Current Browsing: cryosphere


Glacier lake inventory data of Uttaranchal, India (2000)

This glacial lake inventory is jointly supported by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and United Nationenvironment Programme / Regional Resourc Centre, Asia and The Pacific (UNEP / RRC-AP). 1. The glacial lake inventory refers to remote sensing data such as Landsat 4/5 (MSS, TM1982 / 1985/1984/1999), Landsat 7 (ETM +), IRS-1C, LISS-III (1995IRS-1C), (1997 IRS-1D), etc. It reflects the current status of glacial lakes in the region in 2000. 2. Glacial lake inventory coverage: India-Uttaranchal. 3. The content of the glacial lakeinventory includes: glacial lake inventory, glacial lake type, glacial lake orientation, glacial lake width, glacial lake area, glacial lake depth, glacial lake length and other attributes. 4. Projection parameters: Projection: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) Ellipsoid: WGS84 Datum: WGS84 Ellipsoid Parameters: a = 6378137.000                                   1 / f = 298.257223563 Northem Hemisphere: Yes MinimumX: 221473.969 MinimumY: 3300590.500 MaximumX: 513943.969 MaximumY: 3488960.500 Zone: 44 For detailed data description, please refer to data files and reports.

2020-04-16

Glacier inventory of the Pengqu Basin, Himalayas, China (2004)

This glacier inventory is jointly supported by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and United Nationenvironment Programme / Regional Resourc Centre, Asia and The Pacific (UNEP / RRC-AP), Cold and Arid Region Environmental and Engineering Research Institute(CAREERI). 1. The glacier inventory uses landsat (TM, ETM) and Aster remote sensing data to reflect the current state of glaciers in the Himalayas in 2004. 2. Glacier inventory coverage: Pumqu (Arun), Rongxer (Tama Koshi), Poiqu (Bhote-Sun Koshi), Jilongcangbu (Trishuli), Zangbuqin (Budhigandaki), Majiacangbu (Humla Karnali), etc. watersheds in Himalayan. 3. The glacier inventory includes: glacier location, glacier code, glacier name, glacier area, glacier length, glacier thickness, ice reserves, glacier type, glacier orientation, etc. 4. Data projection information: Projection: Transverse_Mercator False_Easting: 500000.000000 False_Northing: 0.000000 Central_Meridian: 87.000000 Scale_Factor: 0.999600 Latitude_Of_Origin: 0.000000 Linear Unit: Meter (1.000000) Geographic Coordinate System: GCS_WGS_1984 Angular Unit: Degree (0.017453292519943299) Prime Meridian: Greenwich (0.000000000000000000) Datum: D_WGS_1984 Spheroid: WGS_1984 Semimajor Axis: 6378137.000000000000000000 Semiminor Axis: 6356752.314245179300000000 Inverse Flattening: 298.257223563000030000 For detailed data description, please refer to the document and report.

2020-04-07

Map of snow, ice, and frozen ground in China (1988)

The map is "1:4 Million Ice, Snow and Frozen Soil Map of China" compiled by Mr. Shi Yafeng and Mr. Meadson. The working map compiled by the map is "Chinese Pinyin Edition of the People's Republic of China", which retains the water system and mountain annotation of the map and adds some mountain annotation. The compilation of frozen soil map is based on the actual data of frozen soil survey and exploration, interpretation of remote sensing data, temperature conditions and topographic characteristics that affect the formation and distribution of frozen soil. The height of glacier snow line is expressed by isolines. Seasonal snow accumulation and seasonal icing are based on the data of 1600 meteorological observation stations and the results of many years of investigation in China. They are expressed by isoline notation and symbols. The selection of cold (periglacial) phenomena is a representative and schematic representation observed on the spot. The boundary line between permafrost and non-permafrost is mapped by calculation based on the field data, and its comprehensive degree is relatively high (Tö pfer, 1982) "China Ice and Snow Frozen Soil Map" reflects the scale, types and characteristics of distribution of glaciers, snow cover, frozen soil and periglacial, as well as its value in scientific research and the prospect of utilization and prevention in production practice. It shows our achievements in glacier and frozen soil research in the past 30 years.

