The China Meteorological Forcing Dataset (CMFD) is a high spatial-temporal resolution gridded near-surface meteorological dataset that was developed specifically for studies of land surface processes in China. The dataset was made through fusion of remote sensing products, reanalysis dataset and in-situ observation data at weather stations. Its record starts from January 1979 and keeps extending (currently up to December 2018) with a temporal resolution of three hours and a spatial resolution of 0.1°. Seven near-surface meteorological elements are provided in CMFD, including 2-meter air temperature, surface pressure, specific humidity, 10-meter wind speed, downward shortwave radiation, downward longwave radiation and precipitation rate.
YANG Kun HE Jie
This data set is an upgraded version of the “Long-term series of daily snow depth dataset in China". This dataset provides daily data of snow depth distribution in China from January 1, 1979, to December 31, 2019, with a spatial resolution of 0.25 degrees. The original data used to derive the snow depth dataset are the daily passive microwave brightness temperature data (EASE-Grid) from SMMR (1979-1987), SSM/I (1987-2007) and SSMI/S (2008-2019) which were archived in the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). Because the brightness temperatures come from different sensors, there is a certain system inconsistency among them. Therefore, before the derivation of snow depth, the inter-sensor calibration were performed to improve the temporal consistency of the brightness temperature data. Based on the calibrated brightness temperatures, the modified Chang algorithm developed by Dr. Tao Che, was used to retrieve daily snow depth. The algorithm details were introduced in the data specification document- “Long-term Sequence Data Set of China Snow Depth (1979-2019) Introduction. doc". The projection of the data set is latitude and longitude. The data of each day was stored in a file, and the naming convention of which is year + day; for example, 1990001 represents the first day of 1990, and 1990207 represents the 207th day of 1990. For a detailed data description, please refer to the data specification document.
CHE Tao DAI Liyun
China's second glacier inventory uses the high-resolution Landsat TM/ETM+ remote sensing satellite data as the main glacier boundary data source and extracts the data source with the latest global digital elevation model, SRTM V4, as the glacier attribute, using the current international ratio threshold segmentation method to extract the glacier boundary in bare ice areas. The ice ridge extraction algorithm is developed to extract the glacier ice ridge, and it is used for the segmentation of a single glacier. At the same time, the international general algorithm is used to calculate the glacier attributes, so that the vector data and attribute data that contain the glacier information of the main glacier regions in west China are obtained. Compared with some field GPS field measurement data and higher resolution remote sensing images (such as from QuickBird and WorldView), the glacial vector data in the second glacier inventory data set of China have higher positioning accuracy and can meet the requirements for glacial data in national land, water conservancy, transportation, environment and other fields. Glacier inventory attributes: Glc_Name, Drng_Code, FCGI_ID, GLIMS_ID, Mtn_Name, Pref_Name, Glc_Long, Glc_Lati, Glc_Area, Abs_Accu, Rel_Accu, Deb_Area, Deb_A_Accu, Deb_R_Accu, Glc_Vol_A, Glc_Vol_B, Max_Elev, Min_Elev, Mean_Elev, MA_Elev, Mean_Slp, Mean_Asp, Prm_Image, Aux_Image, Rep_Date, Elev_Src, Elev_Date, Compiler, Verifier. For a detailed data description, please refer to the second glacier inventory data description.
