota formulation of evaluation report, minqin county water resources development and utilization of report and opinion polls irrigation works report, etc. Zoning map of soil improvement and utilization in wuwei area For the scanning part of water and soil conservation planning map of wuwei city, the scanning part of the location map of wuwei irrigation area, the scanning part of the scanning part of the administrative map of wuwei city, the scanning part of the water source and water conservancy project construction map of wuwei city, the scanning part of the planning map of wuwei sanbei phase ii shelterbelt project and the scanning part of the administrative map of liangzhou district. Yongchang county water protection information It is the scanning copy of the soil and water conservation supervision, prevention and control plan of 1994 in yongchang county at 1:20000. Shule river basin Distribution map of water resources development and utilization in yumen city It consists of four jpeg images, a 1:250,000 general scanning map of yumen's water resources development and utilization in 2002, and three high-resolution sub-maps. River runoff This data set is stored in Excel format, mainly including the total flow of three basins from 1949 to 2002, the annual runoff of each tributary of the basin, the annual runoff of detailed investigation areas such as jiuquan and the upstream inflow of yuanyang pond reservoir. Total basin Is the annual runoff data of heihe river basin, shiyang river basin and shule river basin from 1949 to 2002. Annual runoff of black river Is the annual runoff data of heihe river, liyuan river, taolai river, hongshui river, qingshui river, fengle river and hongsha river from 1949 to 2002. Annual runoff of shiyang river Is the annual runoff data of xidahe river, dongdahe river, xiying river, jinta river, zama river, huangyang river, gulang river, dajing river and other tributaries from 1949 to 2002. Annual runoff of shule river Is the annual runoff data of dang river, shule river and harten river from 1950 to 2002. Annual river runoff in jiuquan area For the annual flow data of changma gorge of shule river, dangcheng bay of danghe river, junmiao of shule river, baiyang river, icegou of toulai river, yuanyang pond of toulai river, xindi of hongshui river, fengle river, hongsha river of maying river and suang river of yulin river in jiuquan region from 1950 to 2002. Statistics of upstream inflow of yuanyang pond reservoir The data are the upstream inflow data of yuanyang pond reservoir from 1959 to 2001.

2020-03-09

Remote sensing experimental dataset of dayokou sub basin in Heihe River (2004)

On August 6, 2004, the institute of cold and drought, Chinese academy of sciences, organized a remote sensing experiment in the upper reaches of the heihe river basin, which obtained soil survey data of 14 sections, DEM of 1:500 scale in the drainage ditch basin, spectral data of typical features and synchronous ground observation data of dapingding TM and QuickBird satellite.It mainly includes: 1) spectral measurement data of typical ground objects The data mainly includes in continental river basin in linze county comprehensive research station near the station (hereinafter referred to as linze) of elaeagnus angustifolia, two poplars, tamarisk, bark, ephedra, sand, alfalfa, corn, cotton and salinization land spectra and dew ditch valley concept-people mei, grass, moss, alpine meadow grass, sword leaf thorns son, the spectra of soil and rock. 2) soil profile survey data Valley in line according to the altitude and vegetation types were set up 12 soil profile, and also in front of the row of dew ditch forest weather stations and linze weather station set up a soil profile 1, 14 were measured profile of soil moisture content, bulk density, adhering sand content and soil spectrum, dew ditch forest top weather stations and linze profile is measuring the thermal conductivity of soil and water parameters. 3) field measurement data of biophysical parameters of typical ground objects Standing near the corn, cotton, including linze small pine, alfalfa, and leaf area index measurement data of ephedra row dew in different heights with leaf photosynthesis, leaf area index data and vegetation features data (photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, intercellular CO2 concentration, leaf transpiration rate, leaf temperature) and the corresponding environmental factor data (air temperature, air relative humidity and atmospheric CO2 concentration, air, water content, atmospheric pressure, solar total radiation, photosynthetic active radiation). 4) ground synchronization test of remote sensing by large flat-topped satellite The simultaneous observation experiment of TM and QuickBird satellite was carried out in a relatively flat grass area (big flat roof) beside the drainage ditch watershed.On July 27, 2004, spectra, above-ground biomass and leaf area were measured at intervals of 15 meters in a 150m×150m quadrangular at a large flat roof.