2020-04-02

1:4 million map of the Glaciers, Frozen Ground and Deserts in China (2006)

The compilation basis of frozen soil map includes: (1) frozen soil field survey, exploration and measurement data; (2) aerial photo and satellite image interpretation; (3) topo300 1km resolution ground elevation data; (4) temperature and ground temperature data. Among them, the distribution of permafrost in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau adopts the research results of nanzhuo Tong et al. (2002). Using the measured annual average ground temperature data of 76 boreholes along the Qinghai Tibet highway, regression statistical analysis is carried out to obtain the relationship between the annual average ground temperature and latitude, elevation, and based on this relationship, combined with the gtopo30 elevation data (developed under the leadership of the center for earth resources observation and science and technology, USGS) Global 1 km DEM data) to simulate the annual mean ground temperature distribution over the whole Tibetan Plateau. Taking the annual average ground temperature of 0.5 ℃ as the boundary between permafrost and seasonal permafrost, the boundary between discontinuous Permafrost on the plateau and island Permafrost on the plateau is delimited by referring to the map of ice and snow permafrost in China (1:4 million) (Shi Yafeng et al., 1988); in addition, the division map of Permafrost on the big and small Xing'an Mountains in the Northeast (Guo Dongxin et al., 1981), the distribution map of permafrost and underground ice around the Arctic (b According to rown et al. 1997) and the latest field survey data, the Permafrost Boundary in Northeast China has been revised; the Permafrost Boundary in Northwest mountains mostly uses the boundary defined in the map of ice and snow permafrost in China (1:4 million) (Shi Yafeng et al., 1988). According to the data, the area of permafrost in China is about 1.75 × 106km2, accounting for about 18.25% of China's territory. Among them, alpine permafrost is 0.29 × 106km2, accounting for about 3.03% of China's territory. For more information, please refer to the specification of "1:4 million map of glacial and frozen deserts in China" (Institute of environment and Engineering in cold and dry areas, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006)

2020-04-01

Permafrost map of China and its neighbors based on Circum-Arctic Map of Permafrost and Ground Ice Conditions (2001)

Field description: Num_code (Frozen soil attribute code) Combo (Permafrost properties) extent (Extent of frozen ground) content (Ice content) Attributes comparison are as follows: (1) Comparison table of frozen soil properties: 0 (No information) 1 - chf (Continuous permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thick overburden) 2 - dhf (Discontinuous permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thick overburden) 3 - shf (Sporadic permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thick overburden) 4 - ihf (Isolated patches of permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thick overburden) 5 - cmf (Continuous permafrost extent with medium ground ice content and thick overburden) 6 - dmf (Discontinuous permafrost extent with medium ground ice content and thick overburden) 7 - smf (Sporadic permafrost extent with medium ground ice content and thick overburden) 8 - imf (Isolated patches of permafrost extent with medium ground ice content and thick overburden) 9 - clf (Continuous permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thick overburden) 10 - dlf (Discontinuous permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thick overburden) 11 - slf (Sporadic permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thick overburden) 12 - ilf (Isolated patches of permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thick overburden) 13 - chr (Continuous permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 14 - dhr (Discontinuous permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 15 - shr (Sporadic permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 16 - ihr (Isolated patches of permafrost extent with high ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 17 - clr (Continuous permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 18 - dlr (Discontinuous permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 19 - slr (Sporadic permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 20 - ilr (Isolated patches of permafrost extent with low ground ice content and thin overburden and exposed bedrock) 21 - g (Glaciers) 22 - r (Relict permafrost) 23 - l (Inland lakes) 24 - o (Ocean/inland seas) 25 - ld (Land) (2) Comparison table of frozen soil scope c = continuous (90-100%) d = discontinuous (50- 90%) s = sporadic (10- 50%) i = isolated patches (0 - 10%) (3) Ice content comparison table h = high (>20% for "f" landform codes) (>10% for "r" landform codes) m = medium (10-20%) l = low (0-10%)

2020-04-01

Long-term series of daily snow depth dataset in China (1979-2019)