LIU Shiyin GUO Wanqin XU Junli
The data is based on the Harmonized World Soil Database version 1.1 (HWSD) constructed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Vienna International Institute for Applied Systems (IIASA). The data source of China is 1: 1 million soil data in the second national land survey provided by the Nanjing Soil Research Institute. The data can provide model input parameters for modelers, in agricultural perspective, it can be used to study eco-agricultural zoning, food security and climate change. The data format is grid and the projection is WGS84. The soil classification system used is mainly FAO-90. The main fields of the soil property table include: SU_SYM90 (the soil name in the FAO90 soil classification system); SU_SYM85 (FAO85 classification); T_TEXTURE (top soil texture); DRAINAGE (19.5); REF_DEPTH (soil reference depth); AWC_CLASS (19.5); AWC_CLASS (soil effective water content); PHASE1: Real (soil phase); PHASE2: String (soil phase); ROOTS: String (depth classification with obstacles to the bottom of the soil); SWR: String (soil moisture characteristics); ADD_PROP: Real (a specific soil type related to agricultural use in the soil unit); T_GRAVEL: Real (gravel volume percentage); T_SAND: Real (sand content); T_SILT: Real (silt content); T_CLAY: Real (clay content); T_USDA_TEX: Real (USDA soil texture classification); T_REF_BULK: Real (soil bulk density); T_OC: Real (organic carbon content); T_PH_H2O: Real (pH) T_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of clay soil); T_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of soil) T_BS: Real (basic saturation); T_TEB: Real (exchangeable base); T_CACO3: Real (carbonate or lime content) T_CASO4: Real (sulfate content); T_ESP: Real (exchangeable sodium salt); T_ECE: Real (conductivity). The attribute field beginning with T_ indicates the upper soil attribute (0-30cm), and the attribute field beginning with S_ indicates the lower soil attribute (30-100cm). For the meaning of specific attribute values, please refer to the documentation * .pdf and database * .mdb in the folder.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations（FAO） International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
The multi-decadal lake number and area changes in China during 1960s–2015 are derived from historical topographic maps and >3831 Landsat satellite images, including lakes as fine as ≥1 km2 in size. The total area of lakes in China has increased by 5858.06 km2 (9%) between 1960s and 2015, and with heterogeneous spatial variations. Lake area changes in the Tibetan Plateau, Xinjiang, and Northeast Plain and Mountain regions reveal significant increases of 5676.75, 1417.15, 1134.87 km2 (≥15%), respectively, but the Inner-Mongolian Plateau shows an obvious decrease of 1223.76 km2 (22%). We find that 141 new lakes have appeared predominantly in the arid western China; but 333 lakes, mainly located in the humid eastern China, have disappeared over the past five decades.
The dataset includes soil physical and chemical attributes: pH value, organic matter fraction, cation exchange capacity, root abundance, total nitrogen (N), total phosphorus (P), total potassium (K), alkali-hydrolysable N, available P, available K, exchangeable H+, Al3+, Ca2+, Mg2+, K+ , Na+, horizon thickness, soil profile depth, sand, silt and clay fractions, rock fragment, bulk density, porosity, structure, consistency and soil color. Quality control information (QC) was provided. The resolution is 30 arc-seconds (about 1 km at the equator). The vertical variation of soil property was captured by eight layers to the depth of 2.3 m (i.e. 0- 0.045, 0.045- 0.091, 0.091- 0.166, 0.166- 0.289, 0.289- 0.493, 0.493- 0.829, 0.829- 1.383 and 1.383- 2.296 m) for convenience of use in the Common Land Model and the Community Land Model (CLM). 1.THSCH.nc: Saturated water content of FCH 2.PSI_S.nc: Saturated capillary potential of FCH 3.LAMBDA.nc: Pore size distribution index of FCH 4.K_SCH.nc: Saturate hydraulic conductivity of FCH 5.THR.nc: Residual moisture content of FGM 6.THSGM.nc: Saturated water content of FGM 7.ALPHA.nc: The inverse of the air-entry value of FGM 8.N.nc: The shape parameter of FGM 9.L.nc: The pore-connectivity parameter of FGM 10.K_SVG.nc: Saturated hydraulic conductivity of FGM 11.TH33.nc: Water content at -33 kPa of suction pressure, or field capacity 12.TH1500.nc: Water content at -1500 kPa of suction pressure, or permanent wilting point
