This dataset contains data for comprehensive monitoring in the small watershed of Sumu Jaran in the Badain Jaran Desert from 2012 to 2013. The small watershed of Sumu Jaran is composed of two lakes, namely North Lake and South Lake of Sumu Jaran. The latitude and longitude range is: 39° 46' 18.24" to 39° 49' 17.25" north latitude, 102° 23' 40.53 " to 102° 26' 59.27" east longitude. The observation instruments are mainly arranged around the South Lake of Sumu Jaran, including scintillator (BLS450), automatic weather station (net radiation, rainfall, wind speed, wind direction, air humidity, pressure, E601 type evaporation dish), soil monitoring station (soil temperature, water content and tension pF-meter) and one groundwater monitoring hole. The data released this time are the monitoring results from September 2012 to December 2013. Post-monitoring data will be released in version 2.0. For the layout, coordinates, and type of the instrument, see the layout of the small watershed monitoring system.pdf, coordinates of the monitoring point.xls, and location and equipment of the monitoring point.tif.
It mainly includes the field soil moisture, groundwater level, soil physical properties, temperature, flux, plant growth, soil nutrients, trunk stem flow, farmland microclimate, soil profile water content and other observation data.
Soil heat flux is an important part of surface energy balance, and it is the basis of energy balance analysis. In 2011-2013, hfp01 was installed at 5cm and 10cm of Tamarix community in the lower reaches of Heihe River to measure soil heat flux, with the frequency of 0.5h.
At the same time with the observation of soil moisture content, the project measures the soil temperature data of Tamarix Tamarix forest in the lower reaches of Heihe River from 2011 to 2012, with a depth of 10, 30, 50, 80, 140cm and a frequency of 0.5h. The measuring instrument is 109ss produced by Campell company of the United States.
Soil water content is the key factor affecting the transpiration water consumption of plants in desert riparian forest. In this project, the typical plant communities in the lower reaches of Heihe River are selected, with coordinates of 42 ° 02 ′ 00.07 ″ N and 101 ° 02 ′ 59.41 ″ E. through continuous measurement of soil water data in 2010-2012, the observation instrument is environscan (Australia, ICT), with observation depth of 10, 30, 50, 80 and 140cm, and observation frequency of 0.5h Understanding the mechanism of environmental regulation of transpiration water consumption of desert riparian forest in the lower reaches of Heihe River provides basic data support.
1. Data overview: The sampling time of this data is from May 9, 2013 to March 29, 2014.The sampling frequency is once a week. The sampling point of the river is located at the outlet weir of the small haugou watershed in the upper reaches of the heihe river, with the latitude and longitude of 99 ° 52 '47.7 "E and 38 ° 16' 11" N. The sampling location of soil water is 300m above the no. 2 meteorological station, and the lower soil profile is 99°53 '31.333 "E,38°13' 50.637" N in longitude and latitude. 2. Data content: This data set contains the anion and anion values of the river at the outlet of the basin and the soil water at 300m above the no. 2 weather station. Data acquisition means - anion values were determined by Swiss wantong model 761/813 ion chromatograph.Cation is to use the model to the United States thermoelectric IRIS Intrepid Ⅱ XSPICP - AES determination.
In the middle of July and August 2012, mass photosynthesis was determined and the plant species was caragana korshinskii. The mass photosynthesis measurement system is composed of li-8100 closed-circuit automatic soil carbon flux measurement system (li-cor, USA) and an assimilation box designed and manufactured by Beijing liaotai technology co., LTD. Li-8100 is an instrument for soil carbon flux measurement produced by li-cor, USA, which USES an infrared gas analyzer to measure CO2 and H2O concentrations.The length, width and height of the assimilation box are all 50cm.The assimilation box is controlled by li-8100, and the instrument can operate automatically after the measurement parameters are set. The photosynthetic rate of population was calculated according to the following formula: CAP (Canopy growth Rate) is the Photosynthetic Rate of the population (mol CO2•m -- 2•s -- 1).A is the total leaf area (m2) of the plant canopy;VA is the total volume (m3) of the population photosynthesis measurement system, which is the product of the height of the assimilation box from the ground (the distance between the upper edge and the inner ground after the special base is placed), the soil area (0.25 m2) and the sum of the volume of the assimilation box (0.125 m3).Is the change rate of CO2 measured by assimilation chamber (mol CO2•mol -- 1•s -- 1) in the process of population photosynthesis measurement;Is the CO2 change rate (mol CO2•mol -- 1•s -- 1) measured in a 20 cm measuring chamber during the soil respiration measurement process;P is atmospheric pressure (Pa), T is the air temperature in the assimilation chamber (℃), and R is the gas constant (8.314 Pa•m3•mol-1• k-1).N is the conversion coefficient, which means the change rate of CO2 caused by soil respiration in the soil area (SA) covered by the assimilation box and in the total volume (VA) of the population photosynthesis measurement system is converted from the measurement in the 20cm measurement chamber, and calculated according to the following formula: SA is assimilation box cover soil area, 0.25 m2, SC is 20 cm soil area of the measuring chamber cover (0.03 m2), VC is plant roots and soil respiration measurement system of the total volume (m3), to 20 cm measurement chamber high from the ground (after ring on measuring the soil in place along with the internal distance) on the ground and soil area is the product of the (SC) and 20 cm measurement chamber volume (4.82 x 10-3 m3) combined.
In the transition zone from Heihe River to desert oasis in Pingchuan oasis of Linze, soil texture, bulk density, field capacity, saturated capacity, soil organic matter, total nitrogen and inorganic carbon content of 118 plots were studied. PH value, conductivity, total carbon, SiC, C / N were monitored to determine the physical and chemical properties of 0-20cm arable soil, and the soil particle composition of 0-20cm and 20-80cm soil layers.
The data include different observation data of Sunan, Gansu Province: 1) The soil properties of grassland under different management measures, soil compactness, water permeability and soil moisture content of 4-5 grazing intensity grassland; 2) The observation data of soil compactness, permeability and water content of different grazing management measures; 3) Correlation analysis data of grassland community characteristic productivity and soil moisture; 4) Correlation analysis data of height, coverage, biomass, flower shape, tiller and leaf characters of main plants with soil water content;
This data set comprises the plateau soil moisture and soil temperature observational data based on the Tibetan Plateau, and it is used to quantify the uncertainty of model products of coarse-resolution satellites, soil moisture and soil temperature. The observation data of soil temperature and moisture on the Tibetan Plateau (Tibet-Obs) are from in situ reference networks at four regional scales, which are the Nagqu network of cold and semiarid climate, the Maqu network of cold and humid climate, and the Ali network of cold and arid climate，and Pali network. These networks provided representative coverage of different climates and surface hydrometeorological conditions on the Tibetan Plateau. - Temporal resolution: 1hour - Spatial resolution: point measurement - Measurement accuracy: soil moisture, 0.00001; soil temperature, 0.1 °C; data set size: soil moisture and temperature measurements at nominal depths of 5, 10, 20, 40 - Unit: soil moisture, cm ^ 3 cm ^ -3; soil temperature, °C
Contact SupportNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS 0931-4967287 email@example.com
LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center