This data set is an upgraded version of the “Long-term series of daily snow depth dataset in China". This dataset provides daily data of snow depth distribution in China from January 1, 1979, to December 31, 2019, with a spatial resolution of 0.25 degrees. The original data used to derive the snow depth dataset are the daily passive microwave brightness temperature data (EASE-Grid) from SMMR (1979-1987), SSM/I (1987-2007) and SSMI/S (2008-2019) which were archived in the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). Because the brightness temperatures come from different sensors, there is a certain system inconsistency among them. Therefore, before the derivation of snow depth, the inter-sensor calibration were performed to improve the temporal consistency of the brightness temperature data. Based on the calibrated brightness temperatures, the modified Chang algorithm developed by Dr. Tao Che, was used to retrieve daily snow depth. The algorithm details were introduced in the data specification document- “Long-term Sequence Data Set of China Snow Depth (1979-2019) Introduction. doc". The projection of the data set is latitude and longitude. The data of each day was stored in a file, and the naming convention of which is year + day; for example, 1990001 represents the first day of 1990, and 1990207 represents the 207th day of 1990. For a detailed data description, please refer to the data specification document.

2020-03-19

Remote sensing products of thermal collapse in Heihe permafrost region of the Tibetan Plateau (2009-2018)

Global warming and human activities have led to the degradation of permafrost and the collapse of permafrost, which have seriously affected the construction of permafrost projects and the ecological environment. Based on high-resolution satellite images, the permafrost of oboling in Heihe River Basin of Qinghai Tibet Plateau is taken as the research area, and the object-oriented classification technology of machine learning is used to extract the thermal collapse information in the research area. The results show that from 2009 to 2019, the number of thermal collapse increased from 12 to 16, and the total area increased from 14718.9 square meters to 28579.5 square meters, nearly twice. The combination of high spatial resolution remote sensing and object-oriented classification method has a broad application prospect in the monitoring of thermal thawing and collapse of frozen soil.

2020-03-14

HiWATER: WATERNET observation dataset in the upper reaches of the Heihe River Basin (2014)

This data set includes the observation data of 40 water net sensor network nodes in Babao River Basin in the upper reaches of Heihe River since January 2014. Soil moisture of 4cm, 10cm and 20cm is the basic observation of each node; 19 nodes include the observation of soil moisture and surface infrared radiation temperature; 11 nodes include the observation of soil moisture, surface infrared radiation temperature, snow depth and precipitation. The observation frequency is 5 minutes. The data set can be used for hydrological simulation, data assimilation and remote sensing verification. Please refer to "waternet data document 20141206. Docx" for details

2020-03-13

HiWATER:WATERNET observation dataset in the upper reaches of the Heihe River Basin (2013)

This data set includes the observation data of 40 water net sensor network nodes in Babao River Basin in the upper reaches of Heihe River since the end of June 2013. Soil moisture of 4cm, 10cm and 20cm is the basic observation of each node; 19 nodes include the observation of soil moisture and surface infrared radiation temperature; 11 nodes include the observation of soil moisture, surface infrared radiation temperature, snow depth and precipitation. The observation frequency is 5 minutes. The data set can be used for hydrological simulation, data assimilation and remote sensing verification.

2020-03-13

Time series data of snow area ratio in the Arctic (2000-2019)

The fraction snow cover (FSC) is the ratio of the snow cover area SCA to the pixel space. The data set covers the Arctic region (35 ° to 90 ° north latitude). Using Google Earth engine platform, the initial data is the global surface reflectance product with a resolution of 1000m with mod09ga, and the data preparation time is from February 24, 2000 to November 18, 2019. The methods are as follows: in the training sample area, the reference data set of FSC is prepared by using Landsat 8 surface reflectance data and snomap algorithm, and the data set is taken as the true value of FSC in the training sample area, so as to establish the linear regression model between FSC in the training sample area and NDSI based on MODIS surface reflectance products. Using this model, MODIS global surface reflectance product is used as input to prepare snow area ratio time series data in the Arctic region. The data set can provide quantitative information of snow distribution for regional climate simulation and hydrological model.

2020-03-13