DAI Yongjiu SHANGGUAN Wei
Soil data is important both on a global scale and on a local scale, and due to the lack of reliable soil data, land degradation assessments, environmental impact studies, and sustainable land management interventions have received significant bottlenecks . Affected by the urgent need for soil information data around the world, especially in the context of the Climate Change Convention, the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Kyoto Protocol for Soil Carbon Measurement and FAO/International The Global Agroecological Assessment Study (GAEZ v3.0) jointly established the Harmonized World Soil Database version 1.2 (HWSD V1.2). Among them, the data source in China is the second national land in 1995. Investigate 1:1,000,000 soil data provided by Nanjing Soil. The resolution is 30 seconds (about 0.083 degrees, 1km). The soil classification system used is mainly FAO-90. The core soil system unit unique verification identifier: MU_GLOBAL-HWSD database soil mapping unit identifier, connected to the GIS layer. MU_SOURCE1 and MU_SOURCE2 source database drawing unit identifiers SEQ-soil unit sequence in the composition of the soil mapping unit; The soil classification system utilizes the FAO-7 classification system or the FAO-90 classification system (SU_SYM74 resp. SU_SYM90) or FAO-85 (SU_SYM85). The main fields of the soil property sheet include: ID (database ID) MU_GLOBAL (Soil Unit Identifier) (Global) SU_SYMBOL soil drawing unit SU_SYM74 (FAO74 classification); SU_SYM85 (FAO85 classification); SU_SYM90 (name of soil in the FAO90 soil classification system); SU_CODE soil charting unit code SU_CODE74 soil unit name SU_CODE85 soil unit name SU_CODE90 soil unit name DRAINAGE (19.5); REF_DEPTH (soil reference depth); AWC_CLASS(19.5); AWC_CLASS (effective soil water content); PHASE1: Real (soil phase); PHASE2: String (soil phase); ROOTS: String (depth classification to the bottom of the soil); SWR: String (soil moisture content); ADD_PROP: Real (specific soil type in the soil unit related to agricultural use); T_TEXTURE (top soil texture); T_GRAVEL: Real (top gravel volume percentage); (unit: %vol.) T_SAND: Real (top sand content); (unit: % wt.) T_SILT: Real (surface layer sand content); (unit: % wt.) T_CLAY: Real (top clay content); (unit: % wt.) T_USDA_TEX: Real (top layer USDA soil texture classification); (unit: name) T_REF_BULK: Real (top soil bulk density); (unit: kg/dm3.) T_OC: Real (top organic carbon content); (unit: % weight) T_PH_H2O: Real (top pH) (unit: -log(H+)) T_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the top adhesive layer soil); (unit: cmol/kg) T_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of top soil) (unit: cmol/kg) T_BS: Real (top level basic saturation); (unit: %) T_TEB: Real (top exchangeable base); (unit: cmol/kg) T_CACO3: Real (top carbonate or lime content) (unit: % weight) T_CASO4: Real (top sulfate content); (unit: % weight) T_ESP: Real (top exchangeable sodium salt); (unit: %) T_ECE: Real (top conductivity). (Unit: dS/m) S_GRAVEL: Real (bottom crushed stone volume percentage); (unit: %vol.) S_SAND: Real (bottom sand content); (unit: % wt.) S_SILT: Real (bottom sludge content); (unit: % wt.) S_CLAY: Real (bottom clay content); (unit: % wt.) S_USDA_TEX: Real (bottom USDA soil texture classification); (unit: name) S_REF_BULK: Real (bottom soil bulk density); (unit: kg/dm3.) S_OC: Real (underlying organic carbon content); (unit: % weight) S_PH_H2O: Real (bottom pH) (unit: -log(H+)) S_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the underlying adhesive layer soil); (unit: cmol/kg) S_CEC_SOIL: Real (cation exchange capacity of the bottom soil) (unit: cmol/kg) S_BS: Real (underlying basic saturation); (unit: %) S_TEB: Real (underlying exchangeable base); (unit: cmol/kg) S_CACO3: Real (bottom carbonate or lime content) (unit: % weight) S_CASO4: Real (bottom sulfate content); (unit: % weight) S_ESP: Real (underlying exchangeable sodium salt); (unit: %) S_ECE: Real (underlying conductivity). (Unit: dS/m) The database is divided into two layers, with the top layer (T) soil thickness (0-30 cm) and the bottom layer (S) soil thickness (30-100 cm). For other attribute values, please refer to the HWSD1.2_documentation documentation.pdf, The Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD V1.2) Viewer-Chinese description and HWSD.mdb.
Meng Xianyong Wang Hao
This data is originated from the 1:100,000 national basic geographic database, which was open freely for public by the National Basic Geographic Information Center in November 2017. The boundary of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau was spliced and clipped as a whole, so as to facilitate the study on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. This data set is the 1:100,000 administrative boundaries of the qinghai-tibet plateau, including National_Tibet_line、 Province_Tibet、City_Tibet、County_Tibet_poly and County_Tibet_line. Administrative boundary layer (County_Tibet_poly) property name and definition: Item Properties Describe Example PAC Administrative division code 513230 NAME The name of the County line name Administrative boundary layer (BOUL) attribute name and definition: Item Properties Describe Example GB classification code 630200 Administrative boundary layer (County_Tibet_line) attribute item meaning: Item Properties Describe Example GB 630200 Provincial boundary GB 640200 Prefectural, municipal and state administrative boundaries GB 650201 county administrative boundaries (determined)
National Basic Geographic Information Center
A multi-layer soil particle-size distribution dataset (sand, silt and clay content), based on USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) standard for regional land and climate modelling in China. was developed The 1:1,000,000 scale soil map of China and 8595 soil profiles from the Second National Soil Survey served as the starting point for this work. We reclassified the inconsistent soil profiles into the proper soil type of the map as much as possible because the soil classification names of the map units and profiles were not quite the same. The sand, silt and clay maps were derived using the polygon linkage method, which linked soil profiles and map polygons considering the distance between them, the sample sizes of the profiles, and soil classification information. For comparison, a soil type linkage was also generated by linking the map units and soil profiles with the same soil type. The quality of the derived soil fractions was reliable. Overall, the map polygon linkage offered better results than the soil type linkage or the Harmonized World Soil Database. The dataset, with a 1-km resolution, can be applied to land and climate modelling at a regional scale. Data characteristics： projection：projection Coverage: China Resolution: 0.00833 (about 1 km) Data format: FLT, TIFF Value range: 0%-100% Document describing： Floating point raster files include: Sand1. FLT, clay1. FLT -- surface (0-30cm) sand, clay content. Sand2. FLT, clay2. FLT -- content of sand and clay in the bottom layer (30-100cm). PSD. HDR -- header file: Ncols - the number of columns Nrows- rows Xllcorner - latitude in the lower left corner Yllcorner - longitude of the lower left corner Cellsize - cellsize NODATA_value - a null value byteorder - LSBFIRST, Least Significant Bit First TIFF raster files include: Sand1. Tif, clay1. Tif - surface (0-30cm) sand, clay content. Sand2. Tif, clay2. Tif - bottom layer (30-100cm) sand, clay content.
SHANGGUAN Wei DAI Yongjiu
This data set includes the information of 21 conventional meteorological observation stations in Heihe River Basin and its surrounding areas, of which Wutonggou and Quixote stations have been cancelled in the 1980s, and other stations have operated since the establishment of the station. Station name, longitude and latitude 1. Mazong mountain 97.1097 41.5104 2. Yumen town 97.5530 39.8364 3. Wutonggou 98.3248 40.4697 4. Jiuquan 98.4975 39.7036 5. Jinta 98.9058 39.9988 6. Dingxin 99.5117 40.3080 7. Gaotai 99.7907 39.3623 8. Linze 100.165 39.1385 9. Sunan 99.6178 38.8399 10. Yeniugou 99.5830 38.4167 11. Tole 98.0147 39.0327 12. Ejina Banner 101.088 41.9351 13. Guaizi Lake 102.283 41.3662 14. Zhangye 100.460 38.9124 15. Shandan 101.083 38.7746 16. Folk music 100.826 38.4376 17. Alxa Right Banner 101.429 39.1407 18. Yongchang 101.578 38.1771 19. Qilian 100.238 38.1929 20. Gangcha 100.111 37.2478 21. Menyuan 101.379 37.2513 22. Gekkot 99.7063 41.9183 23. Jiayuguan 98.2241 39.7975
National Meteorological Information Center
