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The hydrometeorological observation network covers the upstream, midstream and downstream of the Heihe River Basin, which involves Qilian county in the Qinghai province, Zhangye city in Gansu province, and Ejin Banner in Inner Mongolia. A total of 3 superstations and 15 ordinary stations were established in the network. In the upstream region, there was one superstation (A’rou superstation) and 7 ordinary stations, namely Dashalong station, Huangzangsi station, A’rou sunny slope station, A’rou shady slope station, Huangcaogou station, E’bao station, and Jingyangling station from west to east. In the midstream region, there was one superstation (Daman superstation in the oasis) and 4 ordinary stations, namely Bajitan Gobi station, Shenshawo sandy desert station, Zhangye wetland station, and Huazhaizi desert steppe station around the oasis. In the downstream region, there was one superstation (Sidaoqiao Superstation) and 4 ordinary stations, namely the mixed forest station, populus forest station, barren-land station, and cropland station, which were located in the oasis. The instrument configuration of a superstation includes a meteorological element gradient observation system, an eddy covariance system, a large aperture scintillometer system, a cosmic-ray soil moisture observation system, and soil temperature and moisture wireless network in the LAS source area, etc., while in an ordinary station, the instruments are configured of an automatic weather station and an eddy covariance system.

  1. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (an automatic weather station of Sidaoqiao barren-land station)
  2. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (an automatic weather station of Sidaoqiao cropland station)
  3. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (an automatic weather station of Sidaoqiao mixed forest station)
  4. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (an automatic weather station of Sidaoqiao populus forest station)
  5. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of A’rou Superstation)
  6. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Daman Superstation)
  7. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Sidaoqiao Superstation)
  8. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of A’rou shady slope station)
  9. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of A’rou sunny slope station)
  10. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of Bajitan Gobi desert station)
  11. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of Dashalong station)
  12. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of E’bao station)
  13. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of Huangcaogou station)
  14. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of Huangzangsi station)
  15. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of Huazhaizi desert steppe station)
  16. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of Jingyangling station)
  17. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of shenshawo sandy desert station)
  18. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (automatic weather station of Zhangye wetland station)
  19. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (cosmic-ray soil moisture of Daman Superstation)
  20. HiWATER: Dataset of Hydrometeorological observation network (eddy covariance system of A’rou Superstation)