2020-03-09

Data set of simulation results of key hydrological variables in Zhangye basin of Heihe River Basin

This project is based on the gsflow model of USGS to simulate the surface groundwater coupling in Zhangye basin in the middle reaches of Heihe River. The space-time range and accuracy of the simulation are as follows: Simulation period: 1990-2012; Simulation step: day by day; The spatial scope of simulation: Zhangye basin; The spatial accuracy of simulation: the underground part is 1km × 1km grid (5 layers, the total number of grids in each layer is 150 × 172 = 25800, among which the active grid 9106); the surface part is based on the hydrological response unit (HRU) (588 in total, each HRU covers an area of several square kilometers to dozens of square kilometers). The data include: surface infiltration, actual evapotranspiration, average soil moisture content, surface groundwater exchange, shallow groundwater level, simulated daily flow of Zhengyi gorge, simulated monthly flow of Zhengyi gorge, groundwater extraction and river diversion

2020-03-09

Dataset of Heihe River Basin field experiment (1990-1992)

Interaction "heihe region in field observation experiment (HEIFE)", is in the heihe river basin in hexi corridor in the middle of a 70 km by 90 km range of experimental zone for the center with water and heat exchange of a very comprehensive experiment, the interaction is the current international field the longest continuous observation on the land surface process experiment, has obtained the Eurasia hinterland typical in heihe river basin, gobi desert and oasis in arid regions different underlaying surface, such as solar radiation, atmospheric boundary layer meteorological data and oasis of meteorological data, and collect the conventional meteorological and hydrological data in the region,It has laid the foundation of observation experiment for theoretical study of land surface processes in arid areas. The heihe experimental database (HDB) (tao zehong and zuo hongchao, 1994a) comprehensively collected and systematically integrated the field observation data of heihe experiment.In the database, all observation data are divided into three categories according to the nature and purpose of observation: Category 1: normal observation period (FOP) data.It includes :(1) observation data of 5 micrometeorological stations and 5 automatic meteorological stations;(2) groundwater level data observed at four well stations;(3) distribution of blowing sand and dust and ozone observation data;(4) conventional observation data of 3 upper-air weather stations, 3 surface weather stations, 4 hydrology stations, some rain measuring stations and downhole water stations. The second category: enhanced observation period (IOP) data.It includes: observations of turbulence, tethered balloons, Sodar, Lidar, soil moisture content and composition during each strengthening period (PlOP, IOP-1, lop-2, IOP-3, IOP-4). The third category is special observation period data, which includes: biological meteorological observation (BOP), precipitation mechanism observation (iop-r) in arid areas, turbulence contrast observation (iop-c), supplementary observation data of deserts far from the oasis (iop-da) and observation data of sand sample experiment.Please refer to HEIFE database user manual for more detailed information (tao zehong et al., 1994b).

2020-03-09

Modeling ecohydrological processes and spatial patterns in the upstream of the Heihe River Basin V1.0 (2001-2012)

The output data of the distributed eco hydrological model in the upper reaches of Heihe River includes the spatial distribution data of 1-km grid and the discharge time series data of the outlet of the basin. (1) Spatial distribution data of 1-km grid, monthly average soil moisture, actual evapotranspiration, runoff depth and other spatial distribution data of 1-km resolution. (2) Runoff time series daily flow data of river basin outlet.

2020-03-09

Modeling Ecohydrological Processes and Spatial Patterns in the Upper Heihe Basin (1980-2010) V1.0

The output data of the distributed eco-hydrological model (GBEHM) of the upper reaches of the black river include the spatial distribution data series of 1-km grid. Region: upper reaches of heihe river (yingxiaoxia), time resolution: month scale, spatial resolution: 1km, time period: 1980-2010. The data included precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff depth, and soil volumetric water content (0-100cm). All data is in ASCII format. See basan.asc file in the reference directory for the basin space range. The projection parameter of the model result is Sphere_ARC_INFO_Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_Area.

2020-03-09