The datasets of “Land Cover Map of Heihe River Basin” provide monthly land cover classification data in 2012-2013. The HJ-1/CCD data with both high spatial resolution (30 m) and high temporal (2 days) frequency was used to construct the time series data. The NDVI curves from the time series HJ-1/CCD data can depict the variation of typical land surface. Different land use type has different NDVI curve. Rules were set to extract every land use type information. The datasets of “Land Cover Map of Heihe River Basin” hold the traditional land use types including water bodies, urban and built-up, croplands, evergreen coniferous forests, deciduous broadleaf forests and so on. Crop type classification (including maize, spring wheat, highland barely, rape and so on), snow and ice and glaciers information updates, make the datasets more detailed. Compared with previous land cover map and other products, the classification result of the datasets is visually bette. Especially in middle stream, the accuracy of crop classification is quite high compared with the data from the ground campaign. The accuracy of land cover map of the datasets in 2012 was evaluated using very high spatial resolution remote sensing data within Google Earth and data from campaign, and the overall accuracy can be as high as 92.19%. In a word, the datasets of “Land Cover Map of Heihe River Basin” is not only high in overall accuracy, but also more detailed in crop fine classification. Furthermore, it updated some new classes like glaciers and snow. The datasets of “Land Cover Map of Heihe River Basin” are consequently the classification datasets with the highest accuracy and most detailed information up to now.
ZHONG Bo Aixia Yang
The data comes from the Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD) constructed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and International Institute for Applied System Analysis in Vienna (IIASA), which released version 1.1 on March 26, 2009. The data resolution is 1 km. The data source in China is 1: 1 million soil data. The soil classification system used is mainly FAO-90. The main fields of the soil property sheet include: SU_SYM90 (name of soil in FAO90 soil classification system) SU_SYM85 (FAO85 classification) T_TEXTURE (top soil texture) DRAINAGE (19.5); ROOTS: String (depth classification to the bottom of the soil with obstacles); SWR: String (characteristics of soil water content); ADD_PROP: Real (specific soil type in the soil unit related to agricultural use); T_GRAVEL: Real (gravel volume percentage); T_SAND: Real (sand content); T_SILT: Real (silt content); T_CLAY: Real (clay content); T_USDA_TEX: Real (USDA Soil Texture Classification); T_REF_BULK: Real (soil bulk density); T_OC: Real (organic carbon content); T_PH_H2O: Real (pH) T_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the sticky layer soil); T_CEC_SOIL: Real (soil cation exchange capacity) T_BS: Real (basic saturation); T_TEB: Real (exchangeable base); T_CACO3: Real (carbonate or lime content) T_CASO4: Real (sulfate content); T_ESP: Real (exchangeable sodium salt); T_ECE: Real (conductivity). The attribute field at the beginning of T_ indicates the upper soil attribute (0-30 cm), and the attribute field at the beginning of S_ indicates the lower layer soil attribute (30-100 cm) (FAO 2009). This data provides model input parameters for Earth system modelers, and in agricultural perspective, it can be used to study eco-agricultural divisions, food security, and climate change.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations（FAO）
China's administrative regions are basically divided into three levels: provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the central government), counties (autonomous counties, cities), townships (nationality townships, towns). In order to meet the needs of user statistics and cartography, we have published 1:1 million national administrative division data sets according to the national basic geographic information center. The administrative division data of Heihe River Basin were prepared. This data reflects the current situation of administrative divisions in Heihe River basin around 2008, including the information of provincial, regional and county-level administrative divisions. Its main attributes (such as area, code of administrative divisions, province (autonomous region), city (region, autonomous prefecture)) come from China's administrative divisions published in 2008.
Vegetation functional type (PFT) is a combination of large plant species according to the ecosystem function and resource utilization mode of plant species. Each planting functional type shares similar plant attributes, which simplifies the diversity of plant species into the diversity of plant function and structure.The concept of vegetation-functional has been advocated by ecologists especially ecosystem modelers.The basic assumption is that globally important ecosystem dynamics can be expressed and simulated through limited vegetative functional types.At present, vegetation-functional model has been widely used in biogeographic model, biogeochemical model, land surface process model and global dynamic vegetation model. For example, the land surface process model of the national center for atmospheric research (NCAR) in the United States has changed the original land cover information into the applied vegetation-functional map (Bonan et al., 2002).Functional vegetation has been used in the dynamic global vegetation model (DGVM) to predict the changes of ecosystem structure and function under the global change scenario. 1. Functional classification system of vegetation 1 Needleleaf evergreen tree, temperate 2 Needleleaf evergreen tree, boreal 3 Needleleaf deciduous tree 4 Broadleaf evergreen tree, tropical 5 Broadleaf evergreen tree, temperate 6 Broadleaf deciduous tree, tropical 7 Broadleaf deciduous tree, temperate 8 Broadleaf deciduous tree, boreal 9 Broadleaf evergreen shrub, temperate 10 Broadleaf deciduous shrub, temperate 11 Broadleaf deciduous shrub, boreal 12 C3 grass, arctic 13 C3 grass 14 C4 grass 15 Crop 16 Permanent wetlands 17 Urban and built-up lands 18 Snow and ice 19 Barren or sparsely vegetated lands 20 Bodies of water 2. Drawing method China's 1km vegetation function map is based on the climate rules of land cover and vegetation function conversion proposed by Bonan et al. (Bonan et al., 2002).Ran et al., 2012).MICLCover land cover map is a blend of 1:100000 data of land use in China in 2000, the Chinese atlas (1:10 00000) the type of vegetation, China 1:100000 glacier map, China 1:10 00000 marshes and MODIS land cover 2001 products (MOD12Q1) released the latest land cover data, using IGBP land cover classification system.The evaluation shows that it may be the most accurate land cover map on the scale of 1km in China.Climate data is China's atmospheric driven data with spatial resolution of 0.1 and temporal resolution of 3 hours from 1981 to 2008 developed by he jie et al. (2010).The data incorporates Princeton land-surface model driven data (Sheffield et al., 2006), gewex-srb radiation data (Pinker et al., 2003), TRMM 3B42 and APHRODITE precipitation data, and observations from 740 meteorological stations and stations under the China meteorological administration.According to the evaluation results of RanYouhua et al. (2010), GLC2000 has a relatively high accuracy in the current global land cover data set, and there is no mixed forest in its classification system. Therefore, the mixed forest in the MICLCover land cover diagram USES GLC2000 (Bartholome and Belward, 2005).The information in xu wenting et al., 2005) was replaced.The data can be used in land surface process model and other related researches.
RAN Youhua LI Xin
Qinghai Tibet Plateau is the largest permafrost area in the world. At present, some permafrost distribution maps have been compiled. However, due to the limited data sources, unclear standards, insufficient verification and lack of high-quality spatial data sets, there is great uncertainty in drawing Permafrost Distribution Maps on TP. Based on the improved medium resolution imaging spectrometer (MODIS) surface temperature (LSTS) model of 1 km clear sky mod11a2 (Terra MODIS) and myd11a2 (Aqua MODIS) product (reprocessing version 5) in 2003-2012, the data set simulates the distribution of permafrost and generates the permafrost map of Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The map was verified by field observation, soil moisture content and bulk density. Permafrost attributes mainly include: seasonally frozen ground, permafrost and unfrozen ground. The data set provides more detailed data of Permafrost Distribution and basic data for the study of permafrost in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
1、 The basin boundary of Heihe River Basin is based on the high-precision digital elevation model (DEM), which is obtained by using GIS hydrological analysis function analysis, and refers to remote sensing image, topographic map, ground investigation and previous research results. The surface catchment area of Heihe River basin covers an area of about 255000 km2, starting from the middle section of Qilian Mountains in the south, the Gobi Altai Mountains in Mongolia in the north, the Mazong mountains in the West and the Yabulai mountains in the East. Compared with the traditional Heihe River Basin, the new basin has increased Badain Jilin desert, Guizi lake, the northern part of Mazong mountain and the southern foot of Altai Mountain in Outer Mongolia Gobi. Explanation: the nanshihe River and beishihe River are the rivers formed by the leakage of the alluvial fan of Shule River. They form an independent hydrological unit (Huahai basin water systems) with Ganhaizi as the end lake, together with youYou River, Baiyang River and duanshankou river. The relationship between the hydrological unit and the Heihe River Basin is greater than that between the hydrological unit and the Shule River, which should be regarded as a part of the Heihe River Basin. Considering the current situation of modern water resources utilization, Beishi river has been directly connected with the main stream of Shule River through artificial transformation, and it is an important channel for water transmission from Shule River to Ganhaizi, and has become an important tributary of Shule River in fact. Under the influence of a series of water conservancy projects, the surface hydraulic connection between youyou River, Baiyang River and Shule River is far greater than that between youyou River and TaoLai river. 2、 Revised boundary of Yellow River Commission in Heihe River Basin On the basis of the Heihe River basin boundary revised by the Yellow River Water Conservancy Commission of the Ministry of water resources in 2005, the revised boundary of Heihe River Basin is obtained by using high-precision digital elevation model (DEM), reference remote sensing image, 1:100000 topographic map, ground investigation and other data. The basin boundary is about 76000 km2, among which the upper Qilian mountain middle section boundary is extracted strictly according to the ridge line by using DEM according to the GIS hydrological analysis function, and the lower north boundary is divided according to the boundary line according to the international convention. 3、 Study area boundary of Heihe River Basin According to the extended study area generated by the basin boundary of Heihe River Basin, it is mainly for the demand of model data input. The above three boundaries are to provide a unified study area boundary for the planned project of Heihe River Basin. It is suggested to use the revised boundary of Heihe River Basin yellow Committee as the core study area boundary.
The data is the digitization of the Heihe River basin part of the 1:1 million Vegetation Atlas of China, 1:1000, 000 Vegetation Atlas of China is edited by academician Hou Xueyu, a famous vegetation ecologist (Hou Xueyu, 2001). It is jointly compiled by more than 250 experts from 53 units such as research institutes of Chinese Academy of Sciences, relevant ministries and commissions, relevant departments of various provinces and regions, colleges and universities. It is another summative achievement of vegetation ecologists in China over 40 years after the publication of monographs such as vegetation of China Basic map of natural resources and natural conditions of the family. It is based on the rich first-hand information accumulated by vegetation surveys carried out throughout the country over the past half century, and the materials obtained by modern technologies such as aerial remote sensing and satellite images, as well as the latest research achievements in geology, soil science and climatology. It reflects in detail the distribution of vegetation units of 11 vegetation type groups, 796 formations and sub formations of 54 vegetation types, horizontal and vertical zonal distribution laws, and also reflects the actual distribution of more than 2000 dominant species of plants, major crops and cash crops in China, as well as the close relationship between dominant species and soil and ground geology. The atlas is a kind of realistic vegetation map, reflecting the recent quality of vegetation in China.
DEM is the English abbreviation of Digital Elevation Model, which is the important original data of watershed topography and feature recognition.DEM is based on the principle that the watershed is divided into cells of m rows and n columns, the average elevation of each quadrilateral is calculated, and then the elevation is stored in a two-dimensional matrix.Since DEM data can reflect local topographic features with a certain resolution, a large amount of surface morphology information can be extracted through DEM, which includes slope, slope direction and relationship between cells of watershed grid cells, etc..At the same time, the surface flow path, river network and watershed boundary can be determined according to certain algorithm.Therefore, to extract watershed features from DEM, a good watershed structure pattern is the premise and key of the design algorithm. Elevation data map 1km data formed according to 1:250,000 contour lines and elevation points in China, including DEM, hillshade, Slope and Aspect maps. Data set projection: Two projection methods: Equal Area projection Albers Conical Equal Area (105, 25, 47) Geodetic coordinates WGS84 coordinate system
The source data of this data set are 1:1 million Chinese soil maps and 8,595 soil profiles from the second soil census.The data include section depth, soil thickness, sand, silt, clay, gravel, bulk density, porosity, soil structure, soil color, pH value, organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, exchangeable cation amount, exchangeable hydrogen, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium ion and root amount.The dataset also provides data quality control information. The data is in raster format with a spatial resolution of 30 arc seconds.To facilitate the use of CLM model, soil data is divided into 8 layers, with the maximum depth of 2.3 meters (i.e. 0- 0.045, 0.045- 0.091, 0.091- 0.166, 0.166- 0.289, 0.289- 0.493, 0.493- 0.829, 0.829- 1.383 and 1.383- 2.296 m) Data file description： 1 Soil profile depth PDEP.nc 2 Soil layer depth "LDEP.nc LNUM.nc" 3 pH Value (H2O) PH.nc 4 Soil Organic Matter SOM.nc 5 Total N TN.nc 6 Total P TP.nc 7 Total K TK.nc 8 Alkali-hydrolysable N AN.nc 9 Available P AP.nc 10 Available K AK.nc 11 Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) CEC.nc 12 Exchangeable H+ H.nc 13 Exchangeable Al3+ AL.nc 14 Exchangeable Ca2+ CA.nc 15 Exchangeable Mg2+ MG.nc 16 Exchangeable K+ K.nc 17 Exchangeable Na+ NA.nc 18 Particle-Size Distribution Sand SA.nc Silt SI.nc Clay CL.nc 19 Rock fragment GRAV.nc 20 Bulk Density BD.nc 21 Porosity POR.nc 22 Color (water condition unclear) Hue Unh.nc Value Chroma Unc.nc 23 Dry Color Hue Dh.nc Value Chroma Dc.nc 24 Wet Color Hue Wh.nc Value Chroma Wc.nc 25 Dominant and Second Structure S1.nc SW1.nc RS.nc 26 Dominant and Second Consistency C1.nc CW1.nc RC.nc 27 Root Abundance Description R.nc
SHANGGUAN Wei DAI Yongjiu
This data includes the basic terrain data, soil data, meteorological data, land use / land cover data, etc. needed for SWAT model operation. All maps and relevant point coordinates (meteorological station, hydrological station) adopt the coordinate system of Gauss Kruger projection which is consistent with the basic topographic map of our country. Data content includes: a) The basic topographic data include DEM and river network. The size of DEM grid is 50 * 50m, and the drainage network is manually digitized from 1:100000 topographic map. b) Soil data: including soil physics, soil chemistry and spatial distribution of soil types. The scale of digital soil map is 1:1 million, which is converted into grid format of ESRI, with grid size of 50 * 50m. Each soil profile can be divided into up to 10 layers. The sampling index of soil texture required by the model adopts the American Standard. The parameters are from the second National Soil Census data and related literature. c) Meteorological data: (1) Temperature: the data of daily maximum temperature, daily minimum temperature, wind speed and relative humidity are from the daily observation data of Qilian, Shandan, tole, yeniugou and Zhangye meteorological stations in and around the basin, with the period from 1999 to 2001. (2) Precipitation: the rainfall data comes from five hydrological stations in and around the basin, i.e. OBO (1990-1996), Sunan (1990-2000), Qilian (1990-2000), Yingluoxia (1990-2000), zamashk (1990-2000), Shandan (1999-2001), tole (1999-2001), yeniugou (1999-2001), Zhangye (1999-2001) and Qilian County (1999-2001) Observation data. (3) Wind speed and relative humidity: wind speed and relative humidity come from the daily observation data of 5 meteorological stations in Shandan, tole, yeniugou, Zhangye and Qilian county. The period is from 1999 to 2001. (4) Solar radiation: solar radiation has no corresponding observation data and is generated by model simulation. d) Land use / land cover: 1995 land use data, scale 1:100000. Convert it to grid format of ESRI, with grid size of 50 * 50m. e) Meteorological data simulation tool (weather generator) database: the weather data simulation tool of SWAT model can simulate and calculate the daily meteorological input data required by the model operation according to the monthly statistical data for many years without the actual daily observation data, and can also carry out the interpolation of incomplete observation data. The meteorological data are from the surrounding meteorological stations.
Contact SupportNorthwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS 0931-4967287 firstname.lastname@example.org
LinksNational Tibetan Plateau